Fake News Focus News Agencies Congress

The so-called Fake News focus on Thursday the 6th News Agencies World Congress (NAWC), opened by Bulgarian President Rumen Radev, in the presence of more than 90 media outlets from about 80 countries.

Three days of sessions in Sofia will seek a broad view in the fickle universe of The Future of News, the motto of the event, which strongly questions the danger Fake News could represent for the future of mankind.

'The future of news is actually the future of mankind. Information is currently the most abundant commodity but in fact the most deficient; the foundations of ethics are undermined and speed wants to be more relevant than reliable sources', Radev said.

In his courtesy speech to the NAWC delegates, the Bulgarian President deplored the effects of fake news and its increase as a plague that undermines the principles of democracy in the world.

Maxim Minchev, Director General of Bulgarian News Agency (BTA) and Secretary General of News Agency World Council (NACO), spoke about the digitalization of the societies, the management of media financing, sources of inspiration and the problems of Fake News.

Representatives from Australia, Congo Brazzaville, Cuba, South Africa, Syria, Palestine, France, Paraguay, the United States, Portugal, Italy, Andorra, Turkey, Greece, Holland, Guinea Bissau, Indonesia, Algeria, Spain, Germany, India, China, Russia and Vietnam, among others, are attending the NAWC.

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Experts from 16 Countries in Obstetrics and Gynecology Event in Cuba

Some 130 specialists from 16 countries in Latin America, Europe and the United States will participate in the 17th Congress of the Cuban Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, June 18-21, the event hosts reported in Havan Tuesday.

The event will gather gynecologists, obstetricians, endocrinologists, intensivists and other experts from countries such as Panama, Argentina, Mexico, Brazil, Spain and Greece, as well as more than 200 Cuban doctors.

It will include a course on the medical and legal aspects of obstetrics and gynecology, as part of a project of good practices for the prevention of legal complaints and lawsuits, Andres Breto, President of the organizing committee, said in a press conference.

U.S. professors such as Ted Louis Anderson, current president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Mark DeFrancesco, who held the presidency of this college from 2015 to 2016 will prestige the congress.

Topics such as sexual and reproductive health, attention to infertile couples and current diagnostic issues will be the focus of discussions at the forum.

The congress is hosted by the Latin American Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Societies, the Pan American Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and the Cuban Society for Family Development, among other institutions.

Other congresses will be held in parallel to this forum, such as the 10th Congress on Perinatology and Family Planning, the 7th Congress on Child and Adolescent Reproductive Health, the 7th Congress on Climacterium and Menopause, as well as the 7th Congress on Ultrasonography in Gynecology and Obstetrics and the 6th Congress on Pathology of the Lower Genital Tract and Colposcopy.

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Psychiatry Congress Concludes in Cuba

The 9th Congress of Psychiatry, PsiqCuba 2019, concludes here on Friday after three days of sessions with the presence of over 300 delegates from the Americas, Europe and Australia.

According to the program, delegates from several nations are debating in the morning session: Depression, Disorders and Suicide; Technology and Mental Health; Addictions and Integration of Service Networks.

For the afternoon, there are two presentations scheduled: Being kind is only a virtue or a human need? and Mental Health: intra- and cross- sectional responsibility.

During the closing ceremony, in addition to the rapporteur of the Congress, the call of the 10th Cuban Congress of Psychiatry will be presented.

Along with PsiqCuba 2019, the 7th Pan American Congress of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, the 2nd Latin American Symposium of the World Association of Dual Pathology and the 2nd International Congress of Psychotherapy were held for the past three days.

According to the president of the organizing committee, Miriam de la Osa, the 21st century offers us new challenges in the field of Psychiatry.

Many changes are taking place in health-care systems and the field of research and our specialty still has a long way to go at a time of (...) necessary adjustments with the intention of working for human improvement, he added.

