FARC party told world diplomats about problems in peace process

FARC (People's Revolutionary Alternative Force Party) President Rodrigo Londoño (Timochenko), Senators Julián Gallo, Griselda Lobo, Israel Zúñiga, Counselor Rodrigo Granda and Advisor Diego Martínez met with the ambassadors of the European Union, the Apostolic Nuncio, Switzerland, Sweden, Mexico, United Kingdom, donor countries and the Guarantor countries: Cuba and Norway.

The meeting took place at the headquarters of the Second United Nations Mission in Colombia and FARC executives were able to present their views and concerns about the critical state of the Peace Process and the dangers that loom over it, due to delays in implementation.

Such implementation, said the FARC executives, should have been "integral and harmonious in all the points agreed in Havana: the relative advances in reincorporation of former guerrillas, the short take off of the Land issue, lack of electoral guarantees, the murders of FARC members, as well as social leaders, the non respect of the economic commitments demanded by the implementation."

The FARC accused the government of "having a double discourse as it talks about its commitment to peace, but this talk is not reflected in practical results in the territories, where the presence of the State is Almost exclusively military."

The members of the FARC party answered some concerns and questions, while the diplomats pledged to continue supporting and accompanying the peace process, to make efforts in investment in productive projects in communities and to visit the Territorial Spaces where former guerrillas are living and trying to set up a new life.

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Venezuela Sends 3,000 Soldiers To Colombian Border

Venezuela deployed more than 3,000 troops to its Colombian border on Thursday after the South American nation declared an orange alert.

“More than 3,000 men and women from the FANB (National Bolivarian Armed Forces) are in perfect operational readiness along the Colombian border,” said government representative Freddy Bernal in a statement, according to Cuban state news agency Prensa Latina.

On Tuesday, President Nicolas Maduro government declared the orange alert at Colombian border due to the ”threat of military aggression” from the neighboring country.

“It’s just one more tension,” Bernal evaluated on the current relations between two countries and added: “We won’t reach any kind of conflict.”

Maduro also announced Wednesday a military exercise called “Peace and Sovereignty” to begin on Sept. 10 until Sept. 28 throughout the western border of the country.

“It is an exercise for peace, for Venezuela to be respected. To say that we are not willing to be a colony (…) we have the highest quality technological anti-missile system in Latin America, that we have already deployed and in due course details will be given about this exercise,” Bernal said.

“Colombia does not attack anyone, this is a country that always respects the territorial integrity of other nations,” President Ivan Duque told reporters for his part.

Venezuela’s relations with neighboring Colombia has been undergoing a new phase of deterioration after the former second in command of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) announced the rebel group’s rearmament in a video message last week.

Duque blamed Maduro administration for the sudden reappearance of FARC.

In July, Maduro praised former leaders of FARC Ivan Marquez and Jesus Santrich, saying that two “are welcome in Venezuela” and called them “leaders of peace.”

Colombia and FARC reached a peace deal in November 2016, ending more than 50 years of conflict between the two sides.

Duque threw his support behind Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido after the South American nation has been embroiled in political unrest as Maduro and Guaido engage in a power battle at the beginning of 2019.

Colombia also participated in the failed U.S. aid mission to bring truckloads of supplies from Cucuta, Colombia to Venezuela.

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FARC Reaffirms Commitment to Reconciliation and Truth in Colombia

Bogota, Jul 15 (Prensa Latina) The National Political Council of the Revolutionary Alternative Force of the Commons (FARC) party affirmed that it will work tirelessly for reconciliation, truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition in Colombia.

During a political statement after its meeting this weekend, the Council expressed support for the 'Public Declaration issued by our National Political Council, regarding the non-appearance of Jesus Santrich at the Supreme Court of Justice.'

On July 1, former guerrilla commander Santrich abandoned his security scheme and left the territorial space of training and reincorporation of Tierra Grata, located in La Paz municipality, department of Cesar (northeast).

On July 9, he had to appear at the Supreme Court to testify on charges of drug trafficking by the United States which the Colombian Prosecutor's Office attributed to him.

Instead, two of his lawyers arrived. They said they did not know where his client was.

