Common future with Uruguay highlighted in Santiago de Cuba

The bonds that unite the stories of Cuba and Uruguay stood out today during the Caribbean Colloquium that unites us, the theoretical space of the 39th International Caribbean Festival, dedicated to the culture of that South American nation.

Cuban researcher Vitellius Ruiz stated milestones of these convergences, from the performance of José Martí as consul of Uruguay in New York and the participation of Ernesto Guevara at the Conference of Punta del Este, to the 25th Feria Cubana del Libro that was consecrated to him.

The visit of Fidel Castro to Uruguay a few months after the triumph of the Revolution in 1959, hundreds of Uruguayans who found refuge in Cuba following the repression unleashed by the dictatorship and hosting the Cuban singer Silvio Rodriguez by President José Mujica in 2012 were recalled.

With ambassador, Eduardo Lorier, and the marriage of Sara Medeiros and Oscar Damian, along with researcher Ruiz whose initiative was to have Uruguay as guest of honor at this Feast of Fire, there was a panel on rites, rituals developed and mixtures, with emphasis on the Afro imprint in Uruguayan culture.

http://www.radiorebelde.cu/images/images/2019/cultura/fiesta-caribe-stgo-cuba-foto-sergio-mtnez.jpg

As part of this recognition, homage was paid to Hugo Cheche Santos, prominent figure of Afro-Uruguayan popular music.

The feast will continue this Friday with an academic look at the history, culture and current affairs of the Caribbean peoples and several issues will be related to the links between Honduras and Cuba, as well as the Garífuna culture of that Central American nation.

Academic sessions will be held until Monday, while the varied proposals of the Jubilee artistic program are underway.

On Friday afternoon, the Parade of the Serpent will take place, considered the popular opening of the Festival, with a tour through most central streets of the groups carrying the traditional culture, arriving from different and distant latitudes.

  • Published in Culture

Luis Suarez misses as Peru knock out Uruguay on penalties

Peru have knocked 15-time winners Uruguay out of the 2019 Copa America with a penalty shootout victory following a goalless quarter-final in Salvador.

La Blanquirroja lost 5-0 to Brazil in their final group match but still progressed through to the last eight as one of the best third-placed finishers.

Suarez picked out the roof of the net with a difficult headed chance and then played a big part in the only real chance of the first half.

The Barcelona striker wriggled away from a couple of men, tested Pedro Gallese down low and the loose ball fell perfectly for Edinson Cavani, who blazed it over the bar from five yards.

Uruguay enjoyed the better of things in the opening 45 minutes but could not find a way through, with Giorgian de Arrascaeta having a goal ruled out half an hour in because of an offside infringement against Nahitan Nandez.

Peru's best moments before half time came whenever Paolo Guerrero was on the ball, but some brilliant defending from Jose Gimenez denied the veteran striker a clean shot at goal 45 minutes in.

Gallese dealt with Federico Valverde's long-range free kick early in the second period and Diego Godin failed to find the target from seven yards as another big chance came and went for Uruguay.

Oscar Tabarez's frustration was clear to see on the hour mark when Cavani curled the ball around Gallese, only for his celebrations to be cut short by the offside flag.

The third disallowed goal came a little over 10 minutes later as Suarez ghosted in front of his man and prodded Martin Caceres's cross into the net, but he was marginally offside.

That was as good as things got La Celeste as they were forced all the way to penalties.

Suarez missed the very first spot kick and Peru went on to convert all five of theirs to set up a semi-final with Chile, also penalty-shootout victors against Colombia, in Porto Alegre on Thursday.

URUGUAY (4-4-2): Muslera; Gonzalez, Gimenez, Godin, Caceres; Nandez (Torreira 57'), Bentancur, Valverde (Stuani 97'), De Arrascaeta; Suarez, Cavani

PERU (4-2-3-1): Gallese; Advincula, Abram, Zambrano, Trauco; Yotun, Tapia; Carrillo (Gonzales 75'), Cueva (Ruidiaz 85'), Flores; Guerrero

  • Published in Sports

Millions across South America hit by massive power cut


Millions of people across Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and southern Brazil were left without power early on Sunday after a massive power failure hit all four countries.

The outage was caused by a failure in in the electrical interconnection system, energy company Edesur Argentina said on Twitter.

The outage happened at about 7am local time, 12pm GMT.

  • Published in World

Mexico, Uruguay Initiative for Venezuela Dialogue Begins

The International Contact Group meets today to kick off their talks on how to create a peaceful dialogue for the situation in Venezuela.

European and Latin American leaders will gather Thursday in the Uruguayan capital of Montevideo to discuss plan to solve the deepening political situation in Venezuela, but will steer clear of direct intervention.

RELATED Uruguay, Mexico Present Outline for Montevideo Conference

The International Contact Group on Venezuela proposed by Mexico and Uruguay at the beginning of the U.S. back coup, will hold its inaugural meeting Thursday, laying out a more hands-off approach that is at odds with calls by the United States and right-wing Latin American governments for more intervention.