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Women Candidates 'Tired Of Waiting' Make Record Gains In US Congress

Washington: The record numbers of women running for office in the United States this year are mostly Democrats, and their party is banking on their candidacies and a widening gender gap on key issues to achieve big wins in the Nov. 6 elections.

Reuters/Ipsos polling two weeks ahead of Election Day showed Democrats with a 5-percentage-point lead over Republicans among likely voters in the elections, where control of Congress is at stake.

Democrats held an 8-point lead with women and a 2-point lead among men. But among likely voters with college educations, who vote at significantly higher rates, Democrats had a 23-point lead with women and an 8-point lead with men.

It is a "gender gap on steroids," Democratic pollster Celinda Lake said.

The Democratic Party is trying to regain political power at the local, state and federal levels in next month's elections. The 2016 election of Republican President Donald Trump despite multiple sexual misconduct allegations and the #MeToo movement against sexual misconduct have energized Democratic women in particular to seek office and vote.

"It may be women candidates who save our enthusiasm advantage by mobilizing women voters," Lake said. "Women candidates help get women voters out, and that is a very important thing for Democrats."

Democrats need to pick up 23 seats to win control of the U.S. House of Representatives and gain two seats to capture the Senate. Winning either chamber would help them thwart or stall much of Trump's policy agenda and increase congressional oversight and investigation of the administration.

Of the 23 women on ballots for the 100-seat U.S. Senate and 237 vying for the 435-seat House, more than 75 percent are Democrats, according to the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University.

"It's a bit of a partisan story," said Rutgers political science professor Kelly Dittmar. "This year we've seen a surge of women candidates that are both running for office and winning nominations, but much of that surge is happening among Democrats and not Republican women."

Women are more likely than men to vote in both presidential and congressional midterm elections across all ethnicities, according to Dittmar's research and polling data.

Reuters/Ipsos polling, which has tracked voting interest since 2012, showed Democrats, especially college-educated women Democrats, much more enthusiastic about voting this year compared with the last midterm elections in 2014, and their level of enthusiasm has risen more than it has among men.

Year Of The Woman?

As November's elections have drawn closer, Reuters/Ipsos polling has also shown a widening gender divide on questions such as approval of Trump and the economy.

In May, when asked if they approved or disapproved of the way Trump was handling his presidency, 47 percent of men and 43 percent of women approved. By mid-October, 46 percent of men approved but just 36 percent of women.

Both men and women say the economy is their top issue, and Trump often touts an improved economy as one of his successes.

But while 51 percent of men believe the economy is on the right track, only 37 percent of women do, Reuters/Ipsos polling showed.

This year's election is drawing comparisons to the 1992 elections dubbed the "Year of the Woman," when a record number of women won seats in Congress, bringing total representation to around 10 percent.

That election came the year after Anita Hill accused Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment during his U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearing.

Former Democratic Senator Barbara Mikulski, one of only two women in the Senate at the time of Hill's testimony, said women's outrage at Hill's treatment by an all-male Senate committee motivated them "to run in numbers never heard before."

This year, Christine Blasey Ford accused Brett Kavanaugh of sexual misconduct when they were in high school during his Supreme Court confirmation hearing.

Republican leaders have cited Kavanaugh's eventual confirmation as a catalyst for Republican enthusiasm in this year's elections. But Lake said: "Anger is the most motivating emotion - more than happiness, fear."

When asked to rate their anger on a scale of 1 to 10 - with 10 being extreme anger - Democrats were a 7.6 toward Trump, with Democratic women more angry than men, Reuters/Ipsos polling showed.

Democrats were also much angrier about the Senate's handling of Kavanaugh's confirmation than Republicans or independents.

Lake said she hoped 2018 was a "breakthrough moment" for women, who currently hold just 20 percent of seats in Congress.

"We've had the 'Year of the Woman' before and it has been a one-night sensation, but this is about filling the pipeline," she said. "There will be a record number of women win; there will be a record number of women lose. What will be important is that those women run again."