His case (that of Santrich) and that of other members of this Council who abandoned their responsibilities with the party and the Havana Agreements, pass to our Ethics Commission, according to the statutory procedure, the National Political Council of that party said in a statement.

He also called on 'the departmental and local leaderships of the rose party, as well as all their militants, to reaffirm our principles, unity and trust in their national leadership. We are a legal party, with legitimate driving instances we must all respect.'

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Colombia: FARC Leader Jesus Santrich Freed at Top Court's Order

Colombian President Ivan Duque, meanwhile, said he supported the efforts of the Attorney General to keep Santrich in prison.

Colombia's Prosecutor office announced Thursday the release of Jesus Santrich, less than a day after the country's Supreme Court ordered his release, the latest development in a legal saga concerning his detention and possible extradition to the United States.

RELATED: Supreme Court of Colombia Orders Release of Jesus Santrich

From prison, Santrich went to the headquarters of the People's Alternative Revolutionary Force of Colombia (FARC). They will give a press conference soon from the headquarters.

After that, he will go to the Colombian Congress to take his position as an elected lawmaker.

Seuxis Paucias Hernandez, better known as 'Jesus Santrich', a former guerilla leader was arrested in Bogota April 9, 2018, following an extradition request from the United States Department of Justice (USDOJ) for alleged drug trafficking.

This crime, according to U.S. authorities was committed after he, as part of the now-disarmed FARC, and President Juan Manuel Santos signed the nation's peace deal Nov. 24, 2016, which would be in violation of the accords, which state that such crimes would be dealt as part of the special tribunal JEP only if they were committed before the signing of the agreements.

Ante el montaje infame del Estado en su intención de hacer trizas la paz, se impuso la justicia y la verdad. Celebramos con regocijo la libertad de nuestro camarada Jesús Santrich. Seguimos luchando por la paz de Colombia!

Before the infamous assembly of the State in its intention to destroy peace, justice and truth were imposed. We celebrate with joy the freedom of our comrade Jesus Santrich. We continue fighting for the peace of Colombia!

Santrich and his party have maintained that no such crime was committed after the 2016 agreement and that the FARC leader has congressional immunity and could not be prosecuted under by normal courts. 

The JEP had already come out against Santrich's arrest and called for his release. 

The top court blamed the Colombian prosecutor's office's incompetence for unfounded arrest and for overlooking Santrich's congressional immunity. 

The high court said that the ex-leader of the FARC has immunity in spite of not having taken office as a congressman and that he can keep his seat in Congress until his extradition process to the United States is resolved.

Referring to the illegal nature of Santrich's detention, FARC has issued several statements asserting that the peace accord, as well as the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, have been the “subject of multiple attacks meant to undermine their character, limit their scope and ignore their capacities” by the Colombian government.

Since the signing of the agreements in 2016, former FARC members have been facing persecution by right-wing elements and hitmen all over Colombia and being killed at alarming rates despite having laid down their arms in search of peace.

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FARC Leaders: Colombia's Peace Agreement Has Been 'Betrayed'

FARC leaders Ivan Marquez and Oscar Montero denounced in an open letter to the Colombian Congress the government has failed to fulfill the peace agreement.

Ivan Marquez and Oscar Montero, members of the Common Alternative Revolutionary Force (FARC) denounced in an open letter to Colombia’s Congress that “the fundamental pillar of the Peace Agreement of Havana has been betrayed” but insisted they continue to believe Colombia’s future can only be peace.

ANALYSIS: Colombia's Peace Crumbles as Social Leaders Killed With Impunity

The two former FARC guerrilla fighters, whose whereabouts are unknown, denounced in the letter “three acts of folly” that drove the peace process to the abyss. The three acts they refer to are legal uncertainty, modifications to the signed agreement and failure to fulfill key aspects.

Marquez, who was elected senator, refused to take his seat in the Senate citing the “judicial montage” against Jesu Santrich, key peace negotiator for the FARC. In the letter to Congress Marquez and Montero accuse the Attorney General, the United States ambassador, and the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) of sabotaging peace by imprisoning Santrich, a former FARC commander taken into custody on April 9 after the DEA requested his extradition on charges of drug trafficking.

“This delusional action conceived to sabotage peace banished the weak trust that former combatants had,” they write.

