Venezuela Omdusman Slams 'Dangerous' Rise in Politically Motivated Hate Crimes

At least 86 people have died since opposition-led protests aimed at toppling the government began.

Venezuela’s ombudsman, Tarek William Saab, denounced on Sunday the rise in far-right hate crimes as the opposition calls for an escalation of protests against the government that have claimed the lives of over 80 people.

RELATED: Venezuelan Youth Burned for 'Being Chavista' Dies from Injuries

"Hate crimes, like lynchings, motivated by political reasons advance dangerously and with impunity in the country," Saab said.

He published a series of videos showing how a group of people protesting in the Tamanaco Commercial Center, CCCT in the capital city of Caracas tried to attack a woman and chased her down the mall. She was mistaken for Marlene de Andrade, the wife of Winston Vallenilla, the president of the state-run television station, TVes.

"We are struggling to change a country, where there is tolerance and all of us who think differently can live and facts like these do much harm. The lady here is a worker who was just doing an errand and she did not deserve this aggression," an unknown person is heard saying next to the woman in another video, in what appears to be bathroom inside the mall.

"What would have happened if the mob that chased this lady in the CCCT had managed to lynch her? Applauding this is condemnable," said Saab on Twitter.

At least 86 people have died since opposition-led protests aimed at toppling the government began, despite calls by President Nicolas Maduro for dialogue with opposition sectors. On May 1, President Maduro invoked the legal mechanism allowing him to call for a Constituent Assembly as a means to quell the unrest through a process that would include citizens in the writing of a new constitution for the South American nation. 

In addition to those killed, over 1,200 have been injured in the protests.

RELATED: Opposition Violence Suspected Behind Killing of Venezuelan Judge

Saab also accused the country's right-wing opposition of being behind recent attacks and threats against his family last week. He said some 30 people carrying flags of the opposition party Justice First attacked his family and threatened to burn their house down.

"Seeking aggression with intentions to injure or kill a human being because of their ideological stance is disgusting," Saab wrote on his Twitter account. "The justice system has can stop this despicable phenomenon that if it were to continue with impunity, would be the prologue of a civil war."

Saad denounced last week that opposition sectors have attacked eight of the headquarters of the Ombudsman's Office across the country, including an incident on Saturday when a "group of hooded men sprayed gasoline" at the headquarters in the city of San Cristobal "and attacked it with blunt objects."

Among the most shocking case of hate crime was the lynching of Orlando Figuera, who was burned alive on May 20 in affluent Caracas neighborhood of Altamira, reportedly because opposition protesters suspected that the 21-year-old Black man was a government supporter.

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Strategy against Cuba: Who is the bad guy?

The shift on US policy toward Cuba unleashed the pride of a sovereign people and owner of its fate.

Nobody in Cuba was on tenterhooks waiting for the imperial announcement, Cuban FM Bruno Rodriguez said on Monday. However, Cubans’ reaction following the speech by US President Donald Trump arose immediately.

The shift on the policy to follow with Cuba unleashed the anger of a sovereign people and owner of its fate.

Simple and wise words gathered the television newscast last June 16 by asking people about the measures that, according Trump, he will apply to toughen Washington’s economic, financial and commercial against this small island.

A young university student stated his indignation because of “the ignorance about Cuban history of the president, who calls heroes a group of mercenaries from the Bay of Pigs invasion who came to Cuba trained by U.S. and motivated by money rather than by a feeling of patriotism”.

Another student asserted he does not believe the US head of state has legitimacy to criticise the Cuban electoral system nor our state, when a system as corrupt as the United States was the one that put him in the White House without even having the popular vote.

A grey-haired man said, “Tell Trump that we Cubans think he is mad, that we support our Commander in Chief, that the Revolution will never end, that we will remain firm and that we will always say Long live Fidel”.

