Brazil Home to World's 3rd Largest Prison Population, Highest Incarceration Rate

Between 2000 and 2015, while the United States' prison population increased by 14 percent, Brazil's jumped to approximately 170 percent.

With over 725,000 inmates, Brazil is home to the world's third largest prison population. With these figures, the South American country is surpassed only by the United States, with a prison population of 2.1 million, and China, with a population of 1.6 million.

RELATED: Brazil: One Inmate Dies Every 48 Hours in Rio de Janeiro Prisons

Despite achieving this unsavory accomplishment a report published by the Pastoral of Prisoners shows Brazil's penal system only has the capacity to properly accommodate half of the prisoners it currently holds. 

"Even with the mass construction of prisons since the 1990s, it (Brazil) has not been able to deal with the large number of imprisoned people during this period," said Rodolfo Valente, researcher and head of the Pastoral of Prisoners report.

"The incarceration rate is so intense that overcrowding, in truth, is likely to worsen despite the newly built prisons on a regular basis. This only foments, even more, the trivialization of prisons and their barbarism."

Titled the "Anti-Prison Struggle in the Contemporary World: A Study on Experiences of Prison Population Reduction in Other Nations," the study reveals that Brazil is the only country in the top six were the number of persons incarcerated has been on an intense and constant increase since the 1980s.

Between 2000 and 2015, while the U.S. prison population increased by 14 percent, Brazil's jumped to approximately 170 percent.

Researchers believe that Brazil should radically reduce its prison population to avoid tragedies such as riots and the death of prisoners and guards. One suggestion is to reduce jail time for those who commit crimes that don't result in serious injury and allow defendants to await their trial dates outside of prisons.

According to Pastoral of Prisoners, almost half of Brazil's entire prison population have not received a final conviction or sentencing, a similar number are incarcerated for non-violent crimes and more than 30 percent are in prison, as a result, small drug possession or property crimes.

"A change in the drug laws is particularly important because a third of all prisoners are in jail due to (small amounts of) drug trafficking," said Michael Mohallem, a professor of human rights at the Getulio Vargas Foundation.

  • Published in World

US Detention Centers 'Force Migrant Children To Take Drugs'

Some children said they had been held down and given injections when they refused to take the medication voluntary, the new lawsuit says.

Immigrant children are being routinely and forcibly given a range of psychotropic drugs at U.S. government-funded youth shelters to manage their trauma after being detained and in some cases separated from parents, according to a lawsuit.

RELATED: World Refugee Day: End Wars to Halt Refugee Crisis

Children held at facilities such as the Shiloh Treatment Center in Texas are almost certain to be administered the drugs, irrespective of their condition and without their parents' consent, according to the lawsuit filed by the Los Angeles-based Center for Human Rights & Constitutional Law.

The Shiloh center, which specializes in services for children and youths with behavioral and emotional problems, did not respond immediately to a request for comment.

The lawsuit was filed on April 16, days after the introduction of the Trump Administration's 'zero tolerance' policy separating children from parents who cross the U.S.-Mexico border illegally. Trump abandoned the policy on Wednesday.

"If you're in Shiloh then it's almost certain you are on these medications, so if any child were placed in Shiloh after being separated from a parent then they're almost certainly on psychotropics," said Carlos Holguin, a lawyer representing the Center for Human Rights & Constitutional Law.

Officials at the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), which oversees such centers, were not immediately available for comment.

Taking multiple psychotropic drugs at the same time can seriously injure children, according to the filing, which highlights the need for oversight to prevent medications being used as "chemical straight jackets" rather than treating actual mental health needs.

ORR-run centers unilaterally administer the drugs to children in disregard of laws in Texas and other states that require either a parent's consent or a court order, the filing said.

  • Published in World

United States: Tragedy of its Drug Addicts

Doubt grows even more regarding the prospect of stopping the huge narcotic consumption that dominates that country.

Last Saturday the column Trasfondo in the New Herald newspaper, published an article in Miami that helps to better understand the situation.

Under the title: "The Big Business of Pain: how and why North Americans die with Drugs."          

The writer was the well-known specialist Jorge Dávila Miguel.

It begins by telling that the drug consumption incrementally grows, although the alarmed is not going off.

