Cuba supports Nicaragua at UN

The Cuban Permanent Representative in Geneva, Pedro Luis Pedroso Cuesta, rejected today the meddling and interventionist policy fostered by the United States against the sovereignty, self-determination and constitutional order of the Republic of Nicaragua, according to a press release published on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.

Speaking at the Interactive Dialogue on the situation of human rights in Nicaragua, as part of the 42nd ordinary session of the Human Rights Council, Pedroso Cuesta also confirmed Cuban support for the Nicaraguan government and people in their decision to continue defending their sovereignty, peace, the significant social, economic, security and national unity advances achieved.

The Ambassador also stressed that respect for sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity, the right to people' self-determination and the resolution of conflicts through diplomatic channels should not only be a priority, but also a point of reference in the work of the Office and in the projection of Member States.

"Constructive and respectful dialogue and true cooperation in the human rights field must be at the center of the Office's work and the guide for its staff's work," Pedroso Cuesta said.

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Nicaraguans and Cubans Celebrate 40 Years of Diplomatic Relations

Managua, Jul 22 (Prensa Latina) A party that combined pure Cuban flavor, with music and gastronomy as main ingredients, became the celebration of the 40th anniversary of restoring diplomatic relations between Nicaragua and the Caribbean nation.

The populous Puerto Salvador Allende, the major recreational complex in the country located on the shores of Lake Xolotlan, was the scene of the fraternal meeting of the Cuban residents in Nicaragua and the only friends of the Caribbean country.

Tony Guzman y su Poder Latino orchestra, which since early July has made an extensive tour of Nicaragua, put dancing many people with anthological songs of the Cuban national repertoire.

Cuban cuisine was present with the typical roast suckling pig, accompanied by yuca with mojo and congris rice, emblematic dishes and very popular in Nicaragua.

Cuban ambassador Juan Carlos Hernandez highlighted the fact that just one week and one day after the triumph of the Sandinista Popular Revolution, both countries made official, with the resumption of the diplomatic relations, the historic bonds of friendship between the peoples of Jose Marti and Ruben Dario.

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Cuban First VP: We come to pay tribute to Sandino

We have come to pay tribute to Sandino, Carlos Fonseca Amador and the leaders who made Nicaragua's independence possible, said Salvador Valdés Mesa, First Vice-President of the Councils of State and Ministers, on his arrival in Managua, the capital of that Central American country.

At the head of a delegation that also includes Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla, member of the Political Bureau and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Juan Carlos Hernández Padrón, Cuban ambassador to Nicaragua, Valdés Mesa will participate in the celebrations for the 40th anniversary of the triumph of the Sandinista Revolution, which will be commemorated this Friday.

The cubaminrex website reported that upon his arrival at the Augusto C. Sandino international airport, the First Vice President of Cuba indicated that he had come on behalf of the Communist Party of Cuba, the Government and our people to convey the greeting and recognition for an event of such significance, which brought Nicaragua so much sovereignty, freedom and independence.

He expressed his hope that this Central American country will continue to advance along a path of opportunities and satisfaction for the Nicaraguan people.

He recalled that next Saturday will also be the 40th anniversary of the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Cuba and Nicaragua.

The bilateral relations that we have maintained have been of a long friendship and solidarity, he added.
This date so significant for you and us will be an important occasion to continue deepening these special relations, concluded the Cuban First Vice President.

In the program for this date, the Cuban delegation laid a floral offering before the mausoleum that holds the remains of the three founders of the Sandinista National Liberation Front: Carlos Fonseca Amador, Santos López and Tomás Borge.

In the last two years, Cuba and Nicaragua have signed eight cooperation agreements in sectors such as education, tourism, trade, culture and communication, which have contributed to the strengthening of bilateral relations.

At the end of last school year, 4,630 Nicaraguans had graduated from Cuba, of whom 1,359 were doctors; 79 students from that Central American nation are currently studying undergraduate and graduate studies in Cuba.

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Blood of Augusto Sandino Runs Through Nicaragua's Veins: Ortega

Sandino's extraordinary feat of arms showed his countrymen the strength of a small, dedicated, guerrilla army when facing a goliath like the U.S.

The blood of Augusto C. Sandino runs through the veins of Nicaragua, said President Daniel Ortega on the 124th anniversary of the nation’s 20th-century hero’s birth.

RELATED: Nicaragua Asks Opposition to Respect Peace Talks

"The Nicaraguan people raised the red and black flag to rescue the blue and white flag of the homeland — which had been sold to the Yankee invaders — so it would fly high for the homeland yesterday and always," said Ortega.

A parade of grateful Nicaraguans stood outside the town of Niquinohomo where Sandino was born. Ortega reminded onlookers of the nation’s turbulent history between 1927 and 1933 when Nicaraguans and guerrilla militants fought “hand in hand” against the U.S. interventionists, imperialism, and racial oppression.