When asked whether human rights are respected in Cuba, a woman answered emphatically: “What does he know? He should visit us to see with his own eyes”. She also described the announcement of the new measures as a setback in the policy of friendship of our peoples and as a ridiculous action that a powerful country picks on a very small island, which has proven itself courageous and does not care about difficulties.

Likewise, a nurse denounced the difficulties faced by Cuban public health every day to offer medical care for children with cancer. “We had to buy medicines through third countries at higher prices”, she said.

For his part, Julio Enrique, a reader of our website, wrote: Thank you Mr Trump, because your clownings watched last Friday bring, first of all, the benefit of strengthening the Cuban people around the Revolution, the Government. Besides, I am leaving you a message: Your blockade will continue to reinforce our bravery.

Carlos, another CubaSí reader remarked: "I have just turned 59 years old and since I can remember I am listening to the same speech, how long the people of the United States with such great people who are scientists, intellectuals, will allow these caricatural characters to continue influencing that country’s governments in office, such as these pseudo-Cubans who are least concerned with Cuba and our people, except to continue enriching themselves with their very old note saying they love a Cuba they actually don’t agree with, because their story of raising funds will be over. That’s enough with the lies of Marcos Rubio, Ileana, the other Mario and their clique.

The real danger is Trump?

The show starred by Trump from Miami last Friday has caused an almost unanimous annoyance, but we should not forget that since 1959 all American administrations have worked hard to remove the thorn in the flesh meant by Cuba. We are a bad example, a small island that has been determined to defend its humanist-socialist project at all costs.

Although it is true that in his moment of glory Barack Obama and other senior officials have described the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States on Cuba as obsolete and meaningless, it hasn’t been to prevent Cuban families from the shortcomings and hardships it has caused, but because it is useless in order to put forward their own interests.

Not by choice Ben Rhodes, former adviser to former President Barack Obama, after Trump’s announcement, immediately published in The Atlantic magazine: “Trump’s new measures should be seen as the last illogical gasp of a strain of US politics with a 50-year track record of failure”.

Rhodes stresses that the instinct for isolation that Trump embraced will fail and in defense of Obama’s legacy, he states in the aforementioned publication that “It didn’t have to be this way and it won’t stay this way”.

A word to the wise is enough.

We should not overlook that the political maneuver implemented by the previous administration, on the basis of rapprochement and dialogue, equally bet on a regime change, the split of Cubans inside the island and the divorce of the private sector with the Cuban State, and judging by the security in Rhodes’s words, it doesn’t seem to be a dead strategy.

Unfortunately, Trump doesn’t have the political intelligence and image demanded by diplomacy at present. Nevertheless, although today his speech may mean a setback in bilateral relations and resumes the cold war policy, it takes credit with its direct confrontation against Cubans for increasing our unity and anti-imperialism.

Unintentionally, perhaps, the newly-elect US president has shattered the “peaceful” and dangerous strategy of his predecessor, labelled by many as an excellent actor.

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff

Trump ratifies his fight against the “tyranny of communism” in Cuba

“The fact is that the deal with Cuba is bad”, claimed Trump, who reaffirmed his aim to sweep with the great agreements signed by the previous Administration.

U.S. President Donald Trump pledged on Wednesday to fight the “tyranny of communism”, which in his opinion is applied on the island of Cuba.

"The United States will fight the tyranny of communism”, he stated during a speech before his supporters in the state of Iowa.

Trump, who retook actions against Cuba, ratified his interest in dismantling the agreements signed by former US President Barack Obama, particularly the warming of relations between Washington and Havana.

"The fact is that the deal with Cuba is bad”, said Trump, who advocated to achieving “a much better deal”.

The move announced by Trump last June 16 confirms the continuity of the economic, commercial and financial blockade on Cuba and toughens the restrictions over businesses with enterprises linked to authorities of Havana, besides banning private trips to the island.

Several countries in the world, especially from the American continent, have rejected the measures taken by Donald Trump and urged to resume the warming of relations started by the previous US Administration.

