Cuba Advocates for Development to Balance Migration Flow

Cuba has advocated today at the United Nations Office at Geneva to guarantee the full realization of the right to development in the world, which is a way to balance global migration flow.

Cuba representative, Luis Alberto Amoros, stated that analyzing the issue in depth is crucial to analyze the causes for which millions of people emigrate each year, even risking their lives.

'The many problems associated to migration, as its exponential increase to the industrialized world, theft of talent from developing countries and the exacerbation of the shameful discrimination and violation against migrants could only attack the structural causes of migration,' he said.

During an interactive dialogue on the human rights of migrants in the context of great movements, Amoroso defended the need for a substantial modification of the unjust and exclusive international economic order, to act on the origin of migration.

'It also requires a genuine responsibility of the main industrialized countries with international peace and security, and the abandonment of their hegemonic interests that generate situations of instability.'

An international cooperation that guarantees genuine dialogue and collaboration is vital, the shared responsibility of all States in migration matters is recognized, as the respect to the sovereignty and equality of all countries, the Cuban representative stated.

'Of course, this cooperation should ensure the integrity, dignity and welfare of migrants,' he said.

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United States: Resistance against Trump Grows.

The Miami Journal, a digital publication of that city, showed this Sunday the following title: The Trump Revolution, "Chaos, indignation, and dozens of people affected by presidential veto".

According to EFE agency, the measures approved this Friday by Trump, under the pretext of protecting the country against terrorism were denounced by organizations that believe them unconstitutional.

Those dispositions establish to prevent for 90 days the granting of visa and entry to all citizens from Iraq, Syria, Iran, Sudan, Libya, Somalia, and Yemen, as well as the welcoming of refugees for 120 days.

Who were the first victims? Parents travelling to the U.S. to meet their families, universities students from those countries or refugees escaping war conflict zones.

The Miami agency also reported that, during the first 24 hours, there were cases of people who weren’t given authorization to fly towards the United States from Egypt, Turkey or Holland.

But also, for example, in New York, more than a dozen of travelers were arrested at JFK airport, next to two Iraqis who carried their visa in order.

One of them, Hameed Jhalid Darweesh, was released after hours of arrest only through the intervention of several organizations and two North American congress members.

Darweesh had been granted visa for him and his family after having cooperated for years with the Pentagon armed forces in Iraq.

"I supported the U.S. Government in the other side of the world, but when I’ve got here they told me 'no', and they treated me like I had broken the rules and done something really ban ", he declared.

For example, they took up to 12 hours confirming half-way that the temporary veto includes the citizens from those seven countries, "regardless if they had permanent residency in the United States."

Including people residing legally in United States for years, "forced now to get an exemption to return there, a process that will come to a decision "case by case."

According to journalistic investigations, nearly 500 000 citizens from those seven nations have earned the permanent residence in the last ten years.

The Wall Street Journal hinted that citizens from these countries count - even though- with passport from another nation, something that will be public shortly.

Bottom line is? No one can deny that in this huge board a marked delicate situation is brewing.

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Cuba Ensures Regular, Safe and Orderly Migration for its Citizens

Cuban diplomat, Josefina Vidal, has reiterated here Cuba''s commitment to ensure the regular, safe and orderly migration of the citizens of the Caribbean country, as well as their right to travel and to emigrate.

The general director of the United States Department at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs made these statements, after the elimination yesterday by the U.S. government of the so-called ‘wet-foot, dry-foot' policy and the parole program for health professionals that encouraged illegal migration to the United States.

On the approval of the agreement on migratory issues between Cuba and the United States, Vidal asserted that a serious problem for the security of both countries and that of our citizens has been eliminated.

That preferential treatment had created serious problems for the security of Cuba, the United States and our citizens, who were exposed to human trafficking, immigration fraud and violence, she said at the International Press Center in this capital.

With this agreement, the Cubans are equaled in migratory terms with the rest of the citizens of the world, and will be subject to U.S. laws, Vidal said.

She also noted that the elimination of those practices, as well as the current Cuban Adjustment Act, was a claim Cuba made for many years to the United States.

She considered that this significant step in the bilateral relations responds to the national interest of the two countries.

Vidal reiterated that the agreement reached by the United States and Cuba is an example of the interest by both governments in normalizing relations.

It is based on the principles and purposes of the United Nations Charter and the political will to strengthen the bilateral ties and to establish new understandings on issues of common interest, she stated.

She also pointed out that there is still a group of pending issues to advance in the relations, such as other policies used for more than five decades within an aggressive and hostile arsenal towards our country. Vidal mentioned the economic, commercial and financial blockade and the territory occupied by of the U.S. naval base in the eastern province of Guantanamo against the will of the Cuban people.

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Cuba and the U.S.A. to Talk about Migration and Struggle vs. Drug Trafficking

The United States and Cuba will hold talks as on Monday on migration and the struggle against drug trafficking, within the process of normalization of their bilateral relations, as informed on Thursday by the State Department and confirmed a by a source of the Cuban Foreign Ministry, the Cubadebate website reported.

Representatives of the two governments will meet on Monday at the State Department in Washington to maintain their biannual migration talks, and on Tuesday they will hold the second round of their dialogue on the struggle against drug trafficking, also in the U.S. capital, the Cubadebate Web site highlights.

