Physics Explains How a Long Jumper Leaped So Far He Almost Cleared the Pit

What were you doing when you were 19? Chances are, you weren’t breaking a 23-year-old world long jump record like Juan Miguel Echevarria. At the international Diamond League competition in Stockholm on Sunday, the Cuban long jumper leaped so far he almost cleared the sand pit, showcasing not only incredible athleticism but an uncanny ability to manipulate physics.

It was hardly important that a slight tailwind — at 2.1 meters per second, just 0.1 meters per second faster than official rules permit — disqualified his jump distance from record purposes. By completing a jump of 29 feet, 11.5 inches (8.83 meters), Echevarria blew away Jeff Henderson of the United States, who came in second place with a jump of 27 feet and 6 inches (8.39 meters). It’s clear from the video below that the lanky Echevarria approached the board — the piece of wood marking the point where a jumper should take off — with immense speed, but as sports scientists have pointed out previously, speed is just one component of a perfect long jump.

The late Melvin Ramey, Ph.D., a biochemist and engineer working with USA Track and Field, explained the physics of the perfect long jump in a video for the National Science Foundation in 2012. “The human body becomes a projectile,” he explained.

For a human (or any projectile) to reach its maximum trajectory, it must maximize its projectile motion, which in turn can be broken down into its horizontal velocity (the speed at which it’s moving along the runway) and its vertical velocity (its speed at liftoff). But the distance that it travels is ultimately decided by its launch angle — the angle that, in this case, Echevarria jumps when he hits the board.

It might at first make sense that a 45° angle — halfway between jumping perfectly straight into the air (90°) and not jumping at all (0°) — would make for the farthest trajectory, but this isn’t the case because gravity acts on vertical velocity, pulling the jumper downward. According to Ramey, world-class jumps have a launch angle of 18° to 22°. The trick, he explains, is jumping in a way that allows the athlete to maintain velocity once leaving the board.

There are, of course, other forces to consider. Wind speed can give a jumper’s horizontal or vertical velocity a boost, depending on its direction. Air drag can also make a big difference, which is why long jumps in high-altitude regions, like the Alps, are judged differently than jumps closer to sea level, where the air is denser.

Haters could argue that Echevarria was helped out by the relatively thin air in Stockholm and the 2.1 meter per second backwind, but there’s no doubting his pure athleticism. The amount of strength and speed it requires to launch yourself into the air — even if you get the launch angle just right — and ability to absorb all the stress of jumping and landing is impressive indeed. In a video for the Wall Street Journal in 2017, Phil Cheetham, a senior sport technician for the U.S. Olympic Committee, explained that long jumpers usually reach a speed of 10 to 12 meters per second when coming down the runway, and at liftoff, they feel a force equivalent to 15 times their body weight.

Echevarria may not have set an official record with this jump, but he broke his own personal best outdoor record, which he set in Rome earlier this year with a jump of 27.76 feet (8.46 meters).

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The long jump world may have just discovered its future king, and he’s just 19 years old, Cuban and called Juan Miguel Echevarria.

At the BAUHAUS-galan meeting in Stockholm on Sunday (10), the sixth stop of the 2018 IAAF Diamond League, the teenager sent a shockwave through the sport in the final round of the men’s long jump, soaring out to an astonishing 8.83m, a jump that is unfortunately ineligible for record purposes due to a marginally illegal tailwind of 2.1m/s.

But when he hit the sand and the mark flashed up on the screen, few cared about such minor details as gasps rippled through the crowd in the Olympic Stadium.

The event had been billed as a duel between Echevarria and world champion Luvo Manyonga, and most in the crowd would have picked the latter after he’d leapt 8.58m to beat Echevarria in Rome 10 days ago.

But in truth, Manyonga never showed up here in Stockholm, at least not as the jumper we know, the South African’s only valid jump coming in the second round with 8.25m. Instead it was USA’s Jeff Henderson who mounted the strongest challenge, finishing second with his leap of 8.39m (+3.4m/s).

