Liar Marco Rubio was in Cucuta, but he didn’t see the houses

The echo of the lies launched by US Senator Marco Rubio during his visit to Cucuta resounded almost at the same time of his brief stay in that Colombian city on the border with Venezuela.

Marco Rubio, who travelled to Cucuta to supervise the development of the humanitarian aid program mounted by U.S., through the USAID, against Venezuela, was in Cucuta, but as the old saying reads, he didn’t see the houses.

Although Rubio, one of the architects of Washington to use the alleged humanitarian assistance as a Trojan House to invade Venezuela, had a photograph taken upon his arrival to Cucuta surrounded by a few inhabitants, and apparently he never realized that he had arrived at the least appropriate place to offer humanitarian assistance to anyone.

The "beneficent" senator who affirmed that: "One thing is to see human suffering, another is to see it up close and personal, and to meet the people and hear their stories”, and apparently his imperial arrogance did not allow him to meet or talk to some of the inhabitants who backed him as puppets of his show of misinformed proconsul.

Otherwise, he would have found out that the Colombian city he had chosen as platform to lie about the crisis in Venezuela has one of the highest inequality rates among the cities in the American continent.

Also that 40 percent, almost 300,000 Cucuta locals live in poverty, 10 percent in extreme poverty.

That the city’s unemployment is close to 20 percent and that around 20,000 children work and live in the streets.

He would have also found out that nearly 30 percent of the hospitals in Cucuta are in technical shutdown and that a normal delivery in that city costs 500 dollars, therefore, Cucuta’s women in labor travel to Venezuela to be assisted by the Bolivarian government of Venezuela.

The previous figures, based on sources from the statistics department in Colombia, were made public by Venezuela’s Communication and Information Minister Jorge Rodríguez in a televised appearance, where he announced that next February 22 and 23, the Bolivarian government would stage two concerts and provide food and health aid for free to the neighboring people of Cucuta.

But by then, the senator for Florida had already arrived in Miami, where he continued to repeat, in another press conference, the same lies about Venezuela.

Of course, the also member of the anti-Cuban mafia has a recognized record as a mythomaniac.

In October 2011, Sen. Marco Rubio was publicly accused in U.S. as a liar for having decieved with political purposes about his Cuban parents’ arrival in Florida after Fidel Castro’s takeover. However, press reports revealed that the parents of the senator left Cuba for the United States in 1956, under the government of Batista.

Rubio’s father was a barman and travelled to the northern country for economic reasons. Fidel Castro was not even in Cuba when Rubio’s family left the country. The story was initially reported by the St.Petersburg Times daily.

Marco Rubio arrived in Cucuta, stirred up and fled. Apparently, he will not attend the “War without Borders” concert, due to take place in that city on Feb. 22. Whereas Colombia’s President Ivan Duque has announced his presence, maybe he cares about the problems in Cucuta that his superior in Washington didn’t see.

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / CubaSi Translation Staff

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My phrase of the day? We are Continuity (+ Photos and Video)

The phrase surrounds and inspires me. It comes to me full of that sense this Sunday in which we all, like a vegetable stew or rainbow, are continuity and say Yes for Cuba.

And it can’t be another for someone who has already received the warning of her 7-year-old son since Saturday: mom, there’s no school the day we have to vote Yes for Cuba, but wake me up early to accompany you. And the news from her daughter aged 9: mom, I must be ready at 6 o’clock, because Liani and I will go to guard the ballot boxes. That is, in my house, it is very clear: We are continuity.

But then I arrived at the Polling Station to exercise my right to vote and the first thing I found there was this couple. He was holding her arm with such candor that I only thought of one possibility: he’s her grandson. But he wasn’t, he was a neighbor and the fact is that solidarity is a daily thing in Cuba and emotions await you in any corner, so when I listed to the spontaneous words of Carmen on Fidel, the Revolution and our President Diaz Canel, I looked at her and my chest swelled up.

“I vote for my Revolution”, says Carmen and José Manuel assures: “As Cuban it is my duty to ratify the Fundamental Law of the Republic, which is a necessary document to ratify the continuity of the Revolution”. The Revolution of Carmen and José Miguel (who could be her grandson) is the same. In other words, in my neighborhood: We are continuity.

The phrase surrounds and inspires me. The phrase comes to me full of that meaning this Sunday in which we all, like a vegetable stew or rainbow, are continuity and say Yes for the will to progress, grow, evolve always embracing essences, loyal to the Revolution with all and for the good of all.