"The defense of a country’s sovereignty is the defense of the conditions to continue the battle against poverty and the exclusion of rights," the president said.

Vice President Rosario Murillo also said a few words, encouraging citizens to help keep Sandino’s “immortal legacy of courage and dignity” through “hard work for better health and education programs.”

The new National Production Plan is "a way to honor Sandino, who always had the Nicaraguan countryside in mind, with the production of more food to guarantee national consumption and exports, but also to fundamentally improve the lives of Nicaraguan families," she added.

Sandino was assassinated by the national guard in 1934, but not before inspiring thousands of Nicaraguans to found the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in his honor and memory. The party was pivotal to the destruction of a brutal 40-year dictatorship, which came to an end in 1979.

Sandino's extraordinary feat of arms showed his countrymen the strength of a small, dedicated, guerrilla army when facing a goliath like the U.S. and what a band of impassioned soldiers can do to change history and the fate of a nation.

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Luis Almagro Calls for Foreign Intervention in Nicaragua Again

“We have an opportunity to work alongside each other against authoritarian regimes,” the OAS secretary general said.

Even over the holidays things didn’t calm down for Nicaragua. During the break the Secretary General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, has tried to begin proceedings against Nicaragua under the Inter-American Decmocratic Charter. He cited Article 20 of the Charter, which states it can be activated when a “member state produces an alteration in the constitutional order that seriously harms democratic order” (see here for a typical report on the story, which was taken from Associated Press coverage).

Nicaragua’s Foreign Minister Denis Moncada responded immediately, writing to his fellow ministers in the OAS. He said: “The Inter-American Democratic Charter does not empower Secretary General Luis Almagro to support coup groups against the State and the legally constituted Government of Nicaragua, as Luis Almagro has done in violation of the Charter of the OAS.”

A full radio interview with Denis Moncada is available here on a U.S. public radio station.

The aim of the move by Almagro is not to expel Nicaragua from the OAS (though that is possible), but to speed up the sanctions against Nicaragua proposed by the United States in the recently signed off NICA Act.

Nicaragua clashed with Almagro earlier this autumn, when the OAS secretary general called for military intervention in Venezuela. His remarks came days after U.S. Senator Marco Rubio (who has been the main cheerleader for the Nicaraguan opposition during the attempted coup) called for military action to remove President Maduro, and also called for the international community to “asphixiate the dictatorsip which is being installed in Nicaragua” (see here).

Almagro’s remarks were widely condemned, even as he tried to say he had been misquoted. However he still drew criticism for his increasingly hawkish views (see here for a response from the OAS Ambassador from Antigua and Barbuda – No Vigilante Action in the Americas).

The Nicaraguan opposition visited Washington this autumn after Almagro’s military intervention. Violeta Granera, an ex-vice presidential candidate with the PLI and a former minister in the Bolanos Government 2000-7, joined fellow Liberal Jose Pallais (a former deputy foreign minister during the Chamorro Government 1990-97) to lobby Alamagro to activate the Democratic Charter (see here).

The pair are no strangers to Almagro, or indeed in calling for the activation of the Democratic Charter. In 2016, three days before the presidential elections which Daniel Ortega won with over 70 percent of the vote, the pair travelled to Washington to meet with Almagro. On his return Jose Pallais said their dialogue with the OAS was “the first step before the activation’ of the Democratic Charter” (see here).

The OAS meeting will take place next week. Almagro’s call can expect support from Trump’s United States and the Brazilian government led by President Jair Bolsonaro, widely described as a fascist. The U.S. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, travelled to Brazil on January 2 to attend Bolsanaro’s inauguration.

Their agenda, and indeed the agenda of Almagro, is clear. Pompeo said Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua were countries that do not share the democratic values that unite the United States and Brazil. “We have an opportunity to work alongside each other against authoritarian regimes,” he said at a news conference (see here).

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Nicaragua's FM Continues Diplomatic Visit to the Caribbean

Saint John, Jan 4 (Prensa Latina) Nicaragua's Foreign Minister, Denis Moncada, is continuing Friday his diplomatic visit to the Caribbean with high-level meetings in Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.

The visit will conclude on Saturday, January 5, and will include six other countries in the region.

Moncada visited Haiti on Thursday and talked with his counterpart, Bocchit Edmond, about issues of interest between both governments.

During his brief stay in Antigua and Barbuda and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, the FM will talk to Prime Ministers Gaston Browne and Ralph Gonzalves, respectively, official sources said.

The other countries to visit are Grenada, Dominica and St. Kitts and Nevis and include high-level diplomatic meetings to discuss mutually beneficial matters.

