Cuban Science in Figures (+ Infographic)

Villa Clara celebrates today the central event for the Day of Cuban Science, instituted in 1990, on the occasion of the three decades of that intervention by the top leader of the Cuban Revolution.


On a day like today, but of year 1960, during the celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the Speleology Society of Cuba, in the paraninfo of the Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana (current headquarters of the National Museum of History of Science and Technology), Commander in Chief Fidel Castro delivered a historic speech where he emphasized: "The future of our country must necessarily be a future of men of science, of men of thought." This date has been chosen to commemorate the Day of Cuban Science.


Nearly 90 thousand workers, mostly women, intervened in 2018 in the activity of science and technology, a figure that represents a considerable increase compared to previous years.


More than 60,000 had university level in that same period, according to the Cuba newsletter: science and technology indicators 2000-2028, published in Spanish and English by the corresponding ministry (CITMA) and provided to the Cuban News Agency.


In the middle level, 14 845, in total 16 000 people received their scientific degrees and the number of researchers reached 22 500, from the average time spent by teachers of higher education.


By occupational category, 83.6% worked in the technical area, 7.9% in the area of
​​operators, 5.7% as executives, 2.7% in services, and 0.2% as managers.



Just in 2018 alone there were 214 groups of science, technology, and innovation, 135 of them were research centers, 19 of them scientific and technological services, as well as 60 facilities for development and innovation.


According to its institutional organization, 59 were companies, 79 budgeted units and 76 budgeted units with special management.


Serial scientific publications include more than 200 titles, 79% of which are digital, which favors greater reach and less cost.

The most recurrent subjects are those of medical, agrarian, and pedagogical sciences, which exceeded the 10% of the total.

By the end of 2018, the applications for register of industrial designs reached 21, 12 of them were granted and the invention coefficient was 0.09.

The specialists of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment agreed that national development in this specific field is due to the policy expressed by Commander in Chief Fidel Castro 60 years ago in a famous speech at the Auditorium of the Academy of Sciences of Cuba.

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Silk-covered Poison

Since the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, Washington and its acolytes (aware or unaware) have acted on a very complex board.

They don’t forgive, firstly, that it put an end to its status as a U.S. neo-colony.

Neither, that it began to promote a socio-economic program in favor of the majority.


Those first signs were more than enough for Washington to decide to eliminate the new power.



Only hours after the arrival in Havana of the Rebel Army with Fidel Castro leading, a campaign of lies against Cuba began.



The main version assured that in the midst of a "bloodbath" opponents of the Revolution were executed.



What happened actually? The trials of torturers and murderers of the pro-North American tyranny of Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar.



There were so many slanders, that Fidel Castro called a huge press conference named Operation Truth.



In the middle of that first month of 1959 several hundred foreign journalists arrived in Havana.



Those lies were then smashed, although Washington has never given up using them.



The propaganda machinery of the United States has gone through the most unthinkable anti-Cuban lies.



Their objective? Essentially misinterpret the reality of that neighboring nation and adjust it to their convenience.



In order to achieve this goal, as a permanent style they use three key elements:

The falsehood, the half lies, and everything that contributes to raise doubts.



They pay close attention to those they value as local enemies, the uninformed, and the naive.



They save some space next to those for the hyper-critics who can’t even run their own houses properly.



Finally, those self-proclaimed untouchables, or at least difficult to touch.

This is how the silk-covered poison has existed until today.

Tribute to Fidel Castro on the Anniversary of the Revolution

Santiago de Cuba, January 2 (RHC)- - The top authorities of the Party and Government in Santiago de Cuba, together with the Hero of the Republic of Cuba, Antonio Guerrero, paid tribute this January 1st to Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz on the 61st anniversary of the triumph of the Revolution.

Lazaro Expósito Canto, first secretary of the Party in the province, and Beatriz Johnson Urrutia, president of the government, led the tribute with the laying of flowers next to the granite monolith that treasures the ashes of the historical leader in the Santa Ifigenia heritage cemetery.

Also, on this memorable date, homage was paid to the National Hero José Martí, the Father of the Homeland, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and the Mambisa mother, Mariana Grajales.

Accompanying Santiago's top leaders were representatives of the territory's mass and political organizations.

Edited by Jorge Ruiz Miyares
  • Published in Cuba

Cuba 2019: «We Have a Unique People!»

When speaking about the strength and collaboration of Cubans as a result of the energy situation experienced this year, President Miguel Díaz-Canel expressed with admiration «We have a unique people! Thanks, Cuba ». It’s an idea he has repeated and at a time of summarizing this 2019 which is about to end, it’s worth saying it to each of the 12 months.


Because the year was just beginning and forces and efforts were already at work when on January 27th the most powerful tornado ever recorded since 1940 wreak havoc in Havana.


The municipalities 10 de October, Guanabacoa, Regla, San Miguel del Padrón, and Habana del Este were the most affected. The balance was six deaths, nearly 1238 homes partially destroyed, substantial damage to the economy and services.


But another tornado, of solidarity and dedication, united wills to restore the damage in record time.