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Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / CubaSi Translation Staff

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REFERENDUM FOR THE CONSTITUTION: The Strength is in the Neighborhood

This polling place in one of the neighborhoods of Cojímar is one of thousands across the country; it might seem insignificant to the national panorama, but in fact its lack of great singularities can give a perfect idea on the nation’s mood.

«There hasn’t been the slightest of problems here, Mr. journalist. Everything has gone as expected. At this hour, noon, almost everybody has already voted. We’ll count the votes in the afternoon. I am sure the Constitution will be approved here», comments one of the members at the board.

The urn, as it’s already tradition, is escorted by pioneers. «When I was a little girl, in capitalism, at the very few elections I witnessed, it was the military who decided. Polling places seemed barracks. I believe it was Fidel who had this wonderful idea: that children, as a symbol of purity, watch over the urns. My husband is physically impaired, these same pioneers will shortly go to the house so that he can vote», says Rosa Pereira who just moved in to Havana and for the first time exercises her right in this city.

For Esnaida Moncada, neighbor of this area for over thirty years, this is a unique moment: «I was very young when the other Constitution was approved, coming to vote more than forty years later for a new constitution is a privilege that I don't know if I’ll ever have again. Do you know why I am here? For three reasons: because I have civic responsibility, because I am a follower of Martí and Fidel, and because I want to support our new president. Did you watch the message passed in television yesterday? Very pretty, very heartfelt, speaking to people with simplicity and respect. This president is in the streets! We must support him in these complex times.

Exiting the polling place, one of the children who waited his time to salute next to the urn asked his mother:

—Why I cannot vote?

—Because you are very small yet, you will have your chance one day. But don't worry, I vote for you and for me.

—At least please allow me to put the ballot in the box for you.

And so they did.

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Raul Castro Votes in Cuban Referendum

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba, Raul Castro, voted this Sunday in the referendum on the new Constitution of the Republic.

The Army general went to an electoral college in Playa municipality in Havana to endorse the constitution approved in December by the National Assembly of Popular Power.

After depositing his ballot, the leader spoke with the pioneers (primary and middle school students) who guarded the polls and with the members of the polling station.

Raul Castro headed the parliamentary commission responsible for drafting the Constitution, which is the result of the contribution of the population, expressed in more than 780,000 proposals, many of them incorporated into the text, which came out of a consultation in which nearly nine million people participated.

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An Auction of Havana Cigars in Cuba Surpasses One Million Euros

Havana, Feb 23 (Prensa Latina) An auction of Premium Cuban cigars collected one million 505 thousand euros this Saturday during the closure of the XXI Habano Festival, which was attended by 2,200 people from 70 countries.

The event closed in the early hours of the morning, and the participants had the opportunity to bid for seven lots of beautiful humidors made of cedar, loaded with the best high royalty tobaccos of the moment, an event that took place at the Pabexpo fairgrounds.

The humidor dedicated to the San Cristobal brand in Havana raised 175 thousand euros, followed by H.Upmann with 150 thousand. In the case of Romeo and Juliet, the bid ended at 200,000 euros, and that of Montecristo at 220,000.

The most attractive and high-priced were those of Trinidad and Cohiba, with 300,000 euros each. The closing night was dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the Trinidad brand.

This edition of the Festival had among its fundamental aspects the brand San Cristobal de La Habana, because this 2019 all the meetings here point to the 500 years of the capital, to be held next November 16.

During the night and closing dawn, the Habano of the Year Awards were also presented, which for this opportunity had a predominance of Cubans, when Justo Emilio Luis Rodriguez, Gabriel Estrada Business and Zoe Nocedo Communication achieved it in Production.

The final data of this smoke festival indicated that Cuban companies accumulated the greatest number of prizes delivered in the Convention Palace of this capital (hours before) during the closing of the XXI Trade Fair.

This was also the moment to recognize the winning team of the second World Challenger International contest, the team from Italy, a contest that proves knowledge about Premium Cuban cigars.

The Prize in the category of Modular Design Stand went to Tecnoazucar and the Mention to La Estancia S.A., in terms of Free Design Stand the primordial position was for Brascuba Cigarrillos S.A., and the mentions to Promocigar and Havana Club International.

In addition, the organizing committee recognized the company Arca, Empresa de Envases para el Tabaco (Tobacco Packaging Company) of this country.

As for the Most Visited Stand, the award was won by Comercial Iberoamericana and the Integral Communication Award went to the extra Cuban hotel company Palmares S.A.

