Egypt: New discovery of ancient mummified creatures found near Pyramid of Giza

EGYPT archaeologists have discovered dozens of mummified cats and scarab beetles in seven ancient tombs near the Great Pyramid of Giza, the latest discovery in the region.

The seven tombs, found south of Cairo, were investigated by local archeolists in Egypt.

Inside were dozens of mummified cat and scarab beetle remains, thought to have been untouched.

A door inside was also found inside which is thought to have never been opened, with plans to open it for the first time in the next few weeks.

The discovery was found close to the Pyramid of Giza, one of the most famous sites in the world.

Dating back more than 4,000 years, the tombs were found at Saqqara which was once though to be the necropolis for the capital, Memphis.

The tombs are thought to date back to the Fifth Dynasty, between 2,500 BC and 2,350 BC.

This is the same period of time when the Pyramid of Giza was built.

The cat was often held in the highest esteem in Egypt, with many found mummified thousands of years later.

They were thought to represent Bastet, a half-cat half-woman goddess.

Egypt: Pyramid of Giza cat discoveryEgypt: Dozens of mummified animals were found in the seven tombs near Cairo (Image: Reuters)

Egyptian Minister of Antiquities Dr Khaled El-Enany announced the discovery on Twitter.

He wrote: “#Tens of #cats #mummies were unearthed in #Saqqara #necropolis along with 100 wooden #gilded #statues of #cats and a bronze one dedicated to the cat #goddess #bastet.”

Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, said: "The [mummified] scarab is something really unique. It is something really a bit rare.

"A couple of days ago, when we discovered those coffins, they were sealed coffins with drawings of scarabs. I never heard about them before."

More discoveries are expected to be found in the same region, with a buried ridge recently uncovered which has revealed the latest findings.

The true purpose of the Great Pyramids has been 'discovered'

A number of recent discoveries in Egypt have recently been found surrounding the Pyramid of Giza location.

Earlier this year, 800 tombs dating back to the same time period were found at an ancient burial ground.

A 4,000-year-old tomb near Giza was also opened for the first time, dating back to the Sixth Dynasty.

The Tomb of Mehu not only contains the body of the King’s advisor but also of his son, Meren Ra and his grandson Heteb Kha.

The discoveries are part of a tourist drive to entice travellers back to the region.

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  • Published in Culture

Could a 4,500yo ramp solve the mystery of Egypt’s Great Pyramid?

Part of what makes Egypt’s pyramids such iconic wonders of the world is the mystery surrounding their construction. Now, a new discovery could shed light on the methods used to create the epic structures.

The ramp system was uncovered at Hatnub, an ancient quarry site in the Eastern Desert in Egypt.

READ MORE: Fertility secrets of the Pharaohs: 4,400-year-old tomb discovered in Egypt (VIDEO)

Archaeologists from the French Institute for Oriental Archaeology in Cairo and the University of Liverpool in England believe the large, steep ramp was used to transport alabaster stones from the quarry, and that this system was also used to construct the Great Pyramid.

“We discovered an extremely well preserved ramp leading up out of the quarry, with traces of post holes that will enable us to reconstruct in more detail the ancient technologies of stone haulage and extraction,” Dr Roland Enmarch said.  

The ramp is flanked by two staircases where ropes would have been tied to the post holes.

@RT_com Fertility secrets of the Pharaohs: 4,400-year-old tomb discovered in https://on.rt.com/8ye7

Three Giza Pyramids were built for ancient Egypt’s pharaohs - Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure. The largest is the Great Pyramid, built for Khufu.

“The study of the tool marks and the presence of two [of] Khufu’s inscriptions led us to the conclusion that this system dates back at least to Khufu’s reign, the builder of the Great Pyramid in Giza,” Yannis Gourdon, co-director of the joint mission at Hatnub said. This suggests ancient Egyptians were able to move large stones up steep slopes during this time

FIFA WORLD CUP 2018: EGYPT-URUGUAY PREVIEW

How to follow:
Watch live on BBC One at 12:30 BST; listen on BBC Radio 5 live and BBC local radio; text commentary on the BBC Sport website

Egypt

  • 23El-Shenawy
  • 7Fathy
  • 2Gabr
  • 6Hegazi
  • 13Shafy
  • 17Elneny
  • 8Hamed
  • 22Warda
  • 19El Said
  • 21Trézéguet
  • 9Mohsen

