Art Instructors, the 15 Year-old Waltz

Making it massive, to share, to promote, to create are some of the words for this celebration and the topic: The best of Cuban culture...

The objective of art instructors, the amateur movement, the Culture Houses, are present in the Speech to Intellectuals given by the leader of the Cuban Revolution in date as early as 1961:

“… One of the Revolution’s fundamental purposes is to develop art and culture, in fact so that art and culture become a true patrimony of the people.

Just like we have wanted for the people a better life regarding material things, we also want for the people a better life in the spiritual realm, we want for the people a better life in the field of culture. Just as the revolution is concerned about the development of conditions and the strengths that allow the people the satisfaction of all their material needs, we also want to develop the conditions that allow the people the satisfaction of all their cultural needs.”

It’s easy to recognize that very feeling in the optimism with which Fidel welcomed the second graduation of the schools of instructors that he encouraged in the beginnings of the third millennium:

“It’s amazing the path that opens up toward the training of sensibility and appreciation of arts among the youngest and towards the ambitious purpose of creating a massive and comprehensive general culture in our people.

“A culture that is not only artistic, but also historical, scientific, economic, geographical, environmental and in the most diverse fields of knowledge, with a deep humanist meaning.”

It’s in fact to instruct, of training the aesthetic pleasure, the artistic sensibility of Cubans, it’s to elevate to the maximum the critic capacity to tell apart between banality and art, between vulgarity and creation, thus was created the José Martí Brigade of Art Instructors, an idea born from Fidel that in 2019 will reach its 15th anniversary.

What are we going to dance in that party? Hopefully, rumba and mambo and the Waltz of Butterflies no wonder we had Lecuona and everything that’s good and beautiful that we Cubans have been able to create, the wonderful heritage we have amassed for centuries, before portable speakers came into fashion and certain sectors forgot that what’s national, and authentic transcends and becomes universal.

Once again in Cuba we bet for the amateur movement, the workshops at Culture Houses, the visualization of groups displaying authentic Cuban features, facilities are remodeled and reviving the true Cuban essence is paramount. It’s urgent.

The challenge is to make massive the best of the Cuban culture, the treasure of our authentic groups, and the repertoire of creations that have grown in this country where talent is widespread.

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Vietnam Inaugurates Fidel Castro Square

Hanoi, Sep 15 (Prensa Latina) As a symbol of the friendship between Vietnam and Cuba, forged in times of war and peace, a square that bears the name of Fidel Castro was inaugurated in the city of Dong Ha.

Senior leaders of the two countries also unveiled there a bronze bust of whoever was a fervent contributor and admirer of Vietnam's heroic deed for independence and reunification.

Fidel Castro felt an enormous admiration and affection for this people and a great respect for President Ho Chi Minh, said the First Vice President of Cuba, Salvador Valdes, at the opening ceremony.

This square is a monument to the fraternity between the two countries and a reaffirmation of the common will to strengthen our political, economic and cooperation relations, said the also member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC).

The president of the Popular Committee (government) of the province, Nguyen Duc Chinh, stressed that the esplanade is open just 45 years after Fidel Castro passed through Quang Tri (its capital is Dong Ha), the first line of fire in the fight for independence.

During his visit in September 1973, the then Cuban Prime Minister became the first and only statesman who during the war crossed Parallel 17 and was in Quang Tri, even under the threat of U.S. bombing.

Valdes was accompanied by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Marcelino Medina; the director of Asia and Oceania of the Foreign Ministry, Alberto Blanco; Ambassador Lianys Torres, and senior leaders of the PCV and those two countries.

In all the meetings, the hosts highlighted that Fidel's visit in 1973 marked a milestone in the exemplary relations of fraternity and cooperation between the two countries.

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Why is there a single party in Cuba?

Excerpt from speech by Comandante en Jefe Fidel Castro Ruz closing the National Assembly of People’s Power Third Legislature’s 10th period of ordinary sessions.

Multiparty systems are imperialism’s great tool to keep societies fragmented, divided in a thousand pieces; making societies incapable of solving problems and defending their interests.

A country divided in ten pieces is the perfect country to dominate, to subjugate, because the nation is without will, since the will of the nation is divided in many fragments; the strength of the nation is divided in many fragments; all intelligence is divided; and what it has is a constant, interminable battle among parts of the society.

