Xi sends congratulations to Diaz-Canel, new Cuban president elected at the national assembly

Chinese President Xi Jinping, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, sent congratulatory messages on Friday after Miguel Diaz-Canel was elected the president of Cuba.

The election took place at a legislative session of the National Assembly of People's Power, the country's parliament, on Thursday.

Currently serving as the president of the Council of State and Ministers, Diaz-Canel received 579 votes in favor from the 580 deputies present in the election. He will be in office until 2023.

Salvador Valdes Mesa, 74, was elected vice president.

In the congratulatory message to newly-elected President Diaz-Canel, Xi said the two countries have built a strong friendship over the past fifty years, and they are "good friends, good partners and good brothers" that sincerely trust each other and share the same fate.

He said China is willing to work with the Cuban president to deepen and expand bilateral cooperation, and achieve new accomplishments in a new era.

In a separate message to Raul Castro, who remains the first secretary of the Central Committee of the ruling Communist Party of Cuba, Xi said he wants to maintain close communications with Castro so as to push China-Cuba friendship further forward.

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Tie-break will determine the winner of FIDE World Cup

The fourth games of the Final and the 3rd place match of the FIDE World Cup were played on October 3 in Khanty-Mansiysk. The playing venue was visited by Yury Yuzhakov and Alexander Tirtoka, Deputy Governors of Ugra, and FIDE Vice-President Mahir Mammedov.

Ding Liren and Teimour Radjabov played a variation of the English Opening, in which Black sacrifices a pawn, but obtains certain compensation due to an insecure position of the white king. The game quickly transposed to an endgame, where White's ruined pawn structure left him little chance of utilizing the extra material. Black regained a pawn in a rook ending and equialised the game fully. A draw was agreed on the 31st move.

Maxime Vachier-Lagrave and Yu Yangyi once again played the Petrov’s Defense. According to the Frenchman, his position was better, however, he was unable to increase this advantage, and after multiple exchanges the game equalised. The players agreed to a draw in a queen ending.

Thus, classical parts of both matches ended in a 2-2 tie, and the winners will be determined on tie-break on Friday, October 4.

In the first rapid game Teimour Radjabov will have White against Ding Liren, and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave will have White against Yu Yangyi.

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Samsung leaves China due to competition from national brands

South Korean giant Samsung - the world's leading smartphone brand - closed its plants in China due to the rise of national brands, and thus follows other foreign firms that have left this market, local press reported on Thursday.

According to CGTN television channel, the company made the decision after cutting production in its only Chinese factory, located in the southern city of Huizhou, back in June.

Samsung previously closed other facilities on Chinese soil and expanded its presence in India and Vietnam.

However, the firm will continue to sell its devices in China.

Like firms from different sectors, Samsung cited strong competition with local brands such as Huawei and Xiaomi, rising labor costs and the economic downturn.

It was learned that the Japanese firm Sony is also concluding its business in China and will establish smartphone plants in Thailand.

In recent years, several multinationals in the technology sector such as Olympus, Nikon and LG, among others, have relocated from China to Vietnam and other countries in Southeast Asia.

Top Cuban leaders attend PRC founding anniversary celebration in Havana

Top Cuban leaders attended a ceremony here on Tuesday to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC).

First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba Raul Castro Ruz and Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel and First Vice President of Cuba Salvador Valdes Mesa attended the event.

Valdes said bilateral ties have become an example of relations between socialist nations, South-South cooperation and relations between a large country and a small country on the basis of equality and mutual respect.

He highly appreciates a socialist and prosperous China, and praised Beijing's role in today's international arena.

"In today's difficult international situation, its (China's) development constitutes a factor of stability, balance and opportunity for the entire planet and in particular for developing countries and the Latin American and Caribbean region," he added.

Commenting on the Chinese government's recent award of the Friendship Medal to Raul Castro for his contribution to the development of bilateral ties, the vice president said, "We appreciate this new gesture of brotherhood and recognition of the role of the historical leadership of the Cuban Revolution, and in particular of comrade Raul, in promoting bilateral ties."

Also at the event, Chinese Ambassador to Cuba Chen Xi noted that next year marks the 60th anniversary of the diplomatic relationship between the two countries. He said the Cubans have a "fearless spirit" and are engaged in a "perpetual struggle to safeguard their independence, sovereignty and dignity, as well as equality not only at their borders, but throughout the world."

"China supports and will support, as always, without any hesitation and with all its will, the Cuban people in their efforts for socialism," Chen said.

Cuba established diplomatic relations with the PRC on Sept. 28, 1960, and was the first Latin American nation to do so.

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Cuba, Russia and DPRK congratulate China on founding anniversary

The leaders of Cuba, Russia, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and other countries on Monday congratulated China on its National Day and vowed to consolidate their bilateral relations.

