United States Imposes New Sanctions on Iran

Washington, Nov 5 (Prensa Latina) More than 700 individuals, entities, ships and aircraft from Iran, mostly in the banking and energy sectors,
will be the target of additional U.S. sanctions since Monday.

Likewise, due to these measures, rejected by Iran , other areas such as maritime transport and naval construction will be affected.

Such punishments will follow similar ones applied last August as a result of U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to abandon the nuclear pact reached between Tehran and six world powers in 2015.

Transactions with the Central Bank of Iran and Iran's designated financial institutions will be sanctioned as part of the entry into force of the regulations.

A statement released three days ago by the White House added that Trump's administration intends to fully enforce all U.S. restrictions against Iran and will prosecute those who attempt to violate or elude them.

Those who have failed to reduce sanctionable activities with Iran are at risk of serious consequences, threatened the text , according to which Washington has already issued 19 rounds of punishments and designated 168 individuals associated with Iran.

The document stated that Iranian oil exports had dropped by approximately one million barrels per day since their peak in June, and more than 20 countries had reduced imports of this fuel to zero.

For his part, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said last Friday in a conference call that some jurisdictions will be exempted from the measures, 'but only because we have seen an effort and they are reducing their imports of oil from Iran,' he added.

He did not specify the countries or groups of states to receive those exceptions, but said an agreement was reached with six jurisdictions and talks continue with another two.

Since his inauguration on 20 January 2017, Trump threatened to abandon the Comprehensive Joint Action Plan (Jcpoa) signed by Iran and the 5+1 Group (United States, United Kingdom, France, Russia and China and Germany), and finally announced that move on May 8.

This determination, criticized by various sectors domestically and abroad, paved the way for the reestablishment of punishments, although the International Atomic Energy Agency, allied nations and the US intelligence community indicated that Iran continued to respect the Jcpoa commitments.

Trump has discredited what remained of prestige to the United States and will be the main loser of the reinstatement of sanctions, considered two days ago the leader of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, Ali Khamenei.

Quoting a speech in Tehran, he wrote on Twitter that US economic and military power is also in decline.

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Mexico City waits for about 5,000 Migrants

Mexico, Nov 5 (Prensa Latina) Mexico City (CDMX) hopes to provide shelter to about 5,000 Central American migrants who are now moving from the south of the country, and of whom several hundred have already arrived in this capital, which suffers water shortage.

The president of CDMX, Nashieli Ramirez Hernandez, reported that all will be sheltered in the stadium 'Jesus Martinez Palillo', in the Magdalena Mixhuca, in the Iztacalco city hall.

Ramirez pointed out that there are already hundred caravan members, 30 percent of whom are women, but there are also many minors.

It is estimated that the last part of this caravan will arrive Tuesday or Wednesday, the first of four that have entered the country.

He said that the five thousand caravanners that are expected to be housed in the sports facility will have about 500 assistants to ensure their food, health and shelter.

Ramirez acknowledged that he does not know how long they will remain in the capital, but the authorities have prepared themselves in case they stay 'at least a week.

People Without Borders, an organization that accompanies the caravan, announced that at CDMX the caravan members will have seminars so that they are prepared for when they reach the border with the United States and defend their rights before the immigration officials of the northern country, whose president, Donald Trump, ordered the deployment of military personnel in the area.

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The U.S. and the Center American Exodus

The migration of Center Americans, mainly toward the United States has won visibility thanks to the current caravan crossing Mexico, but this is an old phenomenon.

In 2017 the UN agency International Organization for Migration informed that 450 thousand migrants, mainly Central Americans, cross Mexico yearly heading for the United States. This phenomenon boomed in the 80’s of the last century as a consequence of Washington’s massive support to the armies and repressive forces of El Salvador and Guatemala in their bloody war against the liberating movements in those countries which, next to Honduras, were deeply affected. The war originated, mainly in El Salvador, a great flow of refugees, among them thousands of young orphans.