A Third World country cannot afford this luxury. Actually many do give themselves this luxury, clearly for quite a while they have, and for quite a while a large part have been subjugated and dominated.

Clearly, for a society that must confront the problems of underdevelopment and develop under the difficult conditions for development existent in today’s world, unity is essential…

… Thus I have the most profound conviction that the existence of one party is, and must be, for a long historical period - no one can predict how long – the form of political organization of our society.

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In the 92nd Anniversary of his Birth: Fidel, a World Paradigm

He is outstanding for his exemplary conduct and intelligence, firmness and dedication to work, his ethical, human and solidary behavior, his vision of the world.

That afternoon of August 13th, 2016 a collective question rose at Karl Marx Theater: Will the Commander in Chief arrive? It was his 90th birthday and the children company La Colmenita had organized a great party in his honor.

Only a few more minutes before the beginning of the when the entire audience began to chant watchwords about his figure. Maybe he thought - in the simplicity and modesty he always showed - that it would have been disrespectful not to thank a gesture like that to the young artists.

Accompanied by Raúl, president Maduro and his wife Cilia, Fidel appeared smiling, proud of that childhood for whose rights he had always fought.

Today, exactly after two years, and for many is still among us the undefeated Commander in Chief, the man who rallied multitudes seeking a dream, woke up the conscience of a people and led it to the final victory.

In Fidel are reunited the freedom ideas of the martyrs of the Homeland, from Varela, Luz y Caballero, Maceo, and Martí. In the lives of each of these men – as well as so many others who even gave up their lives – is the root and foundation of everything he did for a nation free and sovereign.

His personal example and intelligence, his determination and dedication to work, the ethics, human and solidary behavior, his vision of the world, made of him a world paradigm.

For those who dreamt a different Cuba after his decease, the current road and domestic development is the expression that when ideas and principles are fair, they last in time. Consequently the current historical continuity of the Revolution.

His long speeches are astonishing and later his deep reflections. The climate, the grounds, agriculture, health, education, culture, politics. What didn’t Fidel know about? His wisdom was, truly amazing and, at the same time, he knew that it was necessary to speak to the people, to explain and support any idea, regardless how insignificant it seemed.

For all that, a better date could not have been chosen to begin in Cuba the process of popular consultation for the Draft of the Constitution of the Republic, approved last July 21st and 22nd, during the First ordinary meeting of the National Assembly in its IX Legislature.

In the Main Report to the First Congress of the Party, which Fidel presented in his condition as first secretary of his Central Committee, as far back as year 1975, appeared essentials on the new Constitution, the one which was later approved in February 1976.

"Today we need a socialist Constitution that meets the characteristics of our society, with the social conscience, the ideological convictions and goals of our people. A Constitution that reflects the general laws of the society we build, the deep economic, social and political transformations done by the Revolution and the historical achievements conquered by our people. A Constitution in short that summarizes what we are today and that helps us reach what we want to be tomorrow."

The strength of such words leads us to ratify the foresight of his ideas, his experience and political commitment. On top of that idea we must place his concept of Revolution, a worthy legacy for the everyday life of all Cubans.

The idea "I am Fidel", was born in the heat of a collective feeling, he is present in each Cuban that admires his spotless behavior and personal example. The historical leader planted ideas and principles that right now have the duty and responsibility of pushing forward.

The President of the Councils of State and Secretaries, Miguel Díaz-Canel Bermúdez, has inherited the ideas of Marti, and Fidel, revolutionary and patriot, and the Cubans who today trusts that he would know how to lead our nation explicitly, convinced of the legitimacy and fairness of the cause for which the youths of the Generation of the Centennial fought lead by Fidel.

“We will be faithful to Fidel Castro's legacy, historical leader of the Revolution, and also the example, value and teachings of Raúl Castro, current leader of the revolutionary process", highlighted Díaz-Canel during his first speech before the National Assembly of People’s Power, when assuming the presidency of the Republic in April this year.

August 13th the undefeated Commander in Chief won't be physically among us. For that reason our best homage - indeed - will be to participate and intervene with solid arguments in the scheduled meetings to carry out the popular consultation on the Draft of Cuba’s New Constitution, in an attempt to improve what has been achieved in all these years of Revolution, what was his greatest work.