In a letter to President Xi Jinping, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba Central Committee, Raul Castro, highlighted the contribution of China to justice, peace and world economic progress, local television station CGTN indicated.

Cuban President Miguel Diaz-Canel reaffirmed the will to consolidate traditional friendship between the two socialist nations and foster the comprehensive development of their mutual ties.

From Russia, President Vladimir Putin referred to the achievements of China and its role as an irreplaceable strategic partner, after highlighting the determination to strengthen cooperation for the benefit of both peoples.

The leader of the DPRK, Kim Jong-un, praised the leadership of the Communist Party of China in its task of undertaking economic, political and social revitalization, while Laos President Bounnhang Vorachith wished success to President Xi Jinping in realizing that goal.

Similarly, the Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres referred to the positive results in the fight against poverty and the role of Beijing as a key player on the international scene.

Xi Jinping also received greetings from the British Queen Elizabeth II; his counterparts Donald Trump (United States), Arif Alvi (Pakistan), Ram Nath Kovind (India), Nursultan Nazarbayev (Kazakhstan), Muhammadu Buhari (Nigeria), Frank-Walter Steinmeier (Germany) and Cyril Ramaphosa (South Africa).

Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud also sent a message; as did the President of the International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach; the Secretary General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Vladimir Norov, and the President of the African Union Commission Moussa Faki Mahamat.

This Tuesday marks the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China and the central activities to celebrate the date will take place in Tian'anmen Square in central Beijing.

The highlight will be a parade of 100,000 people that will commemorate the historic process since 1949, the implementation of the reform and opening policy, and the advancement of socialism with China's own characteristics.

There will be a major military parade that will show modern nationally made equipment, a gala and President Xi will offer a speech to mark the important date.

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CMC Vice Chairman meets with Cuban guest

General Xu Qiliang, Vice Chairman of China's Central Military Commission (CMC), met with the visiting Sen. Lt. Gen. Alvaro Lopez Miera, Cuba’s Chief of the General Staff and First Deputy Minister of the Cuban Ministry of the Revolutionary Armed Forces (MINFAR) in Beijing on Friday afternoon.

Gen. Xu said that the date of September 28, 2019 marks the 59th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Cuba. Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the China-Cuba relationship has withstood the test of international changes and the two countries have become intimate comrades-in-arms, like-minded comrades, and friendly and cooperative partners under the careful cultivation of several generations of leaders of the two sides. In 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping paid a state visit to Cuba and promoted the development of China-Cuba relations into a new stage.

The relations between the two armed forces have achieved rapid development in recent years. As a result, there have been close high-level exchanges, and the exchanges and cooperation in various fields have continued to advance. China is willing to work with the Cuban side to implement the important consensus reached by the leaders of the two countries, deepen exchanges and cooperation between the two armed forces in various fields, enhance the capability of the two militaries to maintain their national security and stability, and continuously enrich the content of bilateral relations, said Gen. Xu.

Sen. Lt. Gen. Lopez expressed congratulations on the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China and thanked China for its support in building the Cuban state and army. For more than half a century, the friendship and the brotherhood between the two countries have never been broken and have been constantly renewed. The Cuban side is willing to work with China in various fields to strengthen pragmatic exchanges and cooperation as well as promote the relations between the two parties, the two countries and the two armed forces to a higher level.

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Chinese delegation to travel to US for trade talks in two weeks

China’s top trade negotiator, Liu He, will lead the country’s delegation to the U.S. for the next round of discussions one week after China’s National Holiday, Commerce Ministry Vice Minister Wang Shouwen said Sunday.

The Chinese Communist Party celebrates the 70th anniversary of its rule on Oct. 1. The National Holiday is observed from Oct. 1 to 3.

CNBC previously reported, citing sources, that the next round of U.S-China trade talks would be held from Oct. 10 to 11.

Wang did not confirm a specific date for the talks in his response Sunday, as part of a press event for 70th anniversary celebrations. He did note they would be held in Washington, D.C.

“We look forward to the 13th round of negotiations,” Wang said in Mandarin, according to a CNBC translation. “We hope both sides, on the basis of equal and mutual respect, jointly take care of each other’s concerns and, with a calm attitude, use negotiations to resolve differences, and find a resolution that’s beneficial to both sides.”

The world’s two largest economies have been locked in escalating trade tensions for more than a year. Each has applied tariffs on billions of dollars’ worth of goods from the other country. U.S. President Donald Trump’s administration has also put Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei on blacklist which effectively prevents the company from buying from U.S. suppliers.

On Friday, reports also said the White House is in the early stages of considering a ban on U.S. investments in Chinese companies. The Commerce Ministry did not directly respond to the reports in ministerial comments on Sunday.