Last week, Colombian prosecutor Nestor Martinez admitted before the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) that he doesn’t have proof of Santrich’s alleged participation in the crime of drug trafficking, but expects the U.S. justice system would provide evidence soon.

“We are before a blatant abuse of power, mixed with an unacceptable rendition of our judicial sovereignty to a foreign power,” the letter states.

They also complain that the original agreement was modified “after we surrendered our arms. That is treachery, cheating.” The Constitutional Court ruled the agreement could not be changed by the following three governments, however former President Juan Manuel “Santos didn’t have the nerve or conviction to use the power vested in him by the Constitution to save the process. He preferred not to cross the Rubicon out of fear of the pack of hounds.”

RELATED: Colombia: Notre Dame Study Identifies Major Issues with Peace Efforts

According to the two FARC leaders, the JEP is not the one agreed upon in Havana, but the one prosecutor Nestor Martinez and the “enemies of peace” wanted.

The JEP “is no longer for all who were involved in the conflict; they removed the third parties from its jurisdiction, they surrounded truth with darkness, which is the only thing that can close and heal the wounds created by the conflict and create a new environment for coexistence,” they warned.

in August, the government of President Duque presented a bill to Congress ordering that "under no circumstances" should investigative bodies such as the JEP or the Truth Commission be allowed access to military intelligence regarding national security. In June, Congress approved changes to the JEP by ordering the creation of an exclusive tribunal for police and military agents, which risks delaying judicial processes against state security officials.

“The former Congress sunk the political reform and special territorial districts for peace. Amnesty wasn’t fully implemented, we still have guerrilla fighters in prison. Five years after reaching the first partial agreement there are no land deeds, no three million hectare fund of land for those who don’t have it, nothing to dignify life in rural Colombia,” FARC leaders argue.

They also condemned impunity, especially for paramilitary structures that continue to function in the country. According to them, this is the responsibility of the General Attorney’s Office. “They have said that over 15,000 accusations of paramilitarism and economic support remain dormant in file boxes.”

Human rights groups have reported that most murders against social leaders in Colombia have been perpetrated by paramilitary groups. Since the peace agreement was signed in 2016 over 400 social leaders and around 80 demobilized FARC guerrillas and their relatives have been murdered.   

“Today former combatants are being murdered one by one in the midst of indifference by the authorities, the same happens with social leaders,” Marquez and Montero lamented.

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Colombian Gov't Must Find 83,000 Disappeared Persons: Red Cross

The ICRC asked the Colombian government to implement more effective measures to prevent further disappearances.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has urged the new Colombian government to search for the over 83,000 people who disappeared in the country, in commemoration of the International Day of the Disappeared, which takes place every Aug. 30.

RELATED: Colombia: FARC Demands Meeting With Duque Over Peace Accords

The head of the ICRC delegation in Colombia, Christoph Harnisch, has highlighted that "The new Government headed by Ivan Duque) must make an effort to prioritize the search for missing persons and ensure that (everything is done to ensure that the families have a response."

The Unit for the Search of Disappeared People (UBPD) was created as part of the peace accords between the Colombian Government and the now political party Revolutionary Alternative Forces of the Commons (FARC) which was signed in 2016. Luz Marina Monzon, director of the UBPD, asserted that political will is needed because families are yet to receive any response.

"The creation of the UBPD and the ratification by the Constitutional Court of its extrajudicial and humanitarian character are in themselves positive steps, however, we expected the advances to be much faster," Harnisch said, while addressing the over 83,000 forced disappearance cases, that took place between 1958 and 2017, during the armed conflict in Colombia.

Harnisch also highlighted the importance of having human and financial resources in order to work effectively, in the territories and with the families, in the search process.

Colombia's newly installed right-wing government of President Ivan Duque has filed draft legislation ordering that "under no circumstances" should investigative bodies such as the Special Jurisdiction for Peace or the Truth Commission be allowed access to military intelligence.

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FARC: Venezuelan Military Intervention, Catastrophic for LatAm

The FARC urge "the progressive and democratic peoples and governments of Latin America, the Caribbean and the world, not to allow more interference on sovereign Venezuela."

The Revolutionary Alternative Forces of the Commons (FARC) party stated, in a release, Thursday that "Colombia cannot support a foreign intervention against Venezuela."

