Cuba commemorates 63rd anniversary of Granma yacht landing

Cuba commemorates today the Day of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR) and the 63rd anniversary of the landing of the Granma yacht, with the latter beginning the armed struggle that would culminate in the revolutionary victory of 1959.

On December 2, 1956, the 82 Granma expeditionaries, led by Fidel Castro, touched Cuban land after departing days before, on November 25, from the Mexican port of Tuxpan.

The purpose was to command the armed struggle against the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista (1952-1959) until it was overthrown.

Historiography shows that, despite the adversities, the group of young people regrouped after being surprised and dispersed by the army troops of the Fulgenio Batista dictatorship.

The expeditionaries, helped by the peasants of the Sierra Maestra, formed the nucleus of the future Rebel Army and began the struggle in the mountains of eastern Cuba until it triumphed on January 1st, 1959.

In honor of that date, the FAR was founded in 1961.

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Cuban Revolution in cinema posters exhibited in French museum

Paris, Oct 31 (Prensa Latina) Through 300 posters gathered in the Cuban Posters, Revolution and Cinema exhibition, the Musée des Arts Décoratifs (Museum of Decorative Arts) in Paris offers as of Thursday the opportunity to approach one of the main political events of the 20th century.

Scheduled until February 2 at the institution located on one of the wings of the Louvre Palace, the exhibition was officially opened on Wednesday evening, to which Cuban ambassador to France Elio Rodriguez, officials of the island's diplomatic mission and dozens of guests from sectors of society, attended.

The exhibition's curator Amelie Gastaut and Italian collector Luigino Bardellotto, who contributed many of those posters, shared with Rodriguez some details of the distinctive initiative.

Key figures of the revolutionary process, such as leader Fidel Castro and Commanders Camilo Cienfuegos and Ernesto Che Guevara, and significant moments ranging from the victory in Playa Giron (Bay of Pigs) over the US- orchestrated mercenary invasion in 1961, the 10-million ton sugar harvest and the 1st Congress of the Communist Party, are evoked from a part of those posters.

The other part of the exhibition gathers the cinema atmosphere in Cuba, with posters reminiscent of classics such as 'Lucia,' 'Memorias del Subdesarrollo' (Memories of Underdevelopment) and 'Fresa y Chocolate' (Strawberry and Chocolate), or foreign films by Akira Kurozawa, Alfred Joseph Hitchcock and Steven Spielberg.

Although most of those films date from 60s and 70s of the 20th century, described as golden era of the Cuban posters, 80s and 90s are also present in the exhibition.

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Cuba to host symposium on genesis and development of the Revolution

Historians, political scientists and economists from 21 countries will exchange experiences in the III Cuban Revolution, Genesis and Historical Development Symposium, to be held from October 29 to 31.

In the Havana Convention Center, specialists and scholars of revolutions around the world will discuss the process of transformations that the island has been promoting for 60 years and the role of Fidel Castro, architect and historical leader of that emancipation project grouped in 11 work commissions.

The 150 delegates (50 of them foreigners) will study over 80 papers on the subject, and will participate in collateral activities such as an exhibition of original posters about the Cuban Revolution and book presentations.

As a climax, three panels will deal on the figure and universal legacy of Fidel Castro.

The president of the Institute of History of Cuba, Yoel Cordoví, highlighted in a press conference the usefulness of such a symposium that is being held in an international context marked by the right's offensive against progressive causes, particularly in Latin America.

In this scenario, he said, it is crucial to study and disseminate among the Cuban people and the world, a history as rich as that of the island and the revolutionary example of Fidel.

The participants in this meeting, held every two years since 2015, represent countries of different latitudes, such as the United States, Germany, Dominican Republic, Peru or Sweden.

For the first time, students from Hungary, China, the Czech Republic, Thailand, Mongolia and Venezuela will participate.

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Cuba, Canada Meet to Discuss US Intervention in Venezuela

President Diaz-Canel told Canada's foreign minister he was "concerned" about the damage caused to Venezuela and its population by U.S. "economic sanctions, siege policies and isolation that it has been subjected."