The capital was just starting to get back on its feet when the entire country, two months after the tornado, suffered the ravages, not of nature, but of an unquenchable hatred: the hostility of the U.S. government and its unsuccessful attempts to destroy what has been achieved in this island.


On March 15th, the U.S.
Chargé d'Affairesin Havana, Mara Tekach, announced that from the 18th of that month, his country will reduce the validity of the B2 visa from 5 years to three months for Cuban citizens, with only one entry. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cuba strongly rejects the new escalation, which has not stopped and has marked with particular resentment the existence of Cubans in this 2019.

But with the courage and confidence that characterize this people, and as a result of a constitutional referendum where 86.85% of voters supported a new Magna Carta, on April 10th the new Constitution of the Republic of Cuba was proclaimed during the second extraordinary session of the Ninth Legislature of the National Assembly of People’s Power.



Back then, the Army General Raúl Castro Ruz delivered the proclamation speech, where he highlighted that "The Constitution we proclaim today guarantees the continuity of the Revolution and the determination of our socialism."


With the same principle with which the new Constitution was received, on International Worker’s Day millions of Cubans paraded throughout the country, in response to the summoning made during the 21st CTC Congress, held on April.


A motivation to increase efficiency and quality at work, while improving the quality of life of many Cubans were the measures approved by the Council of Ministers on June 27th.


The purpose of these measures was to promote an economic strategy based on the maximum use of domestic proficiencies and human resources. The measures included a salary increase in the budgeted sector and also the pensions that benefited more than two million 750 thousand Cubans.


Cubans can boast in this 2019 of the resistance to withstand difficulties and attacks, and we must add to the list the unprecedented heat that accompanied this summer. However, Cuban athletes knew how to train under high temperatures and even long before that.


The profits of their effort were tangible on August 12th after occupying position fifth in the ranking of medals in the Pan American Games of Lima-2019, where our athletes won 98 medals, 33 of them were gold medals.

Even without traces of high temperatures dissipating, on September 2nd began the Academic Year 2019-2020. The national ceremony for that event, which implies in one way or another every Cuban family, took place at the José María Heredia high school, precisely one of the schools damaged by the tornado that hit Havana in January.


On September 11th and 12th, Cubans sat before their TV sets to grasp every last detail of a special Round Table program where the President of Cuba announced measures to face the energy situation that, as the tearing winds of the tornado, marked the everyday life of the country.


Together with the Council of Ministers, Díaz-Canel announced on television the energy situation of the Island and the alternatives to overcome this situation with the participation of the people.


With the same sense of responsibility and commitment he showed when commenting on savings and creativity, the Cuban president had completed his first year in power on April 18th.

On October 10th, a relevant date for the history of Cuba since 1968, as a result of the new Constitution, Díaz-Canel was elected President of the Republic, and Salvador Valdés Mesa as Vice President. Until that moment, Díaz-Canel also held the presidency of the Councils of State and Ministers.


Only a fortnight had passed since his election as President of the Republic when he was responsible for informing, also at the Special Round Table program of new economic measures.


On October 15th, and 16th, these measures were announced, not just with the purpose of enduring the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the U.S. government to Cuba, but to develop economy.

A day after the last television appearances, a piece of news shocked deep the people of Cuba: the death of Alicia Alonso.


The greatest exponent of a school and art commitment to Homeland, the Prima Ballerina Assoluta Alicia Alonso died at age 98. Raúl Castro and Díaz-Canel were the last ones to pay their respects on October 20th at the Great Theater of Havana, named after the dancer.


From the most progressive spaces of that same world, more than 1,200 people from 96 nations came together in Cuba early in November to participate in the Anti-Imperialist Solidarity Meeting, for Democracy and against Neoliberalism.


From November 1st -3rd this important meeting took place in Havana, whose closing ceremony was attended by Raúl Castro, Díaz-Canel and Nicolás Maduro, president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

The echoes of so many left-wing voices that rose in the Cuban capital against the U.S. blockade imposed on the Island and in favor of so many fair causes resounded, when on November 7th the United Nations approved the draft resolution "Need to Put an End to the Economic, Commercial and Financial Blockade imposed by the United States of America against Cuba ».


The Cuban Foreign Minister presented the document to the United Nations General Assembly and was approved with 187 votes in favor; three against and two abstentions.


By then, the country's capital was almost ready for one of the most relevant events of the year, which took place on November 16th: The 500th Anniversary of Havana.




Although the event had its climax that day with the Grand Gala 500
Anniversary at the esplanade outside the restored Capitol Building of Havana, celebrations had begun a lot earlier and especially preparations and efforts for the capital of all Cubans, which resulted in several social works and renovations to heritage buildings, including the National Capitol Building.


But as the citizens of this Island have learned long ago and with Fidel to make our own the pains and conflicts that occur abroad, next to the effervescence of the celebrations for the 500 years we still feel together with the Chilean people who protested and was repressed, and also with the Bolivian people, whose president, Evo Morales suffered a coup d’état.


As a result of this event, on November 17th and 18th, the Cuban collaborators in the Medical Brigade in Bolivia returned to Cuba. In the second group arrived the four who had been arbitrarily detained as part of the violence unleashed in that country.