Echevarria seized command with his 8.50m (+0.2m/s) in the fourth round, then fouled his fifth before shaking up Stockholm in the final round with 8.83m, the longest jump in the world for 23 years.

“Today I wanted over 8.50m but I didn’t think I could jump so far,” he said. “The pressure on me was good today and it was good competing against the top guys. I want to jump at this level for a long time, but it’s early season so I will take it all step by step.”


The men’s pole vault also saw a world champion defeated by a precocious teenager, the contest drawing the biggest cheer of the day from a sizeable Swedish crowd when 18-year-old Armand ‘Mondo’ Duplantis soared up and over 5.86m at the first attempt.

Armand Duplantis in Stockholm (Giancarlo Colombo)Armand Duplantis in Stockholm (Giancarlo Colombo) © Copyright

Up until then, Sam Kendricks led Duplantis on countback and looked firmly in command, but the world champion’s first-time failure put him on the back foot and rather than try a second time, he moved the bar up to 5.91m, at which he failed twice to bow out in second. Poland’s Piotr Lisek took third on countback ahead of compatriot Pawel Wojciechowski, both clearing a best of 5.76m.

Duplantis failed once at 5.91m before moving the bar up to a meeting record height of 5.96m, but neither of his two attempts looked likely to succeed, not that he was anything less than delighted after rising to the occasion to record his first victory over Kendricks.

“I finally beat Sam, which is a great big relief off my shoulders,” he said. “I couldn’t have written this whole competition any better. It was the perfect day, the perfect place and the way I was jumping I felt really smooth. I know higher heights will come. It was a great victory but I can’t stop there, now I have to go and win a couple more.”


The men’s discus produced the best contest in that discipline this year as Fedrick Dacres of Jamaica and Andrius Gudzius of Lithuania traded blows and pushed each other to lifetime bests.

Fedrick Dacres unleashes a national record in Stockholm (Giancarlo Colombo)Fedrick Dacres unleashes a national record in Stockholm (Giancarlo Colombo) © Copyright

The key round was the second one, where Gudzius seized command with a PB of 69.59m, a heave that would almost always prove good enough to win a Diamond League.

But not today, not when he was immediately followed by Dacres, who walked into the cage with a heavily strapped left knee after struggling with injury midweek and then fired a whopping 69.67m throw – a world lead, meeting record and Jamaican record.

“I felt strong today,” said Dacres, who could only manage 63.85m for eighth place in Oslo on Thursday. “It was good to bounce back, but actually I think I could have done even better today.”

Ehsan Hadadi of Iran took third with a best of 67.68m.

Britain’s Lorraine Ugen took maximum points in the women’s long jump by the smallest of margins, zero centimetres, winning on countback by jumping 6.85m on two occasions, a mark equalled by Germany’s Malaika Mihambo, whose second best jump was 6.67m. In a competition of impressive depth, Canada’s Christabel Nettey took third with 6.83m while Ivana Spanovic was fourth with 6.81m.

Lorraine Ugen sails to victory in Stockholm (Giancarlo Colombo)Lorraine Ugen sails to victory in Stockholm (Giancarlo Colombo) © Copyright

“Because I was injured during the indoor season, I’ve been struggling to find my rhythm – until today,” said Ugen. “I’ve been injury-free for a while now so I’m feeling better on the runway.”


Mariya Lasitskene continued her winning streak in the women’s high jump, but the world champion faced a stiff challenge from Mirela Demireva, who soared higher than ever before when clearing 2.00m. However, when the pressure came on Lasitskene was once again peerless, clearing 2.00m at the first attempt to seal victory before three failures at 2.02m ended her competition.

Another victory for Mariya Lasitskene (Giancarlo Colombo)Another victory for Mariya Lasitskene (Giancarlo Colombo) © Copyright

Sandi Morris was a dominant winner of the women’s pole vault, a non-scoring event here. The US vaulter cleared her opening three heights – 4.55m, 4.65m and 4.75m – at the first attempt to seal victory, then moved the bar up to 4.86m, a meeting record, which she cleared at the third attempt to win herself a diamond. Sweden’s Angelica Bengtsson took second with a season’s best of 4.65m.