Even President Donald Trump, he says, mentioned the fact when he recently spoke "of the deadly outbreak of drugs that lashes the country"

Dávila Miguel remembered that in 2016 more than 59 000 people died of drug overdose, a figure far higher than the total of fallen soldiers in the aggression against Vietnam.

And among those victims drugs killed 17 536 human beings.

Two months ago the governor for Florida, Rick Scott, proclaimed an alert and gave 27 million dollars in favor of those who are cornered by the epidemic.

What’s new?

The enemy, highlights Dávila Miguel, doesn’t come from the Coca plantations of South America, or from poppy fields in Afghanistan, and has nothing to do with drug dealers.

Then, who is the enemy? "The U.S. pharmaceutical industry", asserts the author of the article.

He adds, as well as white neck executives in the states of Connecticut or Manhattan.

Then Dávila Miguel tells shortly of his records:

They began in 1996, when the Firm Perdue Pharma launched to the market OxyContin, an opioid which profited in the first four years 1,100 million dollars.

Before this success, other corporations launched to the market similar products.

In 2016, nearly 300 million prescriptions were already distributed, enough to offer a bottle of sedatives to each American, including newly born children.

What’s the outcome? A thriving market of 24 000 million dollars a year.

That is a seemingly harmless sedative had already become an addiction.

The New Herald assured this Saturday in its section Trasfondo:

"Big Pharma had attained the dream of any drug enterprise owner, to distribute the drugs legally and even with a prescription."

Everything on an ideal scenario for their gigantic and trivial business, the American society is very sick with an uncertain prognosis.

Aircraft that Violated Venezuelan Airspace Demolished

The Strategic Command Operations of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces (CEOFANB) has confirmed the demolition of an aircraft that was violating Venezuelan airspace, in southern Maracaibo Lake, Zulia state.

The CEOFANB published a note last night on its Twitter account expressing that it shot down the aircraft in sovereign sky in southern Maracaibo Lake through the Aerospace Defense System.'

Venezuelan Defense Minister, Vladimir Padrino Lopez, commented that the National Bolivarian Armed Forces (FANB) is an institution committed to the defense of the sovereignty, under the principles established in the constitution.

'Any person or thing that attacks our sovereignty will receive a firm and forceful response from the FANB,' General Padrino said.

No further details of the incident have been so far offered and it is unknown where demolished aircraft came from.

  • Published in World

Miami: When They Reveal it themselves

In this case a journalist living on his own flesh the reality of every 24 hours.

His name is Sabina Covo who wrote an article this weekend named: "Miami, our corruption and indifference."

He started narrating the dialogue held at Sweetwater with a journalist of the Colombian television.

He was seeking data regarding the loud scandal that hits the police from that Floridian territory.

A total of 19 confiscated weapons presumably missing, narcotics, lost receipts, the FBI involved and the anti-corruption unit of Miami Dade.

According to the reporter, she asked her colleague the reason for covering Sweetwater, an insignificant place as a world event.

Answer? Sabina, "a city of the United States where evidence is lost from the very evidence room. It kind of rhymes. She is right. It’s international news".

The journalist from the Herald wrote next:

We have realized that this city is not the only corrupt place in the country because most of us are Hispanic, "although unluckily for some that’s the way it is."

And added: Miami among other things is the capital of Medicare fraud, of identity theft and taxes.

Next the journalist sentenced that there "tricks are everywhere", and he wrote that down:

Drugs get lost which are later sold by the very people who supposedly impose the law.

In Miami-Dade the poor voting attendance during elections or the fragile presence of activists in public committees is far from praiseworthy, she underlines.

People’s indolence stirs corruption, affirms Covo, and that’s why we should avoid to be paired with a “banana republic” where they buy their elections.

This isn’t the first time that these kinds of professionals reveal the existence of serious social blisters in Miami.

Among them the Cuban Andrés Hernández Alende, two years ago one of the main opponents in the International Contest of Novel Latin Contact.

Alende, residing in that city, is the author of the novel The Decline, where he approaches the boundless corruption and ambitions that prevail in Miami.  

Before he had published "Paradise had a Price", a work also dealing with those matters.

Those revealing titles could have described in advance, to a certain degree, the present and future of that elegant and gloomy Floridian town.  

  • Published in Now
Subscribe to this RSS feed