In his statements, Trump criticised again his predecessor in the White House, the “catastrophic” Paris Agreement and the “dishonest” media.

"This is great: Obama made a deal with Cuba, where thousands of people are incarcerated, made a deal with Iran; and then they say that Trump is a horrible person”, this is incredible”, he asserted.

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff

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US: Pregnant Black Woman Calling for Help Killed by Police in Front of Children

“There’s no reason for her to be shot in front of her babies,” Charleena Lyles' sister slammed.

A pregnant Black woman who had called the police to report an attempted burglary in her home was shot and killed by the cops that arrived on the scene Sunday morning in Seattle, Washington.

RELATED: Latino Police Officer Who Killed Philando Castile Walks Free

Police shot at 30-year-old Charleena Lyles multiples times in front of three of her four young children. Detectives have thus far justified the shooting saying Lyles was brandishing a knife. However, critics on social media are skeptical, saying that it is understandable a mother would feel protective of her children in the wake of an attempted robbery.

Lyles’ sister, Monika Williams, questioned the police’s excessive use of force.

“There’s no reason for her to be shot in front of her babies,” Williams yelled to reporters outside of the Brettler Family Place apartments where the shooting occurred, reported Inquisitr. “The Seattle Police shot the wrong one today.”

Seattle Police killed 32 yr old Charleena Lyles in front of her children today after she called to report a burglary.

Her brother, Domico Jones, also declared that officers didn't have to use lethal force.

"If worse came to worse, use a taser instead of a gun for someone that has three kids inside of their house," he stated. "I feel that it's not gonna bring no harm to nobody."

was pregnant, called the police to report a burglary. They shot her dead in front of her 2 children:


Lyles had just been released from jail Wednesday after serving time for an unrelated incident earlier this month where Lyles had armed herself with a pair of scissors as protection against her boyfriend. The young mother had been dealing with a number of mental health issues in the last year.

RELATED: BLM Files Lawsuit to Force Chicago Police Reform

"The obstruction was she wouldn't let go of her baby until I got here and she had some scissors in her hand. She didn't charge nobody or nothing," said Williams of the earlier incident, in which her sister had been charged on several accounts, including obstruction and harassment. "She just told them to call my sister and tell my sister gets here. And then when I got here, I told them then. 'Cause they didn't know whether to take her to jail or take her to mental health. Take here to mental health. She has mental health issues."

Organizations fighting against police brutality of Black people in the United States are raising alarm bells at yet another instance of this recurring kind. Williams has launched a GoFundMe page in Lyles' name.

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What does Centrism tell us at this stage in Cuba?

In international media corridors of certain academic degree rather than inside Cuba, some have tried to spread the idea that a democratic centrist current is developing in the national political sphere. The aim is, in principle, artificial; a theoretical construction that is supported by dissemination outlets that do not elaborate too much on its foundations, but in the package of symptoms that join together when it is about Cuba.  

From the strategic prospect with which conventional politics is handled today, not approaching the foundations, either your own ones or those of the adversary to defeat, is essential. This is the only way to enter into the so-called aestheticization of politics and make it an exercise of the trivialization of work for the improvement of society.

The current foundations of that artificial centrism are based on the so-called third political way, globally boasted by Tony Blair, though centered on five major points developed by sociologist Anthony Giddens, ideologist par excellence of this trend. The five points of Giddens are:

Dominance and implications of globalization

Trivialization of the meaning of left and right as political stances

Individualism as a framework for citizens’ goals

Degradation of all political mediations

Integration of ecological problems into social politics [1]

Its history dates much further back in time, when the European social democracy was looking for the most ethical solution, truly terrified by the progress of the revolutionary changes that left from the conceptions of Marx and Engels about the bourgeois state and that came true in the October Socialist Revolution, wise and ideologically led Lenin. So, the same way that Marx Weber proposed Protestantism as an option to the revolution encouraged by Marx, today’s third way seeks to rescue, with new pedigree, the contractual norms of capitalism, especially through the system of Political Parties that legitimizes class dominance, by means of a system self-called democratic par excellence.