Substitutes

  • 1El Hadary
  • 3El Mohamady
  • 4Gaber
  • 5Morsy
  • 10Salah
  • 11Kahraba
  • 12Ashraf
  • 14Sobhi
  • 15Hamdi
  • 16Ekramy
  • 18Shikabala
  • 20Samir

Uruguay

  • 1Muslera
  • 4Varela
  • 2Giménez
  • 3Godín
  • 22Cáceres
  • 8Nández
  • 6Bentancur
  • 15Vecino
  • 10de Arrascaeta
  • 9Suárez
  • 21Cavani

Substitutes

  • 5Sánchez
  • 7Rodríguez
  • 11Stuani
  • 12Campaña
  • 13G Silva
  • 14Torreira
  • 16Pereira
  • 17Laxalt
  • 18Gómez
  • 19Coates
  • 20Urretaviscaya
  • 23M Silva
Referee:Björn Kuipers

TEAM NEWS

Egypt forward Mohamed Salah is on the bench for Friday's World Cup opener against Uruguay in Yekaterinburg.

The 25-year-old has not played since injuring shoulder ligaments during Liverpool's Champions League final defeat by Real Madrid on 26 May.

On Thursday, Egypt boss Hector Cuper said he could "almost assure" media that Salah would "100%" play.

Cuper said Salah was "doing very well" and had recovered "very, very quickly" from his injury.

OMENS FAVOUR URUGUAY?

The build-up to this game has been dominated by the fitness of Salah.

He joined the squad for training on Wednesday, completing the warm-up and then finishing the rest of the session away from the group. The team doctor said afterwards they were monitoring his progress "day by day", and Cuper played down the importance of the forward, saying: "Our tactics don't solely revolve around him."

The fuss around the Liverpool star could well play into the hands of the Uruguayans, who seem to have gone under the radar despite being strong favourites to top Group A.

An experienced squad contains four players with more than 100 caps, and goalkeeper Fernando Muslera (97) and forward Luis Suarez (98) should reach their century by the end of the group stage. The potent forward pairing of Suarez and Edinson Cavani have also scored 93 international goals between them.

All the omens point to a Uruguayan win. The South Americans come into this fixture on a run of three consecutive victories, while Egypt are without a win in 2018 and are yet to taste victory at a World Cup.

LAWRO'S PREDICTION

Even if Salah is at his best, it is going to be hard for Egypt to get out of this group, in their first World Cup since 1990.

Uruguay have lots of big-game experience and they will be looking to Suarez to provide some star quality to go with it.

Prediction: 0-1

MATCH FACTS

Head-to-head

  • Uruguay beat Egypt in their only previous encounter, defeating them 2-0 in Alexandria in August 2006.
  • The Uruguayans are unbeaten against African opposition at the World Cup (W1, D2), while this will be Egypt's first meeting with a South American side at the tournament.

Egypt

  • Egypt have never won a game at the World Cup finals (D2, L2).
  • This is the Pharaohs' first World Cup appearance since 1990 and their third overall. They lost 1-0 to England in their last game in the tournament.
  • Head coach Hector Cuper is making his World Cup debut as a head coach. His only previous major tournament in charge of Egypt saw them reach the Africa Cup of Nations final in 2017, where they lost 2-1 to Cameroon.
  • Goalkeeper and captain Essam El Hadary could become the oldest player in World Cup history (45 years and 151 days).
  • Mohamed Salah scored five goals in the third round of African qualifying, more than any other player.
  • Salah will celebrate his 26th birthday on the day of the game.

Uruguay

  • Two-time champions Uruguay have only progressed beyond the round of 16 once in their last six World Cup appearances, when they finished fourth in 2010.
  • Uruguay have only lost one of their last eight World Cup group games (W4, D3).
  • However, they have failed to win their opening game at the last six World Cup tournaments (D3, L3).
  • This is Oscar Tabarez's fourth World Cup appearance as a head coach (1990, 2010, 2014 and 2018), more than any other coach at this year's tournament.
  • Edinson Cavani was the top scorer in South American qualifying with 10 goals.
  • Luis Suarez has recorded five goals and two assists in eight World Cup games.
  • Published in Sports

‘Breakthrough’ discovery inside Giza Pyramid baffles scientists

Scientists have discovered a secret, giant void hiding inside the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. Located above the pyramid’s Grand Gallery, the 30-meter-long void inside Khufu's Pyramid remains a mystery.

Its size suggests it plays an important role in the tomb’s structure. It’s the first discovery of its kind since the 19th century.

“These results constitute a breakthrough for the understanding of Khufu’s Pyramid and its internal structure,” the scientists explained in a journal published in Nature.