“My goal was to get that meeting record,” she said. “It can be really hard to come overseas and perform, it’s exhausting with flight delays so being able to perform to that calibre is a big deal.”

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Diaz extends world U18 triple jump best to 17.41m

World U18 champion Jordan Diaz bettered his own world U18 best in the triple jump when sailing out to 17.41m in Havana on Friday (8).

The 17-year-old first broke the world U18 best when winning at the IAAF World U18 Championships Nairobi 2017 with 17.30m. He added two centimetres to that mark earlier this year when winning at a jumps-only meeting in Havana in February.

With just one month to go until the IAAF World U20 Championships Tampere 2018, Diaz showed he is timing his peak right by leaping a lifetime best of 17.41m.

Not only was it an improvement on his own world U18 best, it also broke the North and Central American U20 record that had been held by Pedro Perez Duenas since 1971.

Although he’ll have two full seasons left as an U20 athlete, Diaz now sits third on the world U20 all-time list, just nine centimetres shy of Volker Mai’s world U20 record that was set in 1985.

Cristian Napoles, who preceded Diaz as the world U18 champion, finished second in Havana with a PB of 17.28m. Although he is still 19 years old, Napoles will turn 20 later this year and so won’t be eligible to compete in Tampere.

Other teenage jumpers showed fine form in the Cuban capital on Friday ahead of the World U20 Championships. World U18 champion Maikel Vidal won the long jump with 8.12m, finishing five centimetres ahead of world U18 silver medallist Lester Lescay. The duo now occupies the top two spots on the 2018 world U20 list.

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Cuban Yarisley Silva Sixth in 5th Stop of Diamond League

Cuban female pole vaulter Yarelis Silva (World Champion in 2015 in Beijing and Olympic runner-up in London in 2012) ended in the 6th place in the competition in the Norwegian capital Thursday, in the 5th stop of the 2018 Diamond League.

Silva just could go over the height of 4.26 meters in her first appearance in the 2018 Diamond League, far away from the winner, US Sandra Morris, who ended with 4.81.

A silver medalist in the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Morris won the competition, and added a total of 8 points, to complete 22, a number of points consolidating her as the leader in this event in the 2018 Diamond League.

Russian Anzhelika Zidorova, with 4.71 meters, and Swedish Angelica Bengtsson (4.61), completed the podium with their silver and bronze metals, respectively, for which they added seven and six units, in that order.

In the case of the Cuban athlete, she accumulated her first three points in the general table of the modality, because she had not been present in any of the two contests previously convened.

Before competing in Oslo, Silva, world indoor monarch in Sopot, Poland, in 2014, won last May the gold medal at the International Urban Pole Vault meeting, in Mexico City, where she reached the height of 4.70 meters.

Colombian Caterine Ibargüen, Olympic Champion of Rio de Janeiro in 2016 and universal holder in Moscow 2013 and Beijing 2015, won the triple jump, with a record of 14.89 meters, to stay ahead in the general classification, ahead of Tori Franklin (US, 14.57) and Jamaican Kimberly Williams (14.50).

Ibargüen came from winning without difficulties in Shanghai (China), with a jump of 14.80 meters, which gives confidence to face a new season in the Diamond League, in which she could not be in first place last year.

The Diamond League will count this year on 12 qualifying rallies for the final, which will have two chapters in the cities of Zurich and Brussels on August 30 and 31.
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Nafissatou Thiam claimed her second title in the heptathlon and Damian Warner his fourth in the decathlon at the Hypo Meeting IAAF Combined Events Challenge fixture in Gotzis, Austria, on Sunday (27).

Thiam tallied a world-leading 6806 to successfully defend her title at Moesle Stadium while Warner collected 8795, also a world-leading performance, to break his own Canadian record.