Resorting to it today means that we acknowledge the dead end of the reforms made by global capitalism (for example, the so-called Welfare State or the economic projections by Keynes or Stiglitz), but we turn to the utopia of a better society through the same capitalism, which predates the world’s resources, the possibilities of economy (large consortiums increasingly concentrate ownership and industry) [2] and the exercise of political power (mediated by those same business monopolies). From the third way some try, above all, to discredit the possibility of changing the global political domination order that is based on the capital reproduction. Bourgeois state and concentrated capital reproduction are closely linked and dependent. Thus, they seek to neutralize any revolutionary possibility and guarantee the permanence of the social contract with the citizens. It is assumed, therefore, that class difference is inevitable and that society welcomes the most capable for adaptation. Socialism, for its part, proposes the disappearance of the state as the starting point for the new society, which would leave the contemporary property concept essenceless.

The focal points in successful individualism are in fact exceptional cases, as it is done with the legends of certain individuals who, thanks to the results of their professional management, have embarked on the path of capital concentration until they become millionaires with a lot of media follow-up and show business. Whether they are software programmers, artists or traders of cultural goods, they need to put into action what Meszaros called the social metabolism of capital. [3] Napoleon used to harangue his troop, assuring the soldiers that each of them had marshal's staff at his waist; he only had to win it in the battle. His soldiers won many battles, but, by the way, none of them carried the marshal’s staff. In short, it is a process of symbolic manipulation of the individual’s desires. Propaganda and consumption establish themselves as a goal of personal fulfilment to achieve that package of hopes that the cultural framework itself has sown through the pragmatic foundations of education.

Finally, the ecological plans, when they exist, respond to written regulations that varnish business predation and the indiscriminate extraction of the planet’s resources. Capitalism proposes it this way out of systemic necessity, so it is impossible to stop it with a package of regulations that ultimately fail. Trump’s Machiavellian idea to withdraw from the 2015 Paris Agreement reveals, against the flow, the hypocrisy of this stance.

In Cuba, as if it weren’t enough, the tradition of social democratic ideas is almost null; [4] at present, these ideas have been assumed by some activists (most of them not very clear of their theoretical legacy or simply unfamiliar with their foundations) and some other intellectual who seek a less radical way to face the revolutionary change. The counterrevolution has in Cuba an outrageously ridiculous number of sympathizers and even a smaller number of people tempted to follow it. Centrist behaviors, in their huge majority, respond to Giddens’s third point, that is, they look for the solution to the problems of individually. In concrete and in the ordinary Cuban way: I solve my thing and the rest have fight for theirs.

Finally, the third-way tendencies that try to sneak into Cuba are linked to the tendencies of alternative socialism raised by the counterrevolution of the 20th century Cold War, in other words, the subversion that is camouflaged from the real socialist doctrine to gain sympathy among the revolutionaries themselves. Its dissemination passes through the financing coming from the US Treasury Department for what they call the program of democracy reinstatement on the island.In this extent, the resumption of diplomatic relations between Cuba and U.S. seeks the clear purpose of progressing in objectives unfulfilled by the economic blockade and media siege. This is what Obama said clearly, trying to achieve a post comeback to the good neighbor policy, together with the fashion carrot one and technological dazzling and, above all, looking for some reduction of the millions they get from US taxpayers with that goal.

Hence, the thought allied to democratic centrism has no other choice than to agree with Plattism. And Plattism is actually the contractual acceptance of US dominance and interference. Hence, moreover, that centrist thought is so aggressive with the Cuban revolutionary process –to the point of diagnosing as failure what is indisputable merit and socio-cultural gain– and chooses complicit silence in the face of the manipulation of points of open confrontation underlying the historical foundations of Cuban thought, according to black propaganda patterns.