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What China told the world at the UN General Assembly

China addressed the world on Friday at the United Nations General Assembly, the annual forum in New York City where even world leaders who don't believe in globalism make a pilgrimage to see and be seen. While China's Xi Jinping rarely attends, he did send chief diplomat Wang Yi to speak on Friday.

Just days before the 70th birthday of contemporary China, the Chinese foreign minister struck a reflective tone on China's rise from poverty to become the UN's second-biggest funder. He also listed his country's stance on several controversial issues around the world. Here are the top lines:

Sovereignty

Wang emphasized a point that he has repeated throughout the week's events in New York, that China intends to mind its own business, and wants others to mind theirs -- as did several others earlier in the week, including US President Donald Trump.
"China is guided by the principle of independence.... We will neither subordinate ourselves to others, nor coerce others into submission," Wang said. "China will remain committed to the basic principles of sovereign equality and non-interference in other country's internal affairs as enshrined in the UN Charter."

Developing the rest of the world

China is undertaking vast economic projects around the world, including the controversial acquisition of major infrastructure from Sri Lanka to Greece, and major inroads into African markets.

"China stands ready to share its development experience with other countries and provide necessary assistance in time of need," Wang said. "Yet, we have no intention to export our development model or to lecture others."

On building that wall

In what sounded like a direct subtweet of Donald Trump's exhortation to "build the wall" on the US-Mexico border, Wang said, "Erecting walls will not resolve global challenges, and blaming others for one's own problems does not work."

The US-China trade war

He continued by criticizing the use of tariffs, a favored negotiating tool for Trump which has also escalated the US-China trade war. "The lessons of the Great Depression should not be forgotten. Tariffs and provocations of trade disputes, which upset global industrial and supply chains, serve to undermine the multilateral trading regime and global economic and trade order. They may even plunge the world into recession."

"Let me make it very clear," he said later, emphasizing a point frequently made by Chinese officials: "China is a country with a 5,000-year civilization, 1.4 billion hardworking and courageous people, and a vast land of 9.6 million square kilometers. China will not ever be cowered by threats, or subdued by pressure."

The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty

"Unilateral withdrawal from the INF" -- which the US did -- "will cause multiple negative impacts," he said, adding that "China is opposed to the deployment of land-based intermediate-range missiles in Asia Pacific." In August, Chinese officials warned the US against deploying such missiles in Asia.

The US and China both blame the other for militarization in the contested South China Sea, which China claims nearly in its entirety, to the consternation of neighboring nations in the area.

Wang also announced that China had started domestic procedures to join the Arms Trade Treaty.

The Iran nuclear deal

"The Iranian nuclear issue affects world peace and security. All parties need to work together to uphold the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and ensure that this historic outcome is not derailed." Iran has increasingly breached the deal's terms since the US withdrew from it and reimposed sanctions. China is a major buyer of Iranian oil.

"Given the growing tensions in the Middle East and the Gulf region, China proposes the following: the Iranian nuclear issue should be speedily brought back to the track of the JCPOA; the Gulf countries should be urged to establish a platform for dialogue and consultation; and countries from outside the region should play a positive role in maintaining security in the region," he said.

Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

"The Palestinian issue must be put at the top of the international agenda. What we lack is not a grand design, but the courage to deliver on the commitments and the conscience to uphold justice. There should be no more regression from the two-state solution and the 'land for peace' principle, which represent a bottom line of international justice," said Wang.
"For the Palestinian people, to establish an independent state is their inalienable right, something that should not be used as a bargaining chip."

Afghanistan

Afghanistan has elections coming up this weekend, and Wang promised to "contribute our share" to the country's reconstruction. "What we hope to see is a united Afghanistan where all political parties and ethnic groups together determine the future of their nation, a stable Afghanistan that resolutely combats terrorism, and an Afghanistan that lives in harmony with its neighbors and becomes a positive force for maintaining peace and stability in the region."

North and South Korea

"The realistic and viable way forward is to promote parallel progress in denuclearization and the establishment of a peace mechanism and to accommodate the concerns of all sides and gradually build trust through phased and synchronized actions," he said. Beijing maintains a close connection to Pyongyang, and Wang also urged the UN Security Council to consider rolling back "DPRK-related resolutions" -- many of which impose sanctions on the isolated country.

Kashmir

"The Kashmir issue, a dispute left from the past, should be peacefully and properly addressed in accordance with the UN Charter, Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreement. No actions that would unilaterally change the status quo should be taken," said Wang. China, India and Pakistan all claim parts of the disputed territory of Kashmir.

Climate change

While China has taken a prominent role in climate-related events in UNGAs past and present, Wang was pretty circumspect about climate in his speech. "We will deliver what we have signed up to, fulfill our obligations, and work with real actions to contribute to the building of a clean and beautiful world," he said.
  • Published in World
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