Thiam began strong on day two with a 6.62m leap in the long jump, improving her personal best by six centimetres and missing the Belgian record by a scant one centimetre. That upped her total to 5158 for a 126-point lead over Erica Bougard of the US, who also improved her personal best to 6.62m to remain in second with 5032 ahead of Cuba’s Yorgelis Rodriguez, who reached 6.56m for 4983. World bronze medallist Anouk Vetter leaped 6.25m to up her score to 4763.

That put Thiam’s tally 75 points ahead of last year’s, well on course to challenge Carolina Kluft’s European record. But those ambitions were halted in the javelin where, hampered by the winds, she could only manage a best of 47.20m, more than 12 metres short of her 59.32m effort in 2017. That put her at 5964 points and effectively out of the record chase.

Rodriguez threw a season’s best with 48.65m to overtake Bougard for second with 5817 to the American’s 5737. Alina Shukh, the European U20 champion, won the event with 52.46m ahead of Vetter’s 51.27m.

Thiam concluded a successful weekend with a 2:18.62 run in the 800m for a 6806 performance, the third best of her career. Her two days in Gotzis was highlighted by a world heptathlon best of 2.01m.

Rodriguez ran 2:12.73 to take the runner-up spot with 6742, a Cuban record. Bougard won the two-lap event in 2:08.42 to smash her heptathlon career best with 6725. Dutchwoman Vetter was fourth with 6428 ahead of Austria’s Verena Preiner (6308 PB) and another Belgian, Hanne Maudens who scored 6252.

“It was a great weekend. I set a lot of PBs and I did not expect to score many of them,” Thiam said.

“In the javelin there was a lot of wind and I changed my run-up, but I am not sad at all about missing the chance to break the European record. This competition was a step on the way towards the European Championships. I am looking forward to Berlin. This weekend I wanted to assess where I am at this point of the season.”


Warner, the overnight leader, picked up where he left off by winning the 110m hurdles in 13.56, a season’s best, to increase his lead to 329 points over German Kai Kazmirek, whose 14.42 was also a season’s best. German Rico Freimuth clocked 13.96 to move up from 11th to sixth. His compatriot Matthias Brugger improved his ranking from fifth to third after clocking 14.24.

Warner produced another season’s best with 47.32m in the discus to increase his lead to 402 points. Kazmirek, the world bronze medallist, threw 43.76m to remain in second, just four points over Freimuth who finished second in this event with 48.58m over Grenada’s Lindon Victor who threw 48.82m. Sadly Freimuth pulled out of the competition before the start of the pole vault.

Damian Warner on the way to another Canadian decathlon record in Gotzis (Jean Pierre Durand)Damian Warner on the way to another Canadian decathlon record in Gotzis (Jean Pierre Durand) © Copyright

That event was led by Maicel Uibo of Estonia and Zach Ziemek of the US, who both topped 5.30m. That moved Uibo from fifth into second, while Warner topped 4.80m. Brugger moved up to third thanks to a 5.20m clearance. Ziemek followed in fourth place.

Warner improved his total to 8028 after the penultimate event, reaching 61.94m in the javelin, 275 points up on Uibo who threw 61.75m. European U20 champion Nicklas Kaul was the best of the day, reaching 68.78m to climb into eighth place overall with 7470.

Warner crowned his successful weekend with a 4:26.59 run in the 1500m, finishing behind Brugger (4:23:93) and Dutchman Pieter Braun (4:24.29), to become the fourth four-time Gotzis winner after Carolina Kluft, Roman Sebrle and Sabine Braun.

“It means a lot to win this meeting for the fourth time,” said a delighted Warner. “I was solid across the board, especially in the long jump, the discus and in the hurdles. We were very lucky with the weather. I will now go back home to assess the rest of the season.”

The Canadian star beat Uibo, who set a career best with 8514, and Braun, who improved his personal best to 8343. Uibo received strong support from a big group of Estonian fans who made the long journey to Austria.