It was not the first, neither the last time when the North American imperialism intervened in Central American countries. Since early in the XX century Washington sent several times marines to impose its wishes in that region of our America. It’s well known the heroic deeds of Agusto Cesar Sandino and his “small crazy army” against the Yankee military intervention early on the XX century in Nicaragua.

Decades later, that country and the Sandinista Liberation Front government would suffer an implacable and bloody aggression by Ronald Reagan’s government. An counterrevolutionary army organized and armed illegally by United States was supplied by air from Honduras in a CIA operation, the Iran-Contras, implemented from there by terrorists of Cuban origin. The airplanes came loaded with weapons from North American territory and returned with drugs to that country. At the same time, that agency created the Death Squads which, causing serious human rights violations, kept in line the Honduran revolutionaries. In 1989, George Bush father ordered the deadly Panama invasion with a total of 3000 killed.

In 2009, from the Military Base of Soto Cano, in Honduras, where the Bravo Task Force of the South Command of the United States, this triggered the coup d’état against president Manuel Zelaya. That action is closely related to the facts that have led to the massive migration of Central Americans. Zelaya entered ALBA and established a flowing cooperation relationship with Venezuela with Chavez in power. He was able to get OAS to lift the exclusion of Cuba in a general assembly of that organization and he was attempting to organize a constituent assembly to transfer to the Honduran people control over their national sovereignty as well as their natural resources. None of this was tolerable for Washington that not only ordered the coup but did everything in its power to consolidate it. Ever since every election in Honduras have been a fraud, including the one that elected the current president Juan Orlando Hernández. Zelaya, allied to the Daniel Ortega's Nicaragua would have been an obstacle for the plans of looting and territorial expansion through mining transnational and the so-called Special Economic Zones.

The sparks of the current and unstoppable migratory movement was the stanch application in Central America of the neoliberal politics designed by the so-called Washington Consent which has become more and more bloody and unsustainable. The people of Latin America and the Caribbean are being subjected to a second conquest and colonization, through transnational companies and the militarization displayed by the United States which includes the presence of military bases in our countries. Satellites governments of the imperialism offer every possibility to transnational companies in their expansion plans of accelerated use of natural resources and overexploitation of the labor force. All of it through the spoiling of lands and waters from indigenous communities, afro descendants and peasants, repressed, when they rebel, not only by the security bodies. Also, frequently, by the so-called organized crime well-paid in return. Also the breaking of productive chains that has led to the deindustrialization and loss of dozens of thousands of jobs.

This neoliberal aggression to the previous ways of capitalist productive organization, dragging unemployment and collapse of the social fabric is the main cause of the growing migration and forced exodus of millions of people toward the United States. The unstoppable peak of criminal organizations and brutal violence against peoples and communities makes it worse. The performance map is superimposed to that of the megaprojects of neoliberalism 3.0.

It’s not in Caracas, it’s in Washington, where for some time now is looming the migratory tragedy of Center America and Mexico.

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It's Donald Trump Vs Barack Obama On Final US Campaign Weekend

Belgrade: After boasting about the economy and raising fears over immigration, US President Donald Trump is facing pushback from his predecessor Barack Obama, who is taking on an increasingly prominent role in the final weekend of campaigning before midterm elections in which Republican control of Congress is threatened.

With rallies taking place in Montana and Florida, a state he had already visited on Wednesday, Trump is keeping up his relentless campaign schedule before Tuesday's ballot, which has become a referendum on his utterly unconventional presidency.

The campaigning comes one week after a gunman, who allegedly hated immigrants and Jews, killed 11 people at a synagogue in Pittsburgh, and after a fanatical Trump supporter was arrested in Florida on charges of mailing homemade bombs to more than a dozen Trump opponents, including Obama.

At a moment of deep national division, with the political temperature soaring, the president's critics say he has helped create an atmosphere in which the two attackers felt comfortable to carry out their crimes.