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López Obrador: No time to lose

Andres Manuel López Obrador says there is no time to lose to transform his country. After being elected President of Mexico July 1, he announced the first 13 reforms that he will send to Congress and that will mark the beginning of his government. But questions remain as to the situation he will be faced with when he assumes the presidency on December 1st.

The Mexico that López Obrador is to inherit is a country where violence, impunity, poverty, strained diplomatic relations, a weak economy, and cases of corruption have generated a crisis of unprecedented dimensions.

To offer just a few examples, from December 2012 to May 2018, 119,393 intentional homicides were recorded in Mexico, and there are currently 37,435 persons registered as disappeared.

According to a report by the National Human Rights Commission, from 2012 to 2017, 25 recommendations were issued relating to serious human rights violations. The killings of journalists reached a record figure with 44 cases documented under the current government, and a total of 117 recorded since 2000.

This is the scenario that the next government of the Republic will face, in addition to the consequences of the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the virtual bankruptcy of the Mexican state-owned petroleum company, PEMEX, and a human rights crisis that transcends borders.

The measures presented last Wednesday by the President-elect represent some of the legislative priorities of his government, and an attempt to address many of these problems.

Among other areas, included is a reform to end public officials’ – including the president – exemption from prosecution and other privileges, and an announced law to allow recall referendums to revoke their mandates.

López Obrador explained that the reform to end privileges and immunity means that the President can be tried for electoral crimes and corruption, for which he is also requesting increased sentences, as well as for the theft of fuel.

The leader of the MORENA Party stated that he will undertake changes that will make it possible to streamline the public administration structure, as part of an announced austerity plan that also includes reducing the salaries of high-ranking officials and eliminating pensions for former presidents.

“Everything to do with the republican austerity plan and fighting corruption will have priority from the first day of the new Congress,” López Obrador added.

He also reiterated that he will seek to revoke or modify the educational reform undertaken by the current government, and establish the right to free public education at all levels of schooling.

“The consultation mechanism will be established by law for the revocation of mandates and will remove obstacles in all citizen referendum procedures, that must be binding in nature, with the purpose of enforcing participatory democracy,” he noted.

López Obrador secured a landslide victory with electoral pledges relating to the elimination of the profound corruption that plagues the country, which has also been hit by increased violence and weak economic growth.

This will be a huge challenge and not only for him, but also for his cabinet, which he has already begun to shape with the inclusion of different political and economic figures, who should, in his own words, work together on a common project that raises Mexico beyond what it is today.

MEASURES PROPOSED BY LÓPEZ OBRADOR

- Regulatory law on maximum wages
- Creation of the Secretariat for Public Security
- Abolition of impunity and privileges
- New serious offences: corruption, fuel theft and electoral fraud
- Budget and Income Law
- Transfer the General Staff to the Secretariat of National Defense
- Revoke decrees on water privatization
- Revoke educational reform laws
- Incorporate the right to higher education into Article 3 of the Constitution
- Revocation of Mandate
- Remove obstacles to Referendum
- Reforms on increasing the minimum wage at the border
- Adjust the administration to an austerity plan, without layoffs of lower level workers

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United States: Military in the Mexican Border

Amid the militarist fever coursing through the official spheres of the United States, Donald Trump has just announced that armed forces will increase its presence in the border with Mexico.  

The Associated Press AP announced last Tuesday in Washington that this measure will be in force until the dividing wall between the two countries is finished as the leader promised.  

The Secretary of Defense, James Mattis reported at a lunch offered to the leaders of Baltic countries.  

He also confirmed that “we will do things militarily until we have a wall and the security as it should, we will preserve our border with armed forces and it’s a huge step."  

And he concluded saying: “We really have not done his before, or certainly not much."  

AP comments that the president has been deeply frustrated by the lack of progress on the construction site of what was the main promise of his campaign: "a big and beautiful wall" in the border with Mexico.  