“I did not make any particular highlights, but the key was to be consistent across all events,” Uibo said.

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While it is perhaps a little premature to speak of David Rudisha’s successor as the planet’s premier two-lap runner, especially as the two-time world and Olympic 800m champion and world 800m record holder is still only 29, it is inevitable an athlete will one day emerge to replace the Kenyan great.

In recent times several athletes have loomed as potential challengers to Rudisha’s long-held status. The 2017 IAAF Diamond League champion and 2012 Olympic silver medallist Nijel Amos of Botswana boasts strong credentials. World champion Pierre-Ambroise Bosse, the charismatic Frenchman, is another with a burgeoning profile but perhaps it is Commonwealth 800m champion and Shanghai Diamond League winner Wycliffe Kinyamal Kisasy* who is best equipped to take on the mantle.


Just 20, the exciting but raw Kenyan boasts many similarities to Rudisha. The pair grew up just 11km apart in Narok County. Like Rudisha, Kinyamal is a Maasai and the duo both have a similar long, raking stride which eats up the ground with ease.

Yet Kisasy’s journey as one of the world’s most exciting 800m talents is a little less formulaic than most.

Born the fifth of six children, Kisasy’s father and three brothers share a passion for football, but the middle-distance star has no interest in kicking a ball. Instead, he started his sporting journey as a promising schoolboy high jumper.

Boasting a personal best of “around 2.00m” he finished in the top five in Kenyan national age-group championships before a comment from a friend in late-2015 that running might improve his high jump was to radically change the whole direction of his athletics career.


At the time based out of Keringet, he took up running and rapidly discovered a latent talent. After just a few months training he made his 800m debut, running 1:49 to win in Bondo in February 2016. Two months later he struck gold at the East African Regional Junior Championships in Tanzania – a victory which crystallised a belief his future may lie as a middle-distance runner.

“At that point I was still training on my own in Keringet (the base of world and Olympic 1500m champion Faith Kipyegon),” he explains. “I was very happy with the times I had run (over 800m) after only a few of months training.”

Despite his inexperience, in June 2016 he finished third at the Kenyan Junior Trials - and just one place shy of a place on the two-man Kenyan team for the World U20 Championships team – slashing his personal best by one second to record 1:46.8.


Clearly boasting a special talent, he was picked up by the athletics management agency Global Sports Communication and in early 2017 Kisasy moved from Keringet to Kaptagat to come under the influence of leading Kenyan Patrick Sang – a switch which has accelerated his meteoric development.

Wycliffe Kinyamal Kisasy winning Commonwealth 800m gold (Getty Images)Wycliffe Kinyamal Kisasy winning Commonwealth 800m gold (Getty Images) 

“Since Patrick started coaching me my life has changed,” adds the softly-spoken Kinyamal, who in his spare time loves to sing to Maasai music. “When he asks me to do something, I have total faith in what he is telling me to do.”

Training largely on his own for track sessions, twice a week he joins Sang’s world-class long-distance training group for easy runs led by Olympic marathon champion and Kenyan running colossus Eliud Kipchoge.

“I have learned so much since training with them (the distance-running group),” he says. “They are a big motivation.

“Eliud offers regular advice. He tells me training is a struggle and that I need to work hard.”

Further progress came last year. On his seasonal debut in Nijmegen he ran a PB of 1:46.56. In his next outing, he scalped a further 0.89 from his lifetime best to place second in Hengelo.


His progression in 2017 was frustratingly stunted by a hamstring injury and he limped to sixth spot in the heats at the Kenyan World Championship Trials in Nairobi. The issue meant he missed two months of competitive action only to return in late August in Rovereto, Italy, where Kisasy made another giant leap forward in his fledgling career by taking victory in a stunning new personal best of 1:43.94.

“I followed the pacemaker and later (Antoine) Gakeme from Burundi,” he explains. “I moved to the front at 250m and started to push the pace. The time surprised me.”