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel reiterated his country's solidarity with Venezuela during a meeting Wednesday with Canadian Foreign Minister Cynthia Freeland upon her official visit to Havana.

During the meeting, Diaz-Canel told Freeland of his "concern" about the damage being caused to Venezuela and its population by "economic sanctions, siege policies and isolation" as a result of the United States' blockade on the South American country.

The Cuban leader underscored his point by saying that the U.S. "Monroe Doctrine is a danger to the entire hemisphere," referring to its continual use by the Donald Trump administration to control the political and economic affairs of both Cuba and Venezuela.

The U.S. government earlier this month placed an all-out blockade on Venezuela and has threatened to cut off any vessels from entering or leaving its shores, while in Cuba, Trump has implemented the Helms-Burton Act that allows U.S. citizens to use the nation's courts to sue foreign companies linked to Cuban-nationalized real estate and land.

At today's meeting, the Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodriguez, also present at the reunion, reiterated to his Canadian counterpart the solidarity of his country with Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, and proposed that Canada "contribute" to the elimination of the U.S. blockade.

Rodriguez said: "The resurgence of the unilateral coercive measures by the United States damages the Venezuelan people, and is contrary to international law and the dialogue process," underway between the Maduro government and opposition factions being mediated by Norway, Rodriguez told Freeland.

“In particular,” said Rodriguez, Cuba wants Canada to “reject the use and threat of use of force, and interference in the internal affairs of states" within the Americas.

Also at the discussion, Diaz-Canel thanked Freeland for her nation’s continual support to vote each year at the United Nations to end the nearly 60-year-old blockade on the island country. The two exchanged ideas about Cuban-Canadian bilateral relations and issues of "mutual interest."

The foreign ministers of Canada and Cuba held their first round of discussion about Venezuela in May in Cuba, while the second one took place June 7 in Ottawa.

Before arriving in Havana, Freeland said in a statement that "there is an international convergence on the need for a peaceful transition in Venezuela that results in free and fair elections and the return to democracy."

She said that the "long relationship" between Canada and Cuba said the visit would allow them to continue the previous talks.

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Roberto Fernández Retamar, the Poet

Roberto Fernández Retamar (1930-2019) bequeaths a huge work: in verses, in prose… also in the fertile commitment to a Revolution to which he devoted his best efforts.

One doesn’t need to read Roberto Fernández Retamar’s poems twice to understand him. This is not a virtue in itself, but in his case it says a lot of lyrical calling: Retamar wrote to share. That’s why his verses seem as something from of each one of us. That is: they speak of our dreams, of our goals, of the ups and downs of our lives. And they also speak, , with our words, those we use every day. The way of "spinning" those poems is already something else: one has the impression that even oneself could not say better what the poet puts before us… and it’s, in the end, what we had needed to say.

The poet brings together two environments, the romantic daydreaming and everyday life, and when he brought them together he made them a single thing. That is, in the end, one of the wins of poetry: that the lyrical work becomes "tangible" nature. The transparency of what he proposed never became simplicity in the thinking. Roberto Fernández Retamar was born from a perfectly identifiable landscape and he "returned" it without alterations, marvelously recreated. It was not adorning the context, it was to discover its essential beauty.

It’s exactly for that reason that the scope of his themes is so wide. He wrote of love and also of the issues in the construction of a new society that were many and far more pressing. Seem like that, it sounds as socialist realism, but Retamar never allowed a functional and dogmatic exaltation, more propaganda rather than poetry. It were remarkable the critical vision and the lyrical bravado.

In his more epic and social poetry, Roberto Fernández Retamar was always an optimist. More than a thousand times he called to see a better future… and fight to attain it. The Revolution of 1959 showed him the road of that possibility. No one (much less him) said that it would be an easy road. He pointed out contradictions many times, he was involved in polemics… and his work is abundant in recollecting. He never tried to simplify the reach (and obstacles) of a renovating political process. He neither tried to sweeten history.