"A Republican Congress means more jobs and less crime. A Democratic Congress means more crime and less jobs, very simple. I like that. Nothing like simplicity," Trump told supporters in Belgrade, Montana.

Trump says his Republicans are in a good position ahead of the midterm congressional elections, particularly with new employment figures out showing the economy booming.

But polls point to the Democrats capturing at least the House of Representatives, threatening the billionaire president with the specter of an opposition finally able to block policies and dig into his highly opaque personal finances.

In the last stages of the campaign, Trump is dueling with Obama, who returned to the public eye at a Florida rally on Friday.

Obama is set to campaign again Sunday in his hometown of Chicago, as well as in Indiana, where the seat of Democratic Senator Joe Donnelly is in danger.

America at 'a crossroads'

At a rally on Friday, Trump called America's first black president "Barack H. Obama," a reference to Obama's middle name of Hussein. Before his presidential run, Trump fanned conspiracy theories about the origins of Obama, who was born in Hawaii.

Obama explained his reemergence at a Georgia rally in support of Stacey Abrams, who is seeking to be the first black female governor of any US state.

"I'm here for one simple reason: to ask you to vote," Obama said. "The consequences of any of us staying home are profound because America is at a crossroads... The character of our country is on the ballot."

Trump has brought an unprecedented brand of confrontational politics to the White House, and clearly enjoys a fight.

The latest official jobs figures, which showed 250,000 net new positions in October -- ahead of forecasts -- gave him a golden opportunity to crow over what he almost daily claims to be the world's "hottest economy."

But if, on the one hand, the president has been touting the United States as a land of plenty with jobs for all, on the other he has stirred fear and loathing.

Even as illegal immigration has dipped to a quarter of what it was in 2000, Trump claims that the country faces an "invasion" of Central Americans.

He has ordered regular army troops to the US-Mexican border as a caravan of a few thousand impoverished migrants slowly marches toward the boundary. They are currently marching toward Isla, in Mexico's state of Veracruz.

He has also announced "tent cities" to detain people demanding political asylum, and claimed the power to scrap the right to citizenship for anyone born on US soil -- until now considered protected by the US Constitution.

A military spokesman said that more than 7,000 US soldiers will be positioned in states bordering Mexico by the end of the weekend.

Newsweek reported that it had obtained documents which showed intelligence officials did not anticipate high involvement of criminal gangs among the migrants, and that the administration expects only a minority of those in the caravan would actually reach the border.

"These are bad people, there's some bad hombres in that group," Trump told the Montana rally.

"They came out with a list of 300 really bad ones, really bad ones, they're in there," he added, without specifying a source.

Obama decried Trump's troop deployment as a "political stunt" serving to "get folks angry and ginned up."

"There's just constant fear-mongering to distract from the record," he added.

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Migrant Caravan: Trump Suggests Possible Use of Lethal Force

The U.S. President has announced the deployment of tens of thousands of troops to the border and warned the Central American migrants to turn around.

The United States President Donald Trump warned Thursday that the troops deployed to the border to stop the Central American Exodus, which he calls an "invasion," will regard stones possibly thrown by migrants as firearms, paving the way for the use of lethal force by U.S. soldiers.

RELATED: First Baby Born In The Central American Exodus Migrant Caravan

The first wave of the migrants is moving through Mexico toward the United States. The group has grown to between 4,000 to 7,000 members since leaving Honduras.

Some members of the caravan, whose members refer to as a Central American Exodus, have turned back to their home countries or sought asylum in Mexico. Others are pressing on. Many of those making the journey are families and children.

According to the United Nations children’s agency (UNICEF), there are an estimated 2,300 children walking to the U.S. southern border.

"Anybody throwing rocks like they did to Mexico... where they badly hurt police and soldiers. We will consider that a firearm because there is not much difference," Trump warned in a televised address. The U.S. is expected to deploy up to 15,000 armed troops to the border in a posture of brute force.