READ MORE: Pyramid scheme: Mysterious chambers found hidden in ancient Giza structure

Scientists uncovered the void as part of the ScanPyramids project that dates back to 2015. The chamber was found using cosmic-ray imaging and by recording subatomic particles, a practice known as muon radiography, which bounces inside the structure providing an outline for 3D reconstruction of the space.

https://cdni.rt.com/files/2017.11/original/59fb10e0fc7e93886a8b4567.jpg© ScanPyramids mission / AFP

This method allows researchers to visualize the known and potentially unknown voids in the pyramid in a non-invasive manner.

This large void has therefore been detected with a high confidence by three different muon detection technologies and three independent analyses,” the scientists said. “While there’s currently no information about the role of this void, these findings show how modern particle physics can shed new light on the world’s archaeological heritage.”

Second part of ancient Egyptian statue lifted from site

CAIRO -- The three-ton torso of a massive statue that may be of one of Egypt's most famous pharaohs was lifted Monday from mud and groundwater where it was recently discovered in a Cairo suburb.

The torso was pulled by a crane as dozens of workers supported it while being moved to dry land where it was covered by a white fabric.

The first part of the colossus -- a large portion of the head -- was pulled up Thursday.

Related Stories

  • The Ministry of Antiquities said the statue's parts would be assembled at the Egyptian museum in central Cairo, where they would be pieced together and restored before being moved to the yet-to-open Grand Egyptian Museum near the Giza Pyramids.

    The statue is likely of Ramses II, who took the throne in his early 20s and ruled Egypt for 60 years more than 3,000 years ago. He is credited with expanding ancient Egypt's reach as far as modern Syria to the east and modern Sudan to the south.

    The expansion earned him the title "Ramses the Great."

    The statue was discovered last week by a German-Egyptian archaeological team in the Cairo district of Matariya.

     

  • Published in Culture

Archaeologists in Egypt discover massive statue in Cairo slum

Archaeologists in Egypt discovered a massive statue in a Cairo slum that may be of Pharaoh Ramses II, one of the country's most famous ancient rulers.

The colossus, whose head was pulled from mud and groundwater by a bulldozer and seen by the Associated Press on Friday, is around 26 feet high and was discovered by a German-Egyptian team.

Egyptologist Khaled Nabil Osman said the statue was an "impressive find" and the area is likely full of other buried antiquities.

"It was the main cultural place of ancient Egypt. Even the Bible mentions it," he said. "The sad news is that the whole area needs to be cleaned up. The sewers and market should be moved."

Ramses II ruled Egypt more than 3,000 years ago and was a great builder whose effigy can be seen at a string of archaeological sites across the country.

Massive statues of the warrior-king can be seen in Luxor, and his most famous monument is found in Abu Simbel, near Sudan.

Osman said the massive head removed from the ground was made in the style that Ramses was depicted and likely was him. The site contained parts of both that statue and another.

Egypt is packed with ancient treasures, many of which remain buried. The sites open to tourists often are empty of late as the country has suffered from political instability that has scared off foreigners since its Arab Spring uprising in 2011.

  • Published in World

Best Egyptian Collection in Latin America Revealed in Cuba

Havana, Feb 3 (Prensa Latina) The details of the most important Egyptian collection in Latin America are compiled in a single volume, presented at the Universal Art Building of the Cuban National Museum of Fine Arts (MNBA).

The catalog - unveiled yesterday as the result of more than a year of work of the Egyptian Art curator of MNBA, Aymée Chicuri and Egyptologists Milagros Álvarez and Irene Morfini of Spain, and Italy, respectively - collects all the pieces, including the latest discoveries of the valuable collection.

The catalog will project beyond the Antilles limits the particularities of the inventory initiated by Dr. Joaquín Gumá Herrera, Count of Lagunillas (1909-1980), Chicuri told Prensa Latina.

'One interesting thing about this collection is that it has a large enough number of pieces to cover everything that is the history of Egypt, from prehistory to the Greco-Roman period,' Canarian Egyptologist Milagros Álvarez who is part of the Canarian- Tuscany with Irene Morfini, explained.

In this way, the three authors decided to do something different in this book by including historical introductions to each of these periods, so that, in addition to being scientific, the volume also acquires informative nuances that can serve students, mainly Cubans, who are interested in Egyptology.

The rooms dedicated to Egyptian art currently exhibit more than a hundred pieces under a thematic criterion that offers domestic and foreign visitors different aspects of life and death in Pharaonic Egypt.

  • Published in Culture
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