Venezuela Celebrates 92nd Anniversary of Fidel Castro's Birth

Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro, together with his people commemorate the 92nd anniversary of Fidel Castro''s birth (1926-2016), and described him as the giant of the Cuban Revolution.

Through the social network Twitter, the head of state reported that Fidel dedicated his life to the defense of peoples oppressed by US imperialism.

'The Bolivarian Homeland commemorates the 92th anniversary of the birth of Commander Fidel Castro. The giant of the Cuban Revolution. His entire life was dedicated to the struggle against US imperialism to free the yoke of the peoples of the world 'Fidel is alive', the Fight Continues! ', Wrote the president in the digital platform.

It meant that the Cuban leader not only made his country a socialist and sovereign state, leading the health and education rates in the region, but also dedicated his life to the unity of the underdeveloped countries.

Maduro emphasized that Fidel dedicated his political career to the protection of the environment, peace, self-determination of the people and the persistent fight against the desire of interference of the United States authority until his physical departure on November 25, 2016.

On the other hand, to remember the validity of Fidel and Hugo Chávez (1954-2013) thought, the Venezuela-Cuba Friendship and Mutual Solidarity Movement will develop in this capital on Tuesday, August 14 an International Colloquium.

The meeting will address the contributions of both leaders to the unity and independence of Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as the need to strengthen the ideological and conceptual bases of the struggles for the definitive emancipation of the countries of the region.

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Dominican Digital Journal Honors Fidel Castro in His 92 Birthday

A heartfelt homage under the title ''The legendary Fidel Castro'' pays tribute to the leader of the Cuban Revolution for his 92nd birthday this Sunday in the Dominican digital daily Hoy.

In a leading article signed by Manuel Cruz, the publication considers that it would be a kind of culturicide against historiography not to write and to highlight every August 13 the birth of Fidel Castro, who must be called a legendary and immortal figure.

The author states that a large part of the nations of the world, still differentiated by their cultures and with greater prominence in Latin America, have agreed to immortalize and value their great men in their rightful dimension, such as the Cuban leader.

Fidel, the newspaper recalls, who from that July 26, 1953 after the assault on the Moncada garrison made it clear he had decided to write his future with indelible ink in the history books, was already part of the history and anonymous hero of the Dominican people, after risking his life at the age of 21 trying to overthrow the dictator Leonidas Trujillo in the so-called Cayo Confites expedition of 1947.

But it was after the landing at Granma in 1956 that Fidel really became not only a giant but also a true leader who, at the age of 30 and 12 men, survived the defeat at Alegria de Pio.

He was able to keep alive the morale, the spirit and the courage to fight against 80,000 soldiers of the army of the dictator Fulgencio Batista, until the triumph of the revolution was achieved, the article adds.

This August 13, the article concludes, the birthday of a legendary life is celebrated when it is more than proved that it is the man with his dedication, his ability and his actions, who finally disposes, and that Fidel's greatness surpasses the fine thread of our ideas and beliefs.

Eternal glory, respect and great admiration for the greatest statesman of the 20th century, and immortal for his ideas. Long live Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz.

  • Published in Culture

Fidel Castro and the Moncada Program

This August 13 will mark 92 years since the birth of the historical leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro (1926-2016), a date that these days invites to reflect on the legacy of a man committed to the just causes.

The Revolution led by Fidel Castro has had among its pillars the social focus, benefiting millions of Cubans condemned to exclusion by capitalism, a change projected in the Moncada Program, a document presented long before the triumph of January 1, 1959.

After the joy of triumph and before the incredulous gaze of the enemies, the revolutionary process in Cuba, articulated by Fidel Castro, set in motion the necessary social transformation.

When they entered Havana, on that memorable January 8, the rebels met with various factions within the forces that had supported the Revolution. That was, according to official historiography, the first challenge they faced.

In one of his first speeches, he said: 'Tyranny has been overthrown. The joy is immense. And yet, much remains to be done.' In that same message, he warned the Cuban people that 'perhaps everything will be more difficult in the future.'

'Telling the truth is the first duty of every revolutionary. Deceiving the people, waking up deceitful illusions, would always bring the worst consequences, and I believe that we have to warn people against excessive optimism,' he said.

With the political forces together - members of the Revolutionary Directorate, of the Socialist Party, the peasants and workers - Fidel implemented the first revolutionary measures that marked the destiny of the nation.