The permanence of the economic, commercial and financial blockade, overwhelmingly condemned in the UN Assembly for successive years, is the fundamental example of this behavior, since it is often said that the blockade is a pretext and not the cause of most of the shortcomings of ordinary Cubans, such as access to a normal Internet connection, just to mention one example of its negative effects. The illegal existence of the Guantanamo Naval Base, fruit of the Platt Amendment [5], is yet another point this tendency tends to trivialize beforehand, turning its freshened Plattism into cynical indifference.

The sole idea of ​​democratic centrism reveals its character of artificial construction and propaganda, with which the cold postwar subversion seeks to gain further time to return to Cubans the perception that capitalist hegemony is inevitable and, therefore, is necessary to resort to a "lesser evil". Curiously ironic, because from that stance some attack the measures of mixed economy that the updating of the economic model puts into practice, calling them centrists, while at the same time they criticize the rules for regularization and control, calling them backwardness and excessive exercise of political power.

This centrism, tropical and immediate, laboriously sneaked among the youngest sector, and consistent with its aim to return to the Political Parties system, shows itself as an electoral program attempt rather than a social platform of some future prospect, at least if it depends on its own precepts and not on some external force that places it "above society", as in the bourgeois state. One of the proofs of this is to see the scope of their arguments in the manipulation of symptoms, that is, their way of diagnosing the shortcomings and needs of Cuban society.

The consensus of conceptual judgment reached by centrism is prior to the fact itself, which does not harmonize in any way with the balance, which its theories allude to. Once again said in the ordinary Cuban way: the same old thing; although, of course, with sources that are not very clear, relatively generous funding, and a new technological appearance.


Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff


Taken from La Jiribilla

[1] V. Anthony Giddens: The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy, Cambridge, 1998 / La tercera vía. La renovación de la socialdemocracia. Traducción: Pedro Cifuentes Huertas, Santillana S. A., 1999, ISBN: 968-10-0797-7.

[2] Véase, por ejemplo, como apenas dos Consorcios comerciales son dueños de la mayor producción editorial del Planeta en español: Jorge Ángel Hernández: “Consorcios comerciales en la industria del Libro”, Cubaliteraria, Semiosis (en plural),

[3] Iztván Mészáros: El desafío y la carga del tiempo histórico. El socialismo en el siglo XXI, Traducción de Eduardo Gasea, Anayansi Jiménez y Gladys Sanz, Vadell Hnos. Editores C.A., Caracas, 2008, 427 pp. ISBN: 978-980-212-465-7.

[4] Véase Elier Ramírez Cañedo: “La tercera vía o el centrismo político en Cuba”, en Cubahora, 29/05/2017

[5] La Enmienda Platt es un apéndice al proyecto de Ley de los Presupuestos del Ejército aprobado por el Congreso de Estados Unidos, e impuesto como parte del texto de la primera Constitución de la República de Cuba, elaborada por la Asamblea Constituyente de 1901, bajo la amenaza de que si no la aceptaba, Cuba seguiría ocupada militarmente. Véase más en EcuRed,

USA: The “almighty” Trump?

A few days ago, the billionaire stated that being president is harder than he thought, and reality endorses his opinion.

Suffix to tell, among many, two close examples to demonstrate it.

Attorneys General Brian Frosh of Maryland and Karl Racine of the District of Columbia sued him for accepting money from foreign governments.

Those incomes came from businesses still linked to the head of the White House.

During a press conference in Washington, both prosecutors stated that Trump “flagrantly violated constitutional provisions against money influence from domestic or foreign interests.

Thus wrote El Nuevo Herald on Monday, those officials consider that never before a president of the U.S. had kept such big links with economic interests of the country.

Something that according to the newspaper from Florida “jeopardizes democracy”.