Making his 2018 seasonal debut indoors in Dusseldorf, finishing second in 1:46.54, he also revealed another similarity to Rudisha – a lack of aptitude for running indoors.

“I found it hard running around the tight turns, because I am tall,” he explains.

A week-and-a-half later in the more familiar outdoor running environment he secured second spot at the Kenyan Commonwealth Games Trials, recording 1:44.72 - just 0.08 behind Jonathan Kitilit - to book his ticket on the Kenyan team for Gold Coast.

All smiles - Wycliffe Kinyamal Kisasy after winning the Commonwealth 800m title (Getty Images)All smiles - Wycliffe Kinyamal Kisasy after winning the Commonwealth 800m title 

In Australia, Kisasy backed up his raw talent to reveal genuine championship pedigree – the mark of any great champion. In the final, he hit the bell in third before making his winning move and kicking past the fading 2014 Commonwealth champion Nijel Amos at 250m.

Holding a significant advantage down much of the home stretch he repelled a blistering late charge from Englishman Kyle Langford to clinch gold by 0.05 in 1:45.11. 

Aiming to win “any medal” before the Games to take victory was the icing on the cake.

“Winning gold has given me a lot of confidence,” he says. “My career ambition now is to do a lot more in the future. I am still young and I need to do more at the 2019 World Championships (in Doha) and 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo.”


His Diamond League debut in Shanghai offered further evidence of his gifts. Edging a titanic tussle from Kitilit in a personal best time 1:43.91 he sent another thunderous statement to the 800m running world that he could be the man to beat for the rest of this season.

“I feel I have good speed-endurance and I plan to run under 1:43 this year,” he explains of his qualities and future plans for 2018.

Aged just 20 and with a little over 20 competitive 800m races in his life his best is clearly yet to come. Meanwhile, working under the astute and often patient stewardship of Sang is another positive sign.

Which brings us to one final question: does Kisasy have any plans to return to the high jump?

“No,” he says with a smile. “I have left the high jump in the past back in Kenya.” And after his dazzling transition into the 800m who could blame him.

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Doha & Shanghai: Five Talking Points

1. Legends fight back

Last season was a difficult one for Renaud Lavillenie and Caterine Ibarguen, both of whom surrendered the Diamond Trophy after years of dominance in the IAAF Diamond League.

For Lavillenie, it was the first time ever that he had failed to win the Diamond Trophy, while Ibargüen lost the title for the first time since 2012.

It was all the more important, then, for both of them to throw down the gauntlet and get off to a winning start in Shanghai. That they did, both leaping to victory in difficult conditions. Ibargüen's 14.80 saw her take all eight Diamond League points, while Lavillenie wrapped up a first victory in Shanghai since 2014 with 5.81m.

The Road To The Final has just begun, but these two Diamond League legends already have their sights set firmly on the ultimate prize.

2. Sprints wide open

If anyone had imagined that Elaine Thompson and Dafne Schippers would return to dominating the women's sprints this season, they will have to think again after Doha and Shanghai.

Both Schippers and Thompson are very much in the running, but after victories for Maria-Josée Ta Lou over 100m in Doha and Shaunae Miller-Uibo in the 200m in Shanghai, it is clear that the hunt for the Diamond Trophy is more open than ever this season.

With the likes of Blessing Okagbare-Ighoteguonor and Shericka Jackson also notching up podium finishes in the opening two meets, it is clear that there are now at least four or five athletes who are in with a serious chance of securing the Diamond Trophy this summer.

3. New stars emerge

The prize for the biggest upset of the first two meets must surely go to Reece Prescod, who recorded a brilliant victory in the 100m in Shanghai.

Coming in at 10.04, Prescod surged past the likes of World Champion Justin Gatlin and Diamond Trophy Holder CJ Ujah to just pip Bingtian Su on the line and pick up eight points.