Cuba will reiterate its opposition to the Cuban Adjustment Act and related regulations, like the dry feet-wet feet policy and the Parole Program for Cuban medical professionals, which encourages illegal emigration to the United States, confirmed the local Foreign Ministry.

The foundation of the migration dialogue between the two countries lies in the agreements of 1994 and 1995, by way of which the U.S. and Cuba committed themselves to maintain a "safe, legal and orderly" immigration and meet every six months to review the implementation of these agreements.

The last session of the migration dialogue was held in January, 2015, in Havana, and the one corresponding to mid 2015 was postponed until now because it would have coincided with the reopening of embassies in the respective capitals, adds an official note by the State Department.

According to the text, the Cuban delegation will be headed on Monday by the Director General of the United States Office of the Foreign Ministry, Josefina Vidal; and that of the United States by the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the U.S. for South America and Cuba, Alex Lee.

On Tuesday, officials of the Cuban government and of several U.S. agencies -the State Department, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) and the Coast Guard- will hold a meeting on drug trafficking.

The meeting will focus on "discussing ways to stop the illegal flow of narcotics to and from Cuba and the United States, and exploring ways in which the two countries can cooperate in this matter," reads the note by the State Department.

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Migration in Central America: A Phenomenon with Dangerous Tentacles

Central America, due to its geographical condition, its economic development and the very history of the region is one of the world’s areas where migration is emphasized.

The isthmus is not just a corridor for migrants, mainly south to north, but rather from its countries. It’s considerable the amount of people looking for new opportunities of life.

The causes are plentiful and range from the lack of sustained economic development, socio-political uncertainty, civil wars, insecurity, even the mirages shown by United States of the so-called American Dream.

Nearly 200 thousand Central Americans attempt to cross the Mexican border yearly in their route to the U.S., many of them are children unaccompanied.

Only in the 2009-2014 period, about 77 thousand 243 minors from Central American entered the U.S. unauthorized: 27 thousand 579 came from Guatemala, 25 thousand 985 from Honduras and 23 thousand 679 from El Salvador.

The risky trip is stalked by threads like organized crime, extortions, the U.S. anti-migratory laws, physical lesions, robberies, murders, accidents for falls in trains carrying goods, sexual abuses, and in the end the likely deportation.

November last year, former Guatemala president Otto Pérez Molina; the Honduran leader, Juan Orlando Hernández, and from El Salvador, Salvador Sánchez Cerén, together with the United States vice-president, Joe Biden, presented the Plan of the Alliance for Prosperity of the North Triangle at the headquarters of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

The plan, questioned by many analysts, was created to seek a solution to the so-called crisis of migrant children, and offers to promote the development, economic growth and the security in the region thus preventing illegal emigration.

The initiative is the answer to the meeting of the three Central American leaders with their North American counterpart Barack Obama, three months ago in Washington, after the crisis unleashed by the thousands of minor migrants detained at border detention facilities of the U.S. in 2013 and 2014.

The financing of the plan will include the U. S., the IDB and the World Bank, among other international parts, together with the resources that the governments of the three countries would supply.

Yet for the Guatemalan economist and journalist Luis Solano, the proposal tends to become a new inventing project with a private character that will consolidate the strongest economic groups. This can lead to new waves of migrants, just as it has been happening steadily in the past 40 years.

The recent Cuban migratory movement of about three thousand toward the U.S., stranded in Costa Rica, and that led to a special meeting in El Salvador of the countries the Central American Integration System (CAIS) plus Cuba, Ecuador, Colombia, and Mexico, evidenced another side of the issue.

While for the Central American to immigrate undocumented to the United States, get there and settle legally is much more than an odyssey, for Cubans, because of the North American laws, it’s practically a respect.

At the CAIS meeting plus four all chancellors rejected the Cuban Adjusting Law and other regulatory schemes that encourage illegal emigration of Cubans to the U.S.

In a statement to Prensa Latina, the Foreign Affairs minister of El Salvador, Hugo Martínez, qualified as discriminatory laws with other migrants (Cuban Adjusting Law, the dry-feet, wet-feet politics, and the Program of Parole for Professional Cuban Doctors).

He underlined that the benefits of those regulations do not apply to Central America migrants.

He reiterated that the participant nations in the meeting are willing to contribute to a solution to that hairy situation that undergo three thousand Cuban migrants.

"But there is a structural problem on which we draw the attention of the United States and the other countries of the region, and it’s the fact that we must search for the application of similar standards and that all must have equality", he stressed.

In this context Costa Rica insisted on making Nicaragua responsible of "the crisis" of migrants for not accepting to open a humanitarian corridor in this country.

Managua sustains that agreeing to San José's imposition would legitimate those unilateral measures that encourage "an insecure, unworthy, disordered and illegal migration that affects Cuba and that is already affecting the Central American region".

At the end of the encounter, the Salvadoran chancellor explained that CAIS members will "unilaterally" announce the measures that will find a solution for the problem created in the last days and that shed lights on other sides.

The migratory phenomenon in the region is today more than a derivative matter of the traditional poverty and lack of opportunities. It’s a business with economic and political tentacles that can lead to other dangers like destabilization of countries and even regional, while exacerbating differences.

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EU Calls on Europe to Unite against Migration Crisis

PARIS – European Union Commissioner for Migration Dimitris Avramopoulos said on Monday that the current migration crisis has not only left Greece in a critical situation but all of Europe, calling on all member states to act together against a global issue.

  • Published in World
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