Frosh, Maryland Attorney General, assured he trusts that tribunals or the Supreme Court set a precedent ordering Trump to disassociate from his businesses.

Attorneys generals manage to say he is violating clauses of the federal Constitution.

Reason? Because governments like Saudi Arabia “sweeten” their relations with the White House by spending hundreds of thousands of dollars in president’s facilities, such as the Trump International Hotel.

If this were not enough, also on Monday, Spanish news agency EFE reported that the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Atlantastruck the head of state another sensitive blow.

What was it about? It refused to reinstate the ban encouraged by Trump last March on the entry into US territory of refugees and citizens from 6 mostly-Muslim nations.

So, the ruling of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit benefits those who reject the move and imposes further pressure on the Supreme Court.

In the decision, which text comprises 86 pages, the judges state:

“Immigration, even for a President is not an individual show. The president’s authority is subject to certain statuary and constitutional restrictions”.

“We conclude that the president, in issuing this executive order, exceeded the scope of the authority delegated to him by Congress”.

So, the almighty businessman from New York has to yield to certain realities of the very complex world around.

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff

Cuban medicine would save thousands of diabetic feet in U.S.

Cuban drug Heberprot-P awaits the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, amidst storming scenario with Donald Trump in office.

While the amputation rates of people suffering diabetic foot surpass 20 percent in the most developed countries, Cuba claims to have put an end to this serious health problem with the use of Heberprot-P, a medication that might be used in thousands of patients in U.S. and Puerto Rico, but its entry into US market is frozen in the maelstrom caused by the change in command in the White House.

Heberprot-P is an injectable product used in diabetic foot ulcers, many of which, estimated by Cuban scientists up to 80,000 annually, finish in amputation in the United States.

Cuba claims it has reduced amputation risk by 80 percent in foot ulcers in the country, statistics that according to Cuban experts could be achieved in U.S. too, should Heberprot-P gets FDA authorization for use.

Thanks to the new stage in the relations between both countries achieved by Presidents Barack Obama and Raúl Castro Ruz, this Cuban drug obtained a permit to begin FDA approval process, but the change of command in the White House has caused troubles to find a partner in U.S. who dares to finance the costly clinical experimentation trial demanded by US authorities.

"At this moment, the issue of the clinical assessment in the United States is a sensitive subject because of the change of administration. This brings new rules with it, causes a domino effect and slows everything down. It can be said there’s a period of uncertainty”, said to El Nuevo Día Dr. Manuel Raíces Pérez-Castañeda, head of the Department of Strategic Products and Government Programs of Heber Biotec S.A., Cuban pharmaceutical company attached to the Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology of Cuba.

"Without a doubt, the medical registration of this drug in the United States will bring a very large social impact, because this disease affects 29.3 million inhabitants, which generates one million ulcers a year, and 200,000 out of them need more complex hospital care, in a country where between 73,000 and 80,000 legs are amputated due to diabetic foot ulcers”, the renowned Cuban scientist added.

Cuban estimates report that amputations on US soil could be lowered from 73,000 to 21,000 in a year.

The impact on poor or minority communities would be much larger, because rates of diabetics in those population sectors are much higher.

"All this has an impact on the social security system in U.S., because an amputated person is a person who no longer works, who depends on the social insurance”, he added.

The success of Heberprot-P, claims the Cuban State, is based on the fact that rather than a drug, it is about a program that focuses on the identification of cases.

It’s a public health model that, according to official figures, has 382 units with therapy available throughout the country.

The secret, they assure, has been an intensive education program for doctors, who, once a diabetes case is diagnosed, monitor the patients’ feet in their consultations aimed at detecting ulcers in their stages 1 or 2, so treatment with Heberprot-P is administered ambulatorily three times a week.

"If we were to send those who need therapy to hospital, costs would rise. Then we created some outpatient care units, which are called policlinics here, thus we can assist stage 1-2 outpatient patients”, claimed Raíces Pérez-Castañeda, who notices that everything was not all roses.