For the 22-year-old, it was a dream start to the Road To The Final, and proof that he can compete with the very best. Add that to the Diamond League record for Abderrahman Samba (400m hurdles, also 22) in Doha and 20-year-old Wycliffe Kinyamal's meeting record in the 800m in Shanghai, and you have the makings of a season in which several young stars could be challenging for the Diamond Trophy.

4. Gardiner the man to beat

With victories in both Doha and Shanghai, Steven Gardiner is the man of the moment in the 400m. One of the few Diamond Disciplines to have taken place at both the opening two meets, the 400m is not short of quality, but it is Gardiner who is ruling the roost at this early stage.

Beating the likes of Diamond Trophy holder Isaac Makwala in both races, Gardiner has 16 points to his name already, and is well on course to book a place in the Final.

Should Wayde Van Niekerk return from injury in time to compete for the Diamond Trophy, he too will be among the favourites, but for the time being, Gardiner is the man that any title challenger will need to get past.

5. Records fall like rain

Gardiner was one of five athletes to notch up a meeting record in Shanghai, as he joined an increasingly long list of record-breakers in the opening two meets.

Shaunae Miller-Uibo (200m), Huihui Lyu (javelin), Brianna McNeal (100m hurdles) and Wycliffe Kinyamal (800m) all also picked up meeting records in China, while two Diamond League records fell in Doha.

Sandra Perkovic launched an incredible 71.38m to stamp her authority on the women's discus as usual, while the aforementioned Abderrahman Samba delighted the home crowd with 47.57 in the 400m hurdles.

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Six World Indoor Championships medals to be reallocated in Birmingham

Six World Indoor Championships medals will be reallocated during ceremonies at the IAAF World Indoor Championships Birmingham 2018 on Friday and Saturday 2-3 March. These upgrades follow the disqualification of the results of the original medallists after their sanction for anti-doping rule violations.

Among those receiving their reallocated medals is Tianna Bartoletta of the USA, who was promoted to gold in the long jump for the 2006 World Indoor Championships in Moscow. Her ceremony, which will include a flag raising and national anthem, will take place in Arena Birmingham at the start of the evening session on Saturday 3 March.

In total, six athletes from across five events at three previous editions of the IAAF World Indoor Championships have accepted invitations to receive their reallocated medals in Birmingham.

“After the very positive feedback at the beginning of the new reallocation process last August in London, we are delighted to continue to honour the athletes for their achievements,” said IAAF President Sebastian Coe. “And what better way than in front of full arena of passionate athletics fans at a major championships.”

IAAF World Indoor Championships medal reallocation ceremonies in Birmingham:

Friday 2 March

Shot put men - Moscow 2006
- Joachim Olsen, DEN, promoted from bronze to silver
Time slot: 17:44
Shot put men - Doha 2010
- Ralf Bartels, GER, promoted from bronze to silver
Time slot: 17:46

Saturday 3 March

Long jump women - Moscow 2006
- Tianna Bartoletta, USA, promoted from silver to gold
- Concepcion Montaner, ESP, promoted from fourth to bronze
Time slot: 17:33
Triple jump women - Valencia 2008
- Marija Šestak, SLO, promoted from bronze to silver
Time slot 17:36
Pentathlon women - Doha 2010
- Hyleas Fountain, USA, promoted from fourth to bronze
Time slot 17:38

Naide Gomes (POR), who was promoted to silver in the long jump in 2006, Li Meiju (CHN) and Misleydis Gonzalez (CUB), who were promoted to silver and bronze in the shot put in 2008, Olga Rypakova (KAZ), promoted to bronze in the triple jump for 2008, Valerie Adams (NZL) and Nadine Kleinert (GER), who were promoted to gold and bronze in the shot put in 2010, and Michelle Carter (USA), who was promoted to silver in the shot put for 2012, are unable to attend. The IAAF is in contact with their national federations to find other occasions to present them with their medals.

The Czech Republic women's team that was promoted to bronze in the 4x400m relay in 2010 will receive their medals at the IAAF Continental Cup in September in Ostrava.

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