From his position as Prime Minister of the revolutionary cabinet, he spoke to the people about economic liberation and land reform that would be the axis of the changes that were coming. This was included in the book History of Cuba (1959-1999).

The authors of the volume, the historians José Cantón and Arnaldo Silva, stressed that before resigning the position of Prime Minister, Fidel announced other measures such as the creation of an agency to resolve the issue of housing.

The popular clamor made him return to the position of Prime Minister in a ceremony on July 26. At that time, he was aware that the process to achieve an independent Cuba, economically and politically, should be strengthened.

They destroyed the archaic institutional apparatuses that served the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista and established the concept of 'popular power' from the grassroots of the communities, an idea that continues to this day.

The American military mission present on the island, after agreement with the United States, was canceled. The situation gave way to the forced reorganization of the Revolutionary Armed Forces, heirs to the Mambi insurrectionary struggle.

'Fourteen sugar mills were intervened to investigate the origin of their capitals, as well as the Cuban Telephone Company, an American monopoly involved in fraudulent transactions with Batista,' the historians said.

Of all the measures taken, the agrarian reform was the core of the revolutionary process led by Fidel. Signed at the headquarters of La Plata on May 17, 1959, the law benefited nearly 100,000 peasant families.

The legislation eliminated the right of foreign companies to own land in Cuba except in some cases and also ordered the creation of the National Institute for Agrarian Reform (INRA).

That was one of the main points contained in the Moncada Program, presented by Fidel himself when he delivered his defense speech against the assaults on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes barracks in eastern Cuba on July 26, 1953.

The educational transformation in the country, one of the most precarious sectors, was another sector included thanks to its political vision.

'Given the picture of one million illiterates and 600,000 children without schools, in contrast to 10,000 unemployed teachers, the creation of 10,000 new classrooms was planned to cover mainly the gap in rural areas,' historians said.

The success of the Literacy Campaign was an example of the transforming character of the Cuban Revolution since its early years.

Another of the challenges that Fidel faced as a revolutionary leader was the powerful neighbor of the North who was not happy to see how his political and economic interests were banished.

Relations with Washington became strained from the start. When Batista fled before the imminent triumph of 'Barbudos', the ambassador of the North American nation played a role of 'mediator' in the conformation of the first Government. Seeing that he was not going to get his way, the United States implemented an agenda of harassment against the Island that has been maintained during all these years of the Revolution.

The concretion of the economic, financial and commercial blockade imposed in the early years, their participation in attacks against Fidel, and support for defamation campaigns of the Cuban reality were part of the actions of the northern nation.

Fidel, knowing the powerful enemy, did not surrender and only 90 miles away declared the socialist character of the Revolution. That fact marked the process on the Island and would mark the relations with the United States.

Before the diplomatic isolation of the first years of the Revolution, Fidel exposed the First Declaration of Havana, on September 2, 1960.

The fact that prompted such measure was the censure against Cuba during the meeting of foreign ministers of the Organization of American States (OAS) in Costa Rica, in retaliation for the Cuban decision to establish diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union.

As soon as the Revolution triumphed, Fidel put into practice what was promised and with respect to the thought of the national hero, José Martí. The different stages experienced by Cuba in its liberation process had not been in vain.

Fidel Castro's Legacy Evoked in the Cuban Capital

The Cuban capital recalls the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, in a special edition of the magazine Habanahoy 499, on the 92nd anniversary of his birth and the 500th anniversary of the foundation of this city.

Published by Prensa Latina, the publication of the Provincial Assembly of the People's Power of Havana contains the imprint of the eminent thinker and his ties with his people.


Various moments in Fidel Castro's life (1926-2016), his support for the flowering of ballet and cinema on the Caribbean island, as well as his determination to develop education, health, science and sport are present in the magazine.


The publication also recognizes the permanent and indissoluble relationship of the statesman with the people, his brilliant oratory and unlimited dedication to the cause of the Revolution.


Through suggestive photographs, the text also contemplates the revolutionary's links with Havana, the city which next year will celebrate the 500th anniversary of its foundation.


In some articles, Habanahoy 499 contains testimonies of personalities about the figure of Fidel Castro, among them the prima ballerina assoluta Alicia Alonso and photographer Liborio Noval, winner of the National Journalism Award Jose Marti.

  • Published in Culture
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