During the words at the conclusion of the Fair, the co-president of the international corporation Habanos S.A., Inocente Nuñez, pointed out as a final fact that 260 exhibitors from 12 countries were present at the Commercial Fair of the Festival, a figure that surpasses previous editions.

The organizers qualified this meeting as the one with the highest attendance, and they hope that in the future the participation and interest of firms from all over the world will increase. The XXII edition of the Festival will take place from 24 to 28 February 2020 in this city as well.

Havana cigars are known by those who understand them as the best Premium cigar on the planet due to the triple condition of the soil, climate and experience of the producers.

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Secretary of Council of State says Cubans see themselves reflected in new Constitution

Havana, February 23(RHC)-- Homero Acosta, Secretary of the Council of State, said the people see themselves reflected in the country’s new Constitution, which they helped to write.

More than eight million Cubans are called to the polls this Sunday, February 24th to either ratify or reject the country’s new Magna Carta, which was approved by the National Assembly of People’s Power in late December.

Acosta, who is also a Cuban deputy, insisted that if ratified by the people, the new Magna Carta would be enforced, replacing the one enacted since 1976.

Nearly nine million Cubans on the island -- those serving abroad and Cubans residing abroad participated in the public debates -- contributed more than 700 thousand proposals for modifications, additions or eliminations, most of which were later included in the final version that will be submitted to Sunday’s referendum.

Edited by Jorge Ruiz Miyares

 

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What has Happened in Latin America? Understanding the Imperial Counteroffensive

With the essay "The imperial geopolitics of the development in Latin America: an overcome model?", Cuban researchers Yazmín Bárbara Vázquez Ortiz and Olga Rosa González Martínez, from the Center of Hemispheric Studies and the United States of Havana University have just won the International Prize of Essay Pensar a Contracorriente, in its XVI edition. With talked to them, to understand the imperial avalanche and reconquest in the region, as well as the chances for the left-wing to face this challenge. And we do this at a key moment: when threats of an armed intervention on behalf of the United States or of a fratricidal war, they are enraged with the Bolivarian Revolution of Venezuela.

Which are in bold strokes, the mechanisms that characterize the imperial geopolitical positioning in Latin America, from the perspective of the development?

Yazmín: To speak of the Model of Imperial Geopolitical of Development, we must specify, above all that it’s a group of mechanisms that work together, and have not just an economic nature. Although they include the Free Trade Treaties, the Aid Development Programs (with domestic scope like FORTAS and International like those of USAID), those mechanisms applied in the cultural dominance are also essential to understand the reach that have, in the field of dominance and political subversion, the model we are speaking about.

For example, the articulation of messages issued from the media, international consultant, think tanks, and international institutions like the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund, with more or less technical level have in two impact directions. The first one, to discredit the programs, the politics generated from governments or left-wing forces, those who think of a future of human and social development from the socialization of the wealth and power, with transformations that must be done to this purpose, in every geographic levels and structural dimensions and of needed social actions that are transformed in essential processes. The second, aimed at socializing and building up approval about alternative proposals to these on-line with the interests at heart of transnational capital and the imperial project of the United States government.

What’s striking about these action guidelines, especially the second one is the way to build approval that uses conceptions (what to understand by development), values (how to guide the individual behavior to achieve it), ideals (what project should the family and society bet to progress) which has as essential objective the dispute of senses for the cultural change. A process that has won over the symbols, speech, and practices that from the left-wing have shown capacity to mobilize society for the political change. Olguita may speak further on how a model of political communication for the cultural change have taken shape from the action of the aforementioned mechanisms and others, more aggressive that are in motion today.

That same way of acting, I assume has been toward the entire region, but taking into account particularities and specific objectives in each country. How has it been expressed especially against the progressive and liberating processes of the region, and among them, against the Bolivarian Revolution?

Yazmín: The particularity that has had the application of these mechanisms in countries with progressive and liberating processes has been, on one side, the insert of a series of instruments that hinder the realization of the development programs, as well as of politics set with this end and on the other hand, the combination of all these with those politics aimed at guaranteeing “the necessary political changes to access development.”

In the first case, beyond the media offensive to damage the reputation of the programs, plans and politics for the development, boycott processes,—economic war (like in Venezuela), the blockade (like in Cuba)—, juridical instruments have been set, sanctions with international reach, manipulation of international institutions, as they did to lower oil prices with OPEC. All of which seeks to create certain lacks of materials and other elements from which later the uneasiness is worked, along with the “need” of change and ideas on how to do it. Very similar to Danny Glover’s statements on the U.S. position towards Venezuela today: I create the problem, I attack you and then I will come to save you. Only that this salvation is designed and conditioned on the needs of the great capital to enter our economies and the United States guarantees an area of geopolitical support against China, Russia and the challenges they impose to the perpetuation of the imperial hegemony.

