United Nations General Assembly to vote resolution on the US economic blockade

New York, November 1 (RHC)-- The UN General Assembly will vote today on the draft resolution calling for the end of the US blockade against Cuba. Foreign minister Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla told TeleSur  that once again the document will garner the overwhelming support of the international community.

The minister added that on Wednesday 31 delegations took the floor at the General Assembly Hall to voice their rejection of the hostile measure and called for the end of a policy that violates the human rights of an entire people.

Cuba's top diplomat noted that the United States has tried to distort the nature of the resolution with the addition of eight amendments which seeks to alter its content arguing presumed violations of human rights on the island, in order to obtain  a pretext to further reinforce the blockade.

Rodriguez projected that there will be a rejection of the US amendments, and that like on the 26 previopus occassions, the international community will flattly rejectythe long-standing hostile and extraterritorial measure.

Edited by Jorge Ruiz Miyares

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Blockade to Cuba Isolates United States at UN

United Nations, Oct 31 (Prensa Latina) The international community demonstrated on Wednesday at the UN, for the umpteenth time, its rejection of the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States against Cuba for almost six decades.

Representatives from all over the world raised their voices in the plenary session of the UN General Assembly to support a draft resolution, presented by Havana, against this punitive policy.

Latin America and the Caribbean denounced the U.S. strategy, which they considered an obstacle to the development of Cuba.

The economic, commercial and financial blockade violates international law and the UN Charter, and constitutes a violation of Cuba's right to interact fully with humanity, declared Venezuela's ambassador to the UN, Samuel Moncada.

Speaking on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement, Moncada denounced that the direct and indirect damage caused affects all Cuban sectors, including health, nutrition, agriculture, as well as investment, trade, tourism and banking.

Similarly, the Chinese ambassador, Ma Zhaoxu, called for respect for the legitimate right of peoples to self-determination and reaffirmed Beijing's opposition to unilateral sanctions imposed by other countries.

Both Vietnam and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) criticized the blockade for the damage caused to the Cuban people.

On behalf of the G-77 and China, Egyptian representative Amr Abdellatif Aboulatta condemned Trump's government's policy and reiterated the forum's commitment to the UN Charter, in particular the principle of non-intervention and non-interference in the internal affairs of states, which must be assumed by all.

As spokesman for the African group, the Moroccan Abdeslam Jasni urged Washington to put an end to this punitive measure, which he considered a stumbling block for the development of the island.

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High-level Debate Opened at the UN General Assembly

United Nations, Sep 25 (Prensa Latina) The UN General Assembly opened today the high-level debate of its seventy-third session, under the premise of making the United Nations relevant to all people.

The opening included a moment of silence in remembrance of the former Secretary General of the UN Kofi Annan, whose recent death still shocks the multilateral organization.

This first day will be marked by the intervention of several Latin American presidents: that of Ecuador, Mexico, Costa Rica, Peru, Colombia, Guatemala, Paraguay, Uruguay and the Dominican Republic, in accordance with the program foreseen by the UN.

As has been the tradition since 1947, Brazil opened the general debate, followed by the president of the host country of the United Nations, Donald Trump, who has been criticized for pushing the abandonment of his nation by several important international agreements and organizations.

A high-level meeting on United Nations peacekeeping operations is also scheduled for Tuesday, and on Wednesday the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons and a meeting on the fight against tuberculosis will be held.

Another meeting, on health, will take place on September 27 with the high-level meeting to carry out a comprehensive review of the prevention and control of no communicable diseases.

When the presidency of the largest UN agency took office the previous week, the Ecuadorian diplomat María Fernanda Espinosa recalled that in the General Assembly all countries have the same seat, the same button to vote, and the same right to ask for the floor and be listened.

But it is also urgent to make the UN more relevant to all people, and 'that will be the main focus of my work to get closer as an organization to society,' stressed the first Latin American woman to assume the head of the Assembly.

Precisely, the official theme of this high-level debate is 'to make the United Nations relevant to all people: global leadership and shared responsibilities for peaceful, equitable and sustainable societies.'

The General Assembly brings together the 193 member states of the UN and this year it is expected that more than 100 heads of States and Government will make their interventions in the high-level debate.

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Cuban President to New York for UN Debate

Havana, Sep 23 (Prensa Latina) Army General Raul Castro met Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel, who left on Sunday for New York to participate in the general debate of the 73rd session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.

In the farewell at the International Airport 'Jose Marti' was also present José Ramón Machado Ventura, Second Secretaries of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba.

The president heads the delegation of the island to the activities in the international organization, which is also integrated by Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez; Ministers of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment, Rodrigo Malmierca Díaz and Communications, Jorge Luis Perdomo.