The Nicaraguan Foreign Minister will conclude the visit in Trinidad and Tobago on Saturday, where he will be hosted by his counterpart, Denis Moses.

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Nicaragua Brands as Illegal Attempts to Apply OAS Democratic Charter

Managua, Jan 3 (Prensa Latina) Nicaragua has accused OAS Secretary General Luis Almagro of illegally maneuvering to attempt to apply the organization''s Democratic Charter to this Central American nation.

In a letter to his Latin American and Caribbean peers, Nicaragua's Foreign Minister Denis Moncada has denounced Almagro's moves to promote the application of article 20 of the charter against a constitutional and legally-elected government 'are unprecedented, illegal, without legal basis and contravenes the very same Inter-American Democratic Charter and the Charter of the Organization of American States'.

Moncada recalls the Democratic Charter was conceived as a means of restoring democratically elected governments and a mechanism against coup d'état and the deposition by force of democratically elected leaders. And stressed this is not the case of Nicaragua.

In Nicaragua, the democratically elected legitimate authority is the Government of Reconciliation and National Unity, led by President Daniel Ortega, underlines the Foreign Minister.

It was elected in 2016, for the period 2017-2021, with the favorable vote of 72.44 percent of Nicaraguan voters, through free universal and internationally supervised voting, and enjoys the recognition of the international community, the letter adds.

The FM further emphasizes the Democratic Charter is respectful of the principles of non-intervention, sovereignty, self-determination and the prior consent of the affected government to activate it.

'These requirements are being illegally, maliciously and perversely ignored by Secretary General Luis Almagro against the people of Nicaragua and their democratic, legal and legitimate government,' Moncada insists.

The Nicaraguan Government asserts the OAS Secretary General 'is not authorized under the current circumstances of our country to request the immediate and urgent convening of the Permanent Council based on Article 20 of the Inter-American Democratic Charter.'

It also calls on OAS Member States 'not to allow or support these unfounded actions that affect peace, stability and friendly cooperation between our peoples and governments.'

Minister Moncada recalls that as of April 2018, opposition sectors, sponsored and financed from abroad, launched a series of acts of terrorism through assassinations, kidnappings, torture, damage and burning of public and private property, obstruction and destruction of roads and highways.

All with the purpose -he adds- of destroying the constitutional order of the country, causing a rupture of the democratic order to force a de-facto change of government, constituting this an attempted coup d'état that affected peace, security and the stability of the Nicaraguan people.

Such actions have been neutralized by the government of Nicaragua, that continues to function normally, Moncada assures.

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2019 Starts with Intense Exchange between Cuba and Nicaragua

Managua, Jan 1 (Prensa Latina) The year of 2019 has started with an intense exchange between Cuba and Nicaragua, a stage that will undoubtedly strengthen bilateral relations even more, Cuban Ambassador to Nicaragua Juan Carlos Hernandez said.

In January, the head of the Nicaraguan Institute of Culture, Luis Morales, will participate in the event For the balance of the World, which will take place in Havana; while young people from Nicaragua will be part of the 1st Central American Solidarity Brigade with Cuba, the diplomat added.

We know about the attendance of prestigious professionals from education at Pedagogy 2019, scheduled from February 4 to 8 at Havana's Convention Center, Hernandez pointed out. Another action is the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, a series of tributes coordinated by the Presidency of the Republic, with the direct participation of President Daniel Ortega and Vice President Rosario Murillo, the ambassador noted.

On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the triumph of the Cuban Revolution on Monday, the Sandinista leaders sent a message of congratulations to the Cuban government and people, reiterated hours later by President Ortega in his televised message to the entire country for the end of the year.

Special ties unite us with Nicaragua, explained the Cuban diplomat, not only the permanent solidarity since the triumph of the Sandinista Revolution, but they go back to the 19th century, in times of Jose Marti and Ruben Dario, two exceptional men who were treated with great respect. When Nicaragua was shaken by an earthquake in 1972, Cuba offered its selfless help although Nicaragua was ruled by Dictator Somoza, the same who sold arms to Fulgencio Batista's regime and lent its territory as a base of operations for the mercenary invasion on Bay of Pigs (Playa Giron) in 1961.

The benefits of such important relationship, said Hernandez, are evident in more than 1,200 Nicaraguans who have graduated from the Latin American School of Medicine, and professionals graduated from other Cuban universities in several specialties. We must not forget that the support provided by Cuban personnel to the National Literacy Crusade after the triumph of the Revolution in 1979 was crucial, also after the return of Sandinismo to power in 2007 with the methods Yes I Can and I Can Follow, recalled the Cuban diplomat.

Finally, he recalled Operation Miracle, which gave back vision to millions of people in Nicaragua and other countries around the world.

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