To the mechanisms that are already articulated to those mentioned seeking to guarantee “the necessary political changes to access development”, have been added those that are included in the promotion of security, as condition of development from the Initiatives for security deployed in the continent. From these last mechanisms it has been worked the criminalization of the social protest, to eliminate those they cannot convince, those who fight against transnationals and their expropriation processes. Likewise, the processes of “institutional strengthening” have worked through actions of “independent” attorney’s offices, in processes of judicialization of politics that invalidates left leaders like Lula, with chances of recovering the government, or the case of Cristina, Correa that during their time in office limited the capacity to expropriate the natural resources in the countries they governed and they impacted in their rescue for the social progress, with nationalizations.

Today we have corporations meddling in government functions and in the mechanisms of alleged integration as the Initiative for Prosperity and Security of the Northern Triangle. The corporation of politics is part of what promotes the Model of Imperial Geopolitics of Development, together with civic and community empowering, but only in the economic area, as labor force or entrepreneurs subordinate to the chains of global value.

A proposal where many and dissimilar actors participate: ranging from agencies and foundations of the United States, think tanks, churches, corporations, among other that act at territorial, national and regional level.

This process promotes since 2017, as part of the actions of the South Command in Latin America, Internet, the coordination of the mechanisms aforementioned by North American military forces. It’s part of the scheme applied in Venezuela in an attempt to create approval to legitimate the intervention for the national political change.

After studying this phenomenon, what do you think the left-wing in Latin America can do to face and overcome this challenge?

Olguita: I don’t intend this to be a unique answer neither to offer a recipe, I believe the most important thing is that the left-wing comes together, that works in block that makes a balance of its mistakes and that elaborates projections in different areas. Latin America has proven in the last few years that it’s not just reaching the government via elections. It’s about once the Executive Power is attain a process of revolutionary radicalization must occur in the broadest sense of the word. Like Che Guevara said, “the enemy must not be given an inch”. There are spaces that cannot be given freely, it’s necessary to speak to people, to work with the lowest ranks, in the neighborhoods, to speak face to face. The media is important, social media are useful, but the space within the community cannot be lost, there is where the right-wing and the United States have been working hard. Everyone who is strategically thinking of its future should go beyond the debate of public policies and include all the actors who influence in the creation of approval and the mobilization.

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We remain committed to a possible better world and we believe that the basis of that desire is education

Speech by Miguel M. Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, President of the Councils of State and Ministers, at the closing of the 2019 International Pedagogy Congress, Havana International Conference Center, February 8, 2019, “Year 61 of the Revolution”

I believe that La Colmenita has moved us all, it excited Sosita, we are all thrilled, and it is good that educators do not lose that ability to be moved, because when we get excited, we are able to inspire our students (Applause).

Dear educators, representatives of international organizations;

Ministers participating in the 2019 Pedagogy event;

Colleagues from around the world (Applause and exclamations of: “Thank you!”):

First of all, our congratulations to the best teacher-researchers of our country. (Applause)

When I was invited to close this event, I asked myself what to say to you, how to honor the work of the founders of this gathering, one of the broadest, most diverse and most popular educational events in the world.

How to summarize precisely, when today we need so even more, the dialogue that for so many years the participants in this Pedagogy Congress held with our Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz, educator of the masses, and with comrade José Ramón Fernández, educator of educators. (Applause)

But it has been enough for me to be twice among you over these days to sense their presence. Not only because you mention them or quote their words, but because in the program and in what I have been able to learn of the different symposia, workshops and meetings, the great motivation remains alive and active: the unity of educators. Not only Latin Americans or Ibero-Americans. Educators, such a beautiful word, which means so much.

A quick review of the history of these events reminds us that when they began, the decision to unite for a better world took precedence over all others, an idea that has prevailed over time. Then, you fought against the criminal foreign debt that asphyxiated our peoples, cutting educational budgets in most of the sister nations of the continent. And educators of the region came en masse, not only to gather experiences, but also to bring and share solidarity, which is the most beautiful and useful expression of unity.

It is very difficult to forget the magnitude of the first, and the following encounters, which became extraordinary events for the capital, for its schools visited by delegates, and for all Cuba, a country that cannot be ignored when it comes to education, literacy, teacher training, solidary cooperation, progress and shared practices.