The following at the international airport Antonio Maceo of Santiago de Cuba, the plane from Quito landed with the last 183 Cuban health workers. This return was the result of the decision of the government of that South American country, not to renew the agreements signed with the Ministry of Public Health of Cuba.


This last month of 2019 became a prominent place on the calendar with the completion, on the 14th, of the
XVII Summit of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America-Peoples Trade Treaty(ALBA-TCP), to commemorate the 15 years of this Alliance, founded by Fidel Castro and Hugo Rafael Chávez.


The main goal of the Summit was to deepen this alliance as an expression of the objectives of regional independence and an example of integration against the growing threats to regional self-determination, sovereignty, peace, and stability.

Raúl and Díaz-Canel presided over the mass act at the steps of Havana University, which served as a climax to the great meeting, which reaffirmed the Alliance as a platform for political coordination in defense of independence, peace and integration, from solidarity and cooperation.

As a result of the very same imperial hostility often denounced at the ALBA-TCP Summit, on December 15th the general director for the United States of the Cuban Foreign Ministry, Carlos Fernández de Cossío, warned of an aggravation of tensions between that country and Cuba for the violence of the people in charge of the North American foreign policy.



The Cuban diplomat meant that those running the policy of the United States to the western hemisphere are people with very extreme and aggressive behaviors towards the island, whose intention is to cause the breaking of all ties and the closure of the embassies of Havana and Washington. He clarified that the Cuban authorities do not want such an eventuality, but they are ready for it despite their willingness to build a respectful and civilized relationship with the United States.

  • Published in Specials

President of Cuba recalls Fidel Castro's words about unity

Havana, Dec 29 (Prensa Latina) President Miguel Díaz-Canel recalled today the words of the leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, about the importance of unity to succeed and have the strength to resist adversity.

The president published the phrase of Fidel in his Twitter account which culminates stating that the Revolution will remain standing despite the pressures.

In another message on that social network, Díaz-Canel shared an opinion article published this Sunday in the local newspaper Juventud Rebelde.

The text highlights the triumphs of the process led by Fidel in Cuba and that reaches its 61st anniversary on January 1.

  • Published in Cuba

Sri Lankan graduates in Cuba pay tribute to Fidel Castro

The Sri Lankan Association of Graduates in Cuba paid tribute in Colombo to the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, on the occasion of the 3rd anniversary of his death.

Dr. Nirsha Fernando, on behalf of the graduates, highlighted the validity of Fidel Castro's ideas, while thanking him for the opportunity to become professionals to serve their country.

The graduates also reiterated once again their rejection of the unjust and genocidal blockade imposed by the US government against Cuba for almost 60 years, as well as the intense and slanderous crusade Washington is carrying out against the international medical cooperation of the Caribbean island.

According to diplomatic sources, Cuban Ambassador to Sri Lanka Juana Elena Ramos Rodriguez and relatives of the graduates attended the activity.

  • Published in Cuba

President Diaz-Canel remembers when leaders Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez first met in Cuba

Havana, December 14 (RHC)-- Cuban president Miguel Díaz-Canel paid tribute to leaders Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez, on occasion of the 25th anniversary of their first meeting here in Havana on December 13th, 1994.

On his Twitter account, Diaz-Canel recalls an article by former Cuban ambassador to Venezuela Germán Sánchez published on Cubadebate website. It reviews the countless meetings between both leaders, their friendship and the admiration they felt for each other, as well as the projects they designed and created together toward regional independence and integration.

The article also recalls the speech delivered by the Bolivarian leader at the Aula Magna of the University of Havana, when he affirmed that Cuba was a bastion of Latin American dignity.

Even before personally meeting Chavez, Fidel perceived many qualities in the young Venezuelan revolutionary, specially his strong commitment to Latin American and Caribbean independence and integration.

In 1998, Hugo Chavez won a landslide electoral victory in Venezuela and began a process of profound economic, social, cultural and political transformations called the Bolivarian Revolution, which lives on today 6 years after his death.

Edited by Lena Valverde Jordi

  • Published in Cuba

Diaz-Canel remembers meeting between Fidel and Chavez in Cuba

Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel recalled today the first meeting between leaders Fidel Castro and Hugo Chávez in Havana in 1994.

Fidel and Chavez, their first hug, historic and memorable, wrote Díaz-Canel on his Twitter account where he attached a link to an article in Cubadebate website.

The article, signed by Cuban former ambassador in Venezuela, Germán Sánchez, narrates the various meetings between both leaders and their friendship, which resulted in a regional project of independence in several areas.

He also remembers Chavez's speech at the Aula Magna of the University of Havana when he expressed that Cuba was a bastion of Latin American dignity.

On the other hand, Fidel, an advance to his time, perceived in the young Venezuelan revolutionary his oratory qualities and commitment to the liberation of Latin America and the Caribbean.

Four years later, Chavez swept at the polls in his country and began a process of transformations in the society, economy, politics and culture known as the Bolivarian Revolution.

  • Published in Cuba
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