Cuban parliament set to elect president

Cuba's National Assembly of People's Power (Parliament, ANPP), the supreme body of the Cuban State, will see the election of the country's senior officials in a session opening on Thursday, including the President and Vice President of the Republic.

ANPP members will also elect the president, vice president and secretary of the legislative body, who will assume equal responsibilities in the Council of State, whose members will also be elected tomorrow.

The Council of State represents the ANPP between parliamentary sessions, it executes its agreements and complies with other functions attributed according to the Constitution and law.

According to Cuba's new Constitution approved in April of this year, the ANPP 'represents the entire people and expresses their sovereign will.' It is also the only body in the Republic of Cuba with constitutional and legislative power.

The Constitution provides that the ANPP is composed of lawmakers elected through the free, equal, direct and secret vote of the electorate, in proportion and according to the procedure determined by law.

The National Assembly of People's Power is elected for a five-year period and this term may only be extended by a majority vote of no less than two thirds of its members.

This can occur only in exceptional circumstances that prevent the normal holding of elections and as long as such circumstances persist.

The ANPP has the responsibility to agree on reforms to the Constitution, approve, modify or repeal laws, and submit them previously to popular consultation when necessary.

It exercises constitutional control over laws, decree-laws, presidential decrees and other general provisions.

It approves the principles of the economic and social development system; discusses and approves the State budget and monitors compliance.

Among its responsibilities is to approve the monetary, financial and fiscal systems; establish, modify or eliminate taxes, and approve the general guidelines of the country's foreign and domestic policy.

It also assesses and adopts decisions on accountability reports presented to the Council of State, the President of the Republic, the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers, the People's Supreme Court, the Attorney General's Office and the Comptroller General of the Republic.

Agencies of the Central State Administration also render accounts to the ANNP, as well as provincial governments.

  • Published in Cuba

Important attributions for the State Council to be elected in Cuba

The Parliament of Cuba will elect the President and Vice President of the Republic on October 10, but before that the deputies will vote for the integration and ownership of the Council of State.

It is the collegiate body that represents the National Assembly of Popular Power between sessions, executes its agreements and fulfills other functions that the Constitution and the law attribute to it.

This is stated in the Magna Carta approved in April, whose article 121 provides that the president, vice president and secretary of the National Assembly of Popular Power are in turn the State Council, which cannot be integrated by members of the Council of Ministers nor the highest authorities of the judicial, electoral and state control bodies.

The election, like that of the highest state offices in the nation, was preceded by the approval in July of the new Electoral Law and the bureau of the National Candidacies Commission.

This body developed a consultation process with the deputies of the island between September 18 and 22.

It was an occasion to gather proposals on those legislators who must integrate the candidacy projects and will be submitted to Parliament for consideration this October 10.

Among the powers of the State Council is to ensure compliance with the Constitution and laws, issue decree-laws and agreements, and arrange for extraordinary sessions of Parliament.

Also summon and agree on the date of the elections to renew the National Assembly of Popular Power and municipal assemblies.

The Council of State can suspend presidential decrees, agreements and other provisions that contradict the Constitution and laws.

This body can assume, at the proposal of the President of the Republic, the powers to declare the State of War or War in the event of aggression or peace.

Likewise, among other attributions, ratify and denounce international treaties, approve the modalities of foreign investment that correspond to it and examine and approve, between one and another session of Parliament, the necessary adjustments to the State budget.

  • Published in Cuba
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