But he always offered the other side of the coin, the most intimate, and the personal history that so many times depends on the great history:

The time and memory, it’s known are key elements of poetry. In Retamar’s poetry also appear, of course. Here and there he outlines a game of apparent opposites, past against future to finally explain the convergence: we are always consequence. Nevertheless, the poet doesn't goat on what he lived, he prefers to wait a new morning:

The feats or horrors of the past don’t exist. / The present is faster than the reading of these very words. / The poet greets the things to come / With a salvo in the dark night. (Excerpt of the poem A Salvo of Future).

The death of a lucid poet is not just that of the man, but of the possible work, the one a lifetime wasn’t enough to do. Roberto Fernández Retamar has bequeathed an impressive lyrical body that is fortunately saved. What he took with him was that other poetry, patrimony of the dreams.

Miguel Diaz-Canel praises Jose Ramon Fernandez´s legacy

Cuban president, Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez, paid tribute today via social networks to Jose Ramon Fernandez, one of the most notable men of the Revolution.

In his words, the Cuban head of state said Jose Ramon Fernandez was a pure man, one of those soldiers who chose being in jail rather than serving a tyrant, apropos of his passing away yesterday morning.

Diaz-Canel said farewell in his Twitter profile to the Hero of Bay of Pigs, teacher of Teachers, and the minister who revolutionized the Cuban educational system.

In another tweet, the head of state also confirmed that the sovereignty of our people is settled in the approach regarding Venezuela.

Likewise, he stated that backing up the legit right of the sister nation to decide its own future is to defend the dignity of all of us.

Translated by Sergio A. Paneque Diaz / CubaSi Translation Staff

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Cuba is Fidel and Fidel is Cuba

He was capable of stirring feelings in crowds and his popular summoning of forging a nation he was supported by majorities that is poor, humble, deprived.

Like that unintentionally and without thinking it, he became great. He understood workers, and stood next to peasants, he listened to intellectuals, dignified women, he filled the dreams of children with books, pencils and schools.  

The fight began in the cities and in the Sierra Maestra mountains crowned the victory that later took him to lead the destiny of a nation through the paths of right to schooling, to own lands, to factories. After that Cubans were the true owners of their Homeland, without distinctions, putting aside social classes, skin color, or the place where one was born. No more Yankees on the road, neither traitors, neither those serving the empire.

From his position as statesman looked after his people and it was this people that gave him the greatest of joys. He opened the school doors to teachers, classrooms to students, he raised awareness of scientists, the knowledge of doctors, he elevated the honor of women to unheard of heights, fields and sectors they never treaded before.

Cuba is Fidel and Fidel is Cuba, and to millions of men and women, of children and old men, he is the greatest of Cubans.  

He continued the path of the most illustrious and committed patriots, he learned from Jose Martí, and in that struggle for the definitive independence he brought along the most valuable men of his time.

I always wondered how he managed to join wills and crowds, fill squares, unite Cubans in the first call. Certainly, Fidel was not a god, he was as wonderful as real, also authentic as inexplicable. But undoubtedly, he was a giant of humility and moral, of courage and dignity that he knew - as no other - to assume that the all the glory in the world fits in a kernel of corn, like Martí said and being his most faithful pupil.  

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Cuban President Praises Students' Commitment to Revolution

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel on Thursday highlighted the commitment by students and professors at the Pedagogical School in central Ciego de Avila province.

The head of State posted on Twitter his emotion during the meeting with students and teachers at the abovementioned campus.

'Beautiful life stories that express passion for Cuba and commitment to the Cuban Revolution,' the Cuban leader wrote.

During a governmental visit to that territory, Diaz-Canel assessed the progress of development programs and learned in Jardines del Rey about the characteristics of the hotel development program approved by the Council of Ministers until 2030 for the northern Cuban keys, which includes Villa Clara, Camagüey and Ciego de Avila.

Diaz-Canel was also interested in the preparations for the peak tourist season in Jardines del Rey.

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