The gathering comes on the heels of a separate meeting of the harder-line Lima Group in Canada, which included the group of countries that support a coup in Venezuela.

The latest conflagration of tensions erupted when Juan Guaido, a lawmaker from Venezuela's National Assembly, a legislative body held in judicial contempt by the Supreme Court since 2016, illegally declared himself interim president on Jan.10.  

On the eve of the meeting on Wednesday, Mexico, Uruguay and Caribbean countries presented a plan for Venezuela, titled the “Montevideo Mechanism.”

“This is based on good faith, where we don’t intervene unless with dialogue, negotiation, communication and a willingness to contribute,” Mexico's foreign minister, Marcelo Ebrard, told reporters in Montevideo, echoing comments made earlier this week.

  • Published in World

Uruguay: Jose Mujica Calls For Left To Unite Against Right-Wing

"The right united out of interest, but we divide ourselves over ideas," Uruguay's hugely popular former president said.

FIDEL Former Uruguayan President Jose Mujica is calling for the left to unite and fight back against the rise of the right-wing in Latin America, and has praised Cuba and Fidel Castro as an example for the region.

RELATED: Brazil: Uruguay Ex-President Mujica Says Lula 'In Good Spirits'

Mujica pointed to historical examples to emphasize the necessity of a united left front, recalling the long rule of Spanish 20th century dictator Francisco Franco, who "died in bed, of old age, peacefully, because communists, socialists and anarchists dedicated themselves much more to fighting among themselves rather than fighting against fascism."

He said he understands the lesson is a hard one to learn, because "every sect of the left thinks it has the revealed truth," but this mentality ends up destroying possible victories.

"The right united out of interest, but we divide ourselves over ideas," Mujica said.

Mujica was reflecting on the upcoming meeting of the Sao Paulo Forum, which is an international unity of Latin American leftist groups.

The former president emphasized the importance of this meeting given the current regional political situation: "It pains me what is happening in Nicaragua, in Ecuador and in Venezuela," Mujica said.

Cuba, and former Cuban leader Fidel Castro, are examples to be followed, Mujica said: Cuba is "like a sort of altar in our religion" and Fidel Castro should be "honored daily through our militancy and everyday commitment."

  • Published in World

Welcome to the club! Cavani joins Suarez in Uruguayan goalscorer record

Edison Cavani has joined teammate Luis Suarez in scoring in three consecutive World Cups with his strike in a 3-0 win against Russia. The strike duo are the only Uruguayans in history to achieve the feat.

Cavani grabbed the third and final goal of Uruguay's 3-0 thrashing of hosts Russia in Samara as the team recorded three wins from three group games, and advanced to the knockout stage in first place. They will now play in Sochi against the runners-up of Group B in the last 16. 

Russia, who had already qualified from the group stage for the first time in their history, will return to Moscow and their home Luzhniki Stadium, for the knockout stage against the Group B winners.

It was Suarez who opened the scoring at Samara Arena with a free-kick within 10 minutes with a low strike that benefited from some questionable defending from veteran center back Sergei Ignashevich. 

Denis Cheryshev then scored an unfortunate own goal when a shot cannoned off his outstretched leg and into the net, giving Igor Akinfeev, who had already set his feet to dive for the ball, no chance.

READ MORE: Egypt star Salah signs off with goal but Saudis snatch late 2-1 win

Russia's misery was compounded when Cavani bundled home a late third to join Suarez as the only La Celeste players to score in three consecutive World Cups.

With their win over Russia, two-time World Cup winners Uruguay became the first team to win all three consecutive games since Argentina at France '98.

  • Published in Sports

Brazil: Uruguay Ex-President Mujica Says Lula 'In Good Spirits'

"They can hold your body, but not your heart," former Uruguayan President Jose 'Pepe' Mujica told the crowds of Lula supporters in Curitiba.

Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is "in good spirits" despite his incarceration on corruption charges, says former Uruguayan President Jose 'Pepe' Mujica, who has visited the Brazilian presidential candidate in his detention center and delivered a message of encouragement to supporters.

RELATED: Brazil: Uruguay's Jose Pepe Mujica To Visit Lula In Prison

Mujica met with Lula's followers on Thursday outside the Federal Police headquarters in Curitiba, where they have been camped out since the Workers' Party (PT) representative was taken into custody April 7 on corruption allegations.

The former Uruguayan leader praised the achievements realized during Lula's administration, as well as his international endeavors within Latin America.

"Under Lula, Brazil behaved like an older brother," Mujica said, adding that he found the candidate "in good spirits" but was worried for the future of Brazil and Latin America as a whole.

Mujica said Uruguay is concerned about the coming elections and Lula's fate. "For a small country flanked by gigantic Argentina and Brazil, when a neighbor shuts us out, we – Uruguayans – will catch a cold."

Earlier Thursday, Mujica transmitted a live video via social media addressed to Lula's supporters: "They can hold your body, but not your heart."

"There is a slogan there that says 'Lula Libre' (Free Lula); really, the mind can never be imprisoned. They can imprison your body, but not your heart, your mind. For whatever purpose, your mind is your heart, to go on beating for the control of Brazil... For this reason, Lula is free.