According to an official report, the deputy minister of Foreign Affairs, Abelardo Moreno, is also part of the delegation; the director general of the United States of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Carlos Fernández de Cossío; Ambassador Anayansi Rodríguez, Permanent Representative to the United Nations; and José Ramón Cabañas, ambassador of Cuba Washington.

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Six Latin American Countries Boycott Temer's UN Address

The delegations of Ecuador, Costa Rica, Bolivia, Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua walked out of the auditorium as Temer began his address.

Brazilian President Michel Temer, who came to power following what has been widely condemned as a parliamentary coup against ex-President Dilma Rousseff, told the United Nations General Assembly Tuesday that the impeachment was "constitutional" while protesters outside hoisted banners and chanted "Out with Temer."

IN DEPTH: The Coup That Ousted Brazilian Democracy​

The delegations of Ecuador, Costa Rica, Bolivia, Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua walked out of the auditorium as Temer stepped to the dais to speak. In his address, Temer said that Brazil lives in a “full democracy” and insisted that the impeachment process against Rousseff followed a “constitutional order.”

He concluded by saying "We have given an example to the world."

Traditionally, Brazil has been the first country to address the General Assembly dating back to its 10th session in 1955, when other countries were reluctant to kick off the event, including the United Nation's host country, the United States. Brazil volunteered to speak first, and the tradition has endured for more than 60 years.

In his address, Temer also referred to the migrant crisis and the rise of extremism as global “deficits” and said his government is committed to addressing these issues. He also called on measures to reform the U.N. Security Council, which critics have long complained serves as an exclusive club with veto power that it can exercise against the larger body.

He also defended his neoliberal agenda that has produced deep cuts to popular educational social programs introduced and expanded under Rousseff and her predecessor, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva–popularly known as Lula– who was also of the Workers Party. Brazil, Temer said, is following the “right path.” He also stated that “development is more than an objective, it is an imperative… development is tantamount to dignity."

Temer faces very low approval ratings at home among Brazilians. He is scheduled to complete Rousseff’s presidential term until the next scheduled election in late 2018, and his government is pressing accusations of corruption against Lula, who is the odds-on-favorite to recapture the presidency.

 

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Cuba and its Experience in Disaster Awareness

The UN General Assembly created International Day for Disaster Reduction in 1989 and it was accompanied by a declaration the following decade (1990-1999) aimed at promoting it worldwide.

Every second Wednesday of October served to educate the population on the issue that includes preventive actions, mitigation and preparation.

It was in 2009 when the UN General Assembly established October 13th as the date to begin a joint effort aimed at advancing in achieving for communities and countries to cooperate in the reduction of disasters.

The world body reports that natural disasters that currently affect the different geographic regions are occurring more frequently and intense due to human activity and the occasional damages to the environment.

However, the effects of the potential catastrophe inflicted by flooding, tornadoes, flooding, tropical hurricanes, intense droughts and earthquakes are mostly unavoidable.

Before its force, in most cases devastating, it's best to carry out prevention measures to reduce the loss of human lives and economic materials.

Despite its scarce and difficult economic situation, Cuba has shown its successful experience in the field which has led to international recognition. Such the case of the International Congress on Disasters held in Havana.

The event calls out for officials, specialists, researchers and professionals in the world with the objective of creating an exchange of knowledge update the tools to face such events and create through these conventions international cooperation in the field.

Issues like medical cooperation, health disasters and the reorganization of the services in emergency situations in addition to mental health, gender equality in dangerous moments and family in in facing hurricanes are among the most important in the scientific debates.

Representatives of the United Nations in the Caribbean have highlighted the Cuban experience in the risk management and role of the Civil Defense, work which can be taken to other countries to help strengthen their own strategies according to the envoys of the world body.

In the early years of the Revolution, the Civil Defense System in the country dedicated its efforts in preparing the population for a possible military aggression. Later, the damages of Hurricane Florain 1963 demanded a priority from the State in case of any future natural disasters.

The continued development of the work led to the creation of the People´s Army of the Actions in Case of Disasters in 1986 which has been a unique experience for Cuba and among the main activities carried out by the Civil Defense each year.

In the beginning the actions were concentrated in one day prior to the start of the hurricane season. Later it was extended to a weekend with broader objectives including exercises with the participation of the community and specialized forces.

The objective is to get the participation of people, entities and state institutions aimed at minimizing the negative impacts and protection of the population and natural and economic resources before any exceptional situation.

Another of the advances is related to the study on the danger, vulnerability and risk of particular phenomenon which favor the development of measures to avoid any negative affects to the population and assure efficiency in the use of available resources.

Improving the capacities and collective education on the reduction of disasters is thanks to the Cuban government´s political will, conscience of the urgent need to pay close attention in countering the destructive power of these types of contingencies.

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