Trump's warning suggests U.S. troops could fire into the crowd of migrant families fleeing violence and poverty in Central America. 

“We have about 5,800. We’ll go up to anywhere between 10,000 and 15,000 military personnel on top of Border Patrol, ICE and everybody else at the border,” Trump said. "These illegal caravans will not be allowed in the United States and should be turned around now," he said.

RELATED: Trump to Push Executive Order Ending Birthright Citizenship

Lieutenant Colonel Jamie Davis, a Pentagon spokesman, declined to discuss the possible use of force by the military, but said that US soldiers "always have the inherent right to self-defense,” according to Reuters.

Trump added that those seeking asylum will have to arrive at a legal port of entry and argued poverty is not a cause for asylum. 

However, the Immigration and Nationality Law states that any immigrant in the U.S. can apply for asylum, regardless of whether they entered the country through a designated port of entry, Reuters reports.

The U.S. President has been emphasizing immigration issues in the lead up to the midterm elections. This week Trump announced he would sign an executive order to end the right to U.S. citizenship for children born in the country. Though such an executive order is unconstitutional, it furthers rhetoric in line with his “America First” slogan.

“We’re talking about a nationalism, all Americans first, but what he really means is all white Americans first,” Shane Burley, author of Fascism Today: What It Is and How to End It, told teleSUR.

Members of the first wave, now two weeks into their journey, are trekking through southern Mexico. Many, including children, are struggling with illness, exhaustion, and injuries, The Guardian reports.

A second group is trailing the first by about 200 miles. A federal official who spoke on condition of anonymity told the Associated Press that 153 migrants in the second caravan were detained during highway inspections in Chiapas Wednesday.

A third group from El Salvador, estimated at 500 members, has reached Guatemala. A fourth group from the same country of about 700 set out on the journey Wednesday.

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Trump: Dictators' Kids Will Benefit From Birthright Citizenship

The child of a foreign dignitary, born on U.S. soil, would not be granted U.S. citizenship under the 14th Amendment, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.

United States President Donald Trump said foreign dictators could take advantage of birthright citizenship to make their children U.S. citizens.

RELATED: Trump to Push Executive Order Ending Birthright Citizenship

“Many come from China, you might be surprised. China now is number one, we’re not just talking South America, Latin America, we’re talking about China, parts of Asia, it’s crazy,” the United States head of state said during a campaign.

However, the child of a foreign dignitary, born on U.S. soil, would not be granted U.S. citizenship under the 14th Amendment, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Trump commented further, erroneously, adding: “Think of it, you’re an enemy of our country, you’re a general with war on your mind, you’re a dictator who we hate and who’s against us, and that dictator has his wife have a baby on American soil. Congratulations, your son or daughter is now an American citizen. Does anybody think this makes sense?” 

According to The Hill, the child of a foreign leader has never become a U.S. citizen through birthright citizenship. 

“This policy has even created an entire industry, it’s called ‘birth tourism,’ where pregnant mothers travel from all over the world to America to make their children instant lifelong citizens with guaranteed everything, everything, everything that you have is guaranteed: welfare, public benefits, right? Birthright citizens, in turn, can then bring their entire extended family into the country through chain migration,” he said. 

The U.S. president implied that he would move to strike birthright citizenship from the country’s constitution, using executive powers, violating the 14th Amendment which states that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”

The U.S. Supreme Court declared, in 1898, that “the 14th Amendment affirms the ancient and fundamental rule of citizenship by birth within the territory, in the allegiance and protection of the country, including all children here born of resident aliens.”

The principle was adopted from a colonial-era 17th-century English law.

The United Kingdom has since discarded the practice, now requiring that at least one parent of any child born in the United Kingdom be a citizen in order for the offspring to be so identified.

Commonwealth countries, including in Canada, Jamaica and Pakistan, and most countries Latin America maintains birthright citizenship.