With the accumulated experience of 15 previous encounters, you have now focused on the universal agenda directed toward the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal which is aimed to “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.”

I would say that here are the best conditions to interpret, thoroughly analyze and make practicable that ideal.

The 60-year history of the Cuban Revolution vouches for that truth, almost like a mathematical axiom. The first step was the Literacy Campaign. Just two years after the revolutionary triumph, Cuba was declared a Territory Free of Illiteracy.

Then came the battle for the sixth and ninth grades, which drove enrollment in worker-campesino schools, to complete the upper middle educational level among workers.

Today we have one of the highest averages of university graduates – 21% of the total population of the country – of Latin America and the Caribbean, and much of the world.

This strength led us to promote and extend our cooperation with the entire Third World, creating literacy programs in our language and in indigenous languages.

And, logically, an event such as this needed to be born and grow, capable of showing and sharing the best experiences – with respect for the diversity and identity of each nation – that among Cuban educators has generated an extraordinary movement from schools, fostering creativity, innovation, experimentation, research and exchanges among them and their colleagues in the world.

As had been said more than once, the Pedagogy Congress is the most important scientific event of the Cuban teaching profession.

And it is also an inexhaustible source of solidarity among our peoples, with expressions of great political and social commitment in each concrete historic moment. The final declarations of each edition attest to what I say.

On Fidel’s passing, a young Cuban singer-songwriter, Raúl Torres, created a song that is like an anthem for Cubans. Although its title is “Cabalgando con Fidel” (Riding with Fidel), many call it “Los agradecidos” (The Grateful), because thus the poet defines those of us who haven’t stopped thinking of him and defending his ideas.

Among the grateful of all professions, are Cuban educators. (Applause). They, you, like Fidel, know that we have much to achieve, and that all that we do for the dissemination of the knowledge that humanity has accumulated over centuries will never be enough. A lifetime is not sufficient to learn everything. Nor to teach everything.

Photo: Endrys Correa Vaillant

The merit is in the struggle, to always advance further, not being stopped by the obstacles. The case of this Pedagogy Congress can be cited as an example. Not even in the toughest years of the economic crisis of the 1990s, did these gatherings for the unity of educators cease to be held.

The Pedagogy Congress is the voice of the grateful in Education, of those who work for more and better access to knowledge, aware of what we are lacking, but also conscious of just how much we must defend, save and perfect.

Cuba, in recent months, has become a gigantic Constituent Assembly, on taking our new Constitution to a popular debate, prior to a Referendum, for which on February 24 we will vote Yes en masse, without a doubt.

Teachers and students of all levels are among the segments of the population that discussed with greater depth and enthusiasm the changes and new formulations for our Magna Carta.

I believe that this is due to the fact that, despite the criminal blockade that is being tightened, the financial limitations that hit us and delay the fulfillment of many of our dreams, the Cuban state has ratified, once again, its responsibility in terms of the absolutely free nature of education, from preschool to the conclusion of an undergraduate degree. And even more: to guarantee schools and full employment for graduate teachers at any level. This is something that surprises and is admired by many of our visitors. And it is simply a right, together with that of health, to which the Revolution devotes the largest budgets, as these are universal human rights and fundamental to our Martí inspired ideal of “conquering all justice.” (Applause)

Without any chauvinism, I feel that Cuba has long guaranteed that “inclusive and equitable quality education and promotes lifelong learning opportunities for all,” something that unfortunately remains an aspiration for many countries.

And the new Constitution reinforces all these concepts, is at the forefront of the most progressive trends in the world, and aspires to more, particularly in terms of quality, as the more educated and better informed people are, not only are they freer, as Martí stated, but they demand more.

Education and culture have the power to expand the horizons of knowledge infinitely. The desire to learn grows in as far as knowledge does.

In the coming months, two new special schools for children with physical and motor disabilities should be inaugurated, stemming from an idea of our First Party Secretary, Army General Raúl Castro Ruz, who was strongly impressed after his recent visit to an emblematic school of Cuban education.

The “Solidarity with Panama” school, inaugurated by Fidel 30 yeas ago, with all its facilities and services available to children with serious physical and motor disabilities who, nonetheless, achieve impressive development of skills and knowledge, thanks to Special Education, will very soon have the company of similar institutions, strengthened in specialties such as Vocational, Artistic and Scientific Education.