The early resistance of the physicians and the mistrust toward a model that was changing the routine of health professionals harmed. But once the patients began to see the benefits and, especially, surgeons turned from “amputators” to “healers”, things changed.

There are also the typical shortcomings of the health system of a third-world country, above all, in the face of the problems created by the economic blockade or embargo of U.S., which conditions the fluctuation of biomedical products, and the inefficiencies of the health structure itself.

"This is an example of the thesis of the Cuban health model that is not a perfect system, but it is a health system that functions and reaches the population. Cubans cannot tell anybody to use this model, but we can say: 'See what I’ve done, learn from my mistakes and hopefully what I’ve done may be useful to you”, Raíces Pérez-Castañeda stated.

Awaiting for Trump

In U.S. FDA approval process is stopped, awaiting President Donald Trump’s decision and his policy toward Cuba, the investment to achieve the approval for its use is estimated in $170 millions, amount of money that Cuban authorities cannot afford, therefore they are waiting for a partner.

As the scene in the political relations between Cuba and U.S. gets cleared and the search for a partner strengthens, the only choice for those who want to use this drug is to travel to Cuban hospitals, something that is happening at present.

It’s estimated that hundreds of Americans are coming to Cuba to be treated, not only with Heberprot-P, but also with a lung cancer vaccine that is already in its clinical experimentation trial in the United States, or treatment against vitiligo.

Cuba’s health system is free for Cubans, but foreigners must pay through specialized clinics for those aims, such as “Cira Garcia” Hospital or the International Center for Neurological Restoration (CIREN).

Cuban authorities bet that the medical tourism flow generates some pressure in U.S. and that Trump, who is supposed to make an announcement this month about his policy toward Cuba, takes into account the benefits it represents for the health of US citizens.

Edited by Cubasi

Translated by Jorge Mesa Benjamin / Cubasi Translation Staff

Social Conditions of Black Women in the US Revealed in Study

The report urges that “institutionalized racism and sexism within the criminal justice system as well as elsewhere in society,” be properly addressed.

The National Domestic Workers Alliance and Institute for Women's Policy Research released a report titled, “The Status of Black Women in the United States," which compiles data collected from all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

RELATED: Women, Afro-Latinos Face Most Latin America Inequality: CEPAL

The report outlined Black women's “essential contributions to the productivity, wealth, and success of the nation.” Despite their dedication, after having been brutally exploited through centuries of chattel slavery, the report found that black women's “contributions to the U.S. society and economy have been undervalued and undercompensated.”

Among its series of findings, the report shows that:

The median annual earnings for Black women “lag behind most women's and men's earnings in the U.S.

Black women experience poverty at higher rates than Black men and women from all other racial/ ethnic groups except Native American women.

Black women’s average incidence of AIDS is five times higher than any other racial and ethnic group of women.

Quality child care is unaffordable for many Black women.

Black women of all ages were twice as likely to be imprisoned as White women in 2014 (109 per 100,000 Black women were imprisoned in state and federal prisons compared with 53 per 100,000 White women).

Black women remain underrepresented at every level of federal and state political office in the United States.

The number of businesses owned by Black women increased by 178 percent between 2002 and 2012, the largest increase among all racial and ethnic groups of women and men.

Between 2004 and 2014, the share of Black women with a bachelor’s degree or higher increased by 23.9 percent, making Black women the group of women with the second-largest improvement in the attainment of higher education during the decade.

Black women experience intimate partner violence at higher rates than women overall.

The findings of the report emphasize the urgent need for several policy interventions that directly address the needs of Black women in the United States. They include protection of voting rights, salary improvements and access to quality jobs, reduce costs of caregiving to families, increase access to education and health care, support programs for victims of violence.

Most importantly it suggests that “institutionalized racism and sexism within the criminal justice system as well as elsewhere in society,” be properly addressed.

  • Published in World
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