The aforementioned news agency published that Trump insinuated the use of budget from the Pentagon to finance the expenses in the building of the wall, under the thesis that it’s a priority for the national security despite of the specific regulations that forbid expenses without the Congress approval.  

Reporters inquired about the functioning of the project but got no answers from state institutions.  

AP reminds that in 2006 under Operation Jump Start 6 000 security agents were deployed and surveillance over that territory came active.  

It also mentioned that Donald Trump announced that government officials are preparing a new legislative package to patch up cracks in immigration laws.  

The president has given several hints about this initiative in his tweets and also requested republican legislators to approve a measure on the border under the pretext of the “nuclear option if necessary" to carry on.  

On this regard last Tuesday he tweeted: "The Congress should act now!".  

Observers point that Donald Trump shows his fury by understanding that the approved funds are not enough for the building of the border wall he promised to his supporters.

Cubasi Translation Staff / Amilkal Labañino Valdés

Donald Trump: Shooting drug dealers?

The White House released in a communiqué that “the Department of Justice will seek the death penalty against drug dealers when it’s appropriate under the law”.

Helpless to stop drug addiction, Donald Trump resorts to everything with the aim, at least, to reduce it.

With a youth hit by that evil, and without hiding his desperation, he even dares to threaten to shoot the numerous drug traffickers who invade his country.

Thus reported on Monday from Washington Spanish news agency EFE.

According to that outlet’s text, the president and his wife Melania will travel to New Hampshire, the third state with the highest drug overdose death rate, to roll out the strategy on the problem.

Some 175 Americans die from that cause a day, on average.

The White House released in a communiqué that “the Department of Justice will seek the death penalty against drug traffickers when it’s appropriate under current law".

They refer to several products that can be purchased in the black market by means of prescriptions and others.

Likewise, Trump will call on Congress to pass a law that lowers the minimum amount of drugs to invoke mandatory minimum sentences against the drug dealers who distribute them”, the communiqué reiterated.

EFE adds that the said offense is prosecuted in U.S. on the basis of a 1986 law, which establishes 20 years for minor drug dealers and life imprisonment for especially serious cases.

Recently, the head of state insinuated his support to death penalty against drug dealers.

And on that regard, he said: “Some countries have for this a very, very tough penalty, the ultimate penalty”.

“And, of course, they have much less of a drug problem than we do”.

With certain desperation, Washington authorities try to prevent the addiction phenomenon that surrounds them seeking a vaccine that allows them to prevent opioid addiction.

The news agency added that over the last six years in US drug overdose deaths have become the leading cause of violent death, followed by car accident or gun deaths.

EFE also reported that in that country, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, headquartered In Atlanta, there were 64,000 deaths due to the aforementioned reasons in 2016.

One should ask:

Do the causes of this tragedy only have as a solution to shoot drug traffickers, in Trump’s style?

If so, we would be misconfusing the real cause with one of its effects.

But the reason lies in the system, which causes the evils of capitalism with their burden of misery and inequalities.

The harvest of gangs, which are riddled with bullets in the streets prove it.

 

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff

Cuban Pediatrics Congress Ends in Havana

The 28th Cuban Congress of Pediatrics is closing its activities today after several days of scientific exchange with more than 400 participants from Latin America, Europe and the United States.

The main activity today will be the delivery of the Angel Arturo Aballí (1880-1952) Prize, to pay a tribute to the forerunner of the discipline in the island.

The Congress, dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the Cuban Society of Pediatrics, will also conclude its scientific program with several lectures on the specialty and a session of pneumology in children.

Experts, among other issues, will talk in this forum about the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

According to the island's health authorities, the vaccine, named Quimi-Vio, will also be included in the Cuban childhood vaccination scheme of 10 vaccines against 13 diseases.

One of the achievements of the Cuban Society of Pediatrics in its 90th anniversary is that the country closed 2017 with the lowest infant mortality rate: four per 1,000 live births.

  • Published in Cuba
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