We are also immersed in the repair of those schools damaged by the devastating tornado that hit five municipalities of Havana on the eve of Martí’s birthday. And we have proposed to rebuild them even more beautiful and with better facilities for the education of their students. (Applause)

At the same time, the more than 300 teachers from those areas, who were affected to some degree, and yet did not abandon their teaching responsibilities, must be recognized, encouraged, and supported. (Applause)

The extraordinary solidary spirit of our people, the very values that Cuban education shapes, with all its imperfections, which we recognize and constantly criticize, has allowed us to break records in recovery times of basic services.

I believe we owe much to the emphasis that our education places on history, and on its most prestigious protagonists. We are in a period of patriotic commemorations for the 150 years of the beginning of the independence wars, and the 60th anniversary of the revolutionary triumph of 1959.

Our young people know, even though they didn’t live it, that Cuba suffered 60 years of dependence on and neocolonial subjugation to the United States. The Revolution, in that same period, 60 years, has erased its consequences of profound inequality, racism, elitist education and exclusion. But schools have a duty to maintain that awareness in each generation that is educated in our classrooms.

We defend and exalt historical memory, culture and identity as a shield of sovereignty, “so that our children will not have to beg on bended knee, for the homeland which their forefathers won for us on their feet,” as Rubén Martínez Villena said, a young Cuban poet and revolutionary of the 1930s.

The current technologies have imposed new communication codes, and we are committed to their knowledge and healthy, critical, creative use.

Fidel was the first to realize the value of the Internet to truly democratize communications. He said that it appeared as if created for revolutionaries, due to the ability to spread messages at a negligible cost and with an infinite reach.

But he also warned us of the risks of plunging into the oceans of information of the Network of Networks, without the necessary knowledge and critical awareness to use it without being used.

The greatest and most serious problems of the world today are settled in this immense network, that connects us subtly or openly, and it is necessary to confront such scenarios with sufficient knowledge to avoid being objects at the service of the worst interests, or uncritical subjects of an environment that compromises even the survival of the species.

Back to schools. Without them, the most wonderful instrument of human intelligence would be just a useless toy, or a mirror to satisfy vanity. With them, with the tools that they contribute and the critical awareness that they shape, a better world will be possible in a shorter time.

In her opening remarks, Minister Ena Elsa Velásquez spoke to you of the four pillars on which government management is built. The fundamental aspect is the connection with the people, and addressing their problems and demands, appealing to the participation of all, and the search for more than one alternative solution, in a permanent exercise of communication.

For this management to be effective, it is necessary to apply knowledge in depth, in the use of new technologies, and we are committed to this with the talent and contributions of our technical schools and our universities. But, at the same time, we defend an education that informs students of the political complexities of today’s world, of the causes and origins of conflicts, the interventionist and overwhelming vocation of empires, and the right of the peoples to defend their dignity and sovereignty, as well as to value integration among nations of a similar composition, development, and interests, as a destiny essential to survival.

That knowledge is what makes us despise wars, defend just causes, practice solidarity with those who suffer, resist and overcome all forms of punishment that they attempt to impose on us for trying to forge our own path.

Under that conviction, we consider any scenario as useful to demand respect for International Law, non-interference or intervention in Venezuela (Applause), an end to the blockade and the threats against Cuba and sister nations like Venezuela and Nicaragua. (Applause)

In a text that every educator of our lands should know —“Maestros ambulantes” (Itinerant Teachers) — José Martí said: “Men need someone to stir their compassion often, and cause their tears to flow, and to give their souls the supreme benefit of feeling generous; through a marvelous law of natural compensation, he who gives of himself grows, and he who turns inward and lives from small pleasures, is afraid to share them with others, and only thinks avariciously of cultivating his appetites, loses his humanity and becomes loneliness itself. He carries in his breast all the dreariness of winter. He becomes in fact and appearance an insect.

“(...) Men grow, they grow physically and visibly, when they learn something, when they begin to possess something, and when they have done some good.

“Only fools or egoists talk of misfortune. Happiness exists on earth, and it is won through prudent exercise of reason, knowledge of the harmony of the universe, and constant practice of generosity.”

He wrote this in May 1884, but they are words that have the value of eternity, like almost everything we know about Martí.

Compañeras and compañeros:

I allow myself to approach these words to thank you for your presence here, your contributions to Cuban, Latin American and universal education. To express our permanent willingness to cooperate and exchange experiences and knowledge. To confirm that in Pedagogy, as in the Cuban Revolution, there is no rupture, there is continuity. (Applause)

We remain committed to a possible better world and we believe that the basis of that desire is education.

Thank you very much for making it possible every day.

See you at the next Pedagogy event! (Ovation)

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