"This long fight didn't begin with you or us and it will not end with our lives… It's a shame that it almost takes a miracle to serve one''s country faithfully, but it is our fight."

Lula's 12-year prison sentence is widely viewed as a political stunt by the ruling right-wing government to block Lula from running for re-election.

The 72-year-old leftist politician insists he is innocent. Despite being incarcerated, Lula remains ahead in the presidential polls for Brazil's October presidential election. The PT has repeatedly said they will register Lula as their official candidate come August.

  • Published in World

University 2018: Cuba is the Reference

Environment, renewable energy sources, sustainable and local development, the use of new technologies, tourism, industry, studies of Medicine, curricula, didactics, the role of university in different contexts, all of these subjects were discussed in the 11th International Congress of Higher Education Universidad 2018 — event that marked the 100th anniversary of the Argentine University Reform.

20180216APP 12

University 2018 gathered more than 2,000 delegated from 60 nations.

Few hours before the closing ceremony, Cuba’s Minister of Higher Education Jose Ramon Saborido Loidi was asked by a colleague about the most interesting thing of the Congress and he highlighted that Cuba “is today a reference in the educative field.”

Without ignoring handicaps and obstacles, the truth is that our country can boast realities that are still yearnings for other countries of the world.

In this regard, following the 2030 Agenda and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN, 2015), the Minister pointed out: “we are in a better position to fulfill them” and noted that Cuba is working hard to meet these goals as soon as possible.

As he stressed in the opening ceremony speech: “The advance of the 2030 Agenda of Sustainable Development is imperative for the world as nations are trying to counteract the current unsustainable model of development—discriminatory, hegemonic, and predatory.

Today’s University in Cuba

There have been many changes in Cuba’s Higher Education from the Triumph of the Revolution to the present days, always aiming at improving the quality and access to Universities in Cuba.

In this regard, almost 1.5 million professionals have graduated from 1959 to present days. Therefore, 12% of the population and 22% of workers in Cuba has university level.

20180216APP 14

Cuba’s Higher Education has graduated almost 1.5 million professionals

The remarkable growth of its institutions is another achievement. Cuba boasts today 50 universities all around the country compared to the 3 universities that existed back then (in Havana, Las Villas, and the Eastern side of Cuba). The system also includes 126 university centers in municipalities.

Destined to experience a continuous development process, the Higher Education in Cuba advances on the basis of an inclusive process, which has certainly brought positive results concerning material resources and financial savings as well as a better use of the workforce in universities, especially in the field of teaching.

The process that has been implemented since 2011 to updating Cuba’s economic and social model has demanded the accompaniment of the Higher Education as well. Thus, new policies have been approved.

A very good example of this is “the graduate and postgraduate teaching process improvement, short-and-medium term, so human potential stands behind the necessary technical, integral, and civic training, which allows working for the strategic goals for development.”

Likewise, as the Minister himself highlighted in the opening speech of Universidad 2018, “Cuba advances in the implementation of a new generation of curricula that sets the length of majors to four years and proposes a better interaction with the system of master’s degrees and postgraduate specialization through continuous training programs.”

The World and Higher Education

The critical nature and dissatisfaction of Cuban citizens lead us to believe we are the only nation in the world suffering from a certain ill.

However, this Congress allowed us not only to reflect on extremely serious problems affecting many countries in the region, but also to become aware of the right path of the policies undertaken by the Cuban State in order to overcome obstacles and certain quality index.

The testimonies of several foreign participants showed Higher Education is not going well and therefore, there is no positive sign in General Education (263 million students were not enrolled in schools as of 2014).

Uruguayan professor Fernando Rodal Mc Lean —President of the American Federation of Teachers— spoke in one of the panels about the need to “fight” against universities that limit enrollment. He also criticized that students, in order to access higher education, have to go into great debts.


“The university struggle —he pointed out— is the struggle for the quality of life of our people for the purpose of modifying the structure and functioning of capitalist society. It is to fight for a free university.”

Daniel Ricci, President of the Federation of University Teachers’ Union in South America, noted that Latin America is showing a regressive trend as the right has regained power in some of the nations. “Imperialism dislikes justice, equity, and free education and health care.”

Hence, it is important to reach that free, inclusive education and teachers can enjoy a decent job.

A moving situation was narrated by Salvadorians Monica Fernandez Rubio (Spanish woman naturalized citizen of El Salvador) and Sabas Clavel Fuentes, who showed the situations of young people in that country where just the 8% of the population have access to universities. In rural areas, this number barely represents 2%.

The International Congress of Higher Education Universidad 2018, in the words of the Minister Jose Ramon Saborido, was successful. “We have showed our truth and we have felt the appreciation of other nations for Cuba’s actions.”

The next Congress will take place on February 10-14, 2020. A lot will happen from now on. Nonetheless, Cuba will surely present new experiences, contributions, and impacts.

Translated by Sergio A. Paneque Diaz/CubaSi Translation Staff

  • Published in Specials
Subscribe to this RSS feed