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Tensions aside: US to take delivery of 4 rocket engines from Russia

Despite political tensions here on Mother Earth, Russian-American cooperation in space still persists. The US will take delivery of four Russian-built engines crucial for its Atlas rockets, with several more to come.

Four RD-180 rocket engines built by Russia’s NPO Energomash have been commissioned for the US buyers, the manufacturer said in a news release. “On October 26, 2018, Pratt & Whitney, United Launch Alliance and RD AMROSS singed the engine log books,” it reads. 

Prior to the handover, Pratt & Whitney and United Launch Alliance (ULA) checked the engines along with NASA and US Air Force experts to ensure they are of good quality. The RD-180s are now ready to be shipped out, and this is not a one-of-a-kind purchase.

Three more rocket engines will be supplied later in November. And in April, the US bought four more engines from Russia, according to Energomash.

The United Launch Alliance, a joint company owned by Lockheed Martin and Boeing, has relied on Energomash RD-180 engines for years to power the Atlas V rocket. They recently ordered 20 engines from Energomash despite economic sanctions imposed on Russia.

 
Aside from RD-180 engines, the US buys RD-181s from Russian manufacturers. The RD-181 is used to propel Antares rockets that launch Cygnus cargo tugs to the International Space Station for NASA.

When the US introduced its initial set of restrictions against Moscow, space exploration was excluded. As NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine said“when other channels of communication break down, nations can still communicate on space exploration and space discovery and science.”

NASA has been doing its utmost to cut its dependency on Russian engines and to produce a viable alternative to the dual-nozzle, kerosene-fueled RD-180s, but to no avail so far. And while some Russian officials have at times vowed to ban the rocket engine sales, they are continuing.

Space is one of the few areas of Russia-US cooperation that remains relatively unscathed by political tensions. “We’re all breathing the same air. We can draw borders, but from space you can’t see them,” NASA astronaut Douglas H. Wheelock said last year.

“In the US we have a sarcastic saying: ‘We can put a man on a Moon, but we cannot figure out how to get along with our Russian partners,” the New York native said after working at Russia’s Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City.

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Barbra Streisand mulls a move to Canada after midterm elections if Republicans roll

Barbra Streisand is considering heading north if Tuesday's midterm elections favor the Republican party.

The outspoken Democrat Streisand, 76, told the New York Times that she is fervently hoping her party takes control of the House of Representatives. If the Republicans keep the House, she mulled drastic action. 

"I’ve been thinking about, do I want to move to Canada? I don’t know," Streisand said, targeting President Donald Trump. "I’m just so saddened by this thing happening to our country. It’s making me fat. I hear what he said now, and I have to go eat pancakes now, and pancakes are very fattening."

Streisand gets outright political in the new album "Walls," due out Friday, which features a medley of John Lennon’s “Imagine." One track already released, “Don’t Lie to Me,” is a direct address to the current resident of the Oval Office. 

More: Streisand to Trump in new song: Don't lie to me!

She channeled her anger musically.

"I would lie awake at night with Trump’s outrages running through my head, and I had to do another album for Columbia Records, so I thought, why not make an album about what’s on my mind? And that became the title of the first song," said Streisand.

The singer, who couldn't come up with one positive thing Trump has done during his presidency, said she takes issue with the President's propensity for spreading falsehoods.

"Truth has always worked for me, so to see the truth defiled every day is very, very painful for me," said Streisand. "I only can do what I can do. I probably will turn a lot of people off."

Trump is apparently a Streisand admirer as well. While editing her last Netflix concert special, she noticed Trump in the audience sitting next to Barbara Walters.

"But he never came backstage to see me or meet me," said Streisand. "So I never met him."

Barbra Streisand performs onstage during the tour opener for 'Barbra - The Music... The Mem'ries... The Magic!' on Aug. 2, 2016 in Los Angeles. (Photo: Kevin Mazur, Getty Images for BSB

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