RELATED: 'We Are No Longer Your Backyard': Bolivia's Evo Morales Condemns US Interventionism in Venezuela, Latin America

In the statement, the political party rejected the Colombian Government favoring a military intervention against Venezuela, led by the Venezuelan far-right and its foreign allies.

The release highlighted that "the political, diplomatic, economic, social and military siege aims to destabilize and overthrow the legitimate government of President Nicolas Maduro and to reverse the Bolivarian Revolution, resorting to whatever means that are within its reach; it is a real element that the Venezuelan national extreme right, its allies abroad and the empire itself cannot deny."

|| Colombia no puede prestarse para una intervención extranjera contra Venezuela.

The FARC party also said that the repercussions of a military intervention would be catastrophic for Latin America in general and for Colombia in particular, "with the burden of death and desolation that it would imply."

The group is urging for the unfriendly and aggressive actions against Venezuela to stop, and calling for "the progressive and democratic peoples and governments of Latin America, the Caribbean and the world, not to allow more interference on sovereign Venezuela."

FARC call on the Latin American people to reject foreign intervention in the South American continent and highlighting that the "continent is a zone of peace and we must not allow ourselves to be deprived of that right."

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Cuba, Norway Say Colombia-FARC Peace 'Living Difficult Moments'

Recent developments, including the killings of former FARC fighters and arrest of its future representative Jesus Santrich, have put the process at stake.

The Cuban and Norwegian governments, which sponsored the talks and the subsequent peace agreement between the Colombian government and the former insurgent group FARC, expressed their concerns about the current state of the implementation of the peace process in the country amid the persecution and killing of former members of the former guerrilla group as well as the recent arrest of congressmen-elect Jesus Santrich.

RELATED:

Colombia: FARC Warns Peace Deal at 'Most Critical Point' After Leader Arrest

“We express our concerns about the recent events related to the peace process,” said a statement signed by both governments, which also called on Colombian authorities to “guarantee the protection of the final agreement... and secure the strict observance of the deal, including the provisions related to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, designed to guarantee truth, justice, repairment and non-repetition.”

The Alternative Revolutionary Forces of the Common, the new political face of the FARC, back tracked on their presidential campaign as their leader Rodrigo Londoño “Timochenko” suffered from health issues and the party decided the government wasn't providing the party members with the ideal security conditions.

The situation escalated when Jesus Santrich, a former FARC commander, was arrested on drug trafficking charges by DEA's order, who accused him of taking part in a business network intending to export 10 tons of cocaine into the United States, and may now face extradition.

"With the capture of our comrade Jesus Santrich, the peace process is at its most critical point and is threatened to be a true failure," said Ivan Marquez, future representative and number two of the FARC, said at a press conference in Bogota last week. He also demanded Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos "keep his word" regarding the peace process.

Interpol's red alert accuse Santrich of participating in the drug trafficking network between June 2017 and April 2018. His defense filed an Habeas Corpus appeal but it was rejected by Bogota's Superior Tribunal.

Also, the activities of groups claiming to be FARC dissidents who oppose the peace agreement and have refused to demobilize, are being used to discredit the peace agreement despite FARC leadership distancing itself from them and rejecting their actions.

One of those groups, the Oliver Sinisterra Front led by Guacho, recently kidnapped and murdered three Ecuadorean journalists reporting on the violence situation on the border between both countries.

RELATED:
Colombia: Gov't to Meet Peace Sponsor-Nations After FARC Leader Arrest

Added to that, some in the Colombian government claim that the former insurgent group wasn't honest about their assets and accused it of running a money laundering chain of stores, which sparked riots and looting in several cities of Colombia. FARC leadership flatly reject such accusations and said they have made all their assets available and have welcomed any government audits.

According to the communique by Cuba and Norway, the peace process is “living difficult moments,” and reminded that “is important that the involved parties and the international community reaffirm their support to the process and the enforcing and observance of the agreement.”

They also recommended speeding up the actions aimed at guaranteeing the full reintegration and reincorporation of FARC's former fighters into civil society and reiterated their compromise to reach a stable and lasting peace in Colombia.

Gloria Ospina, director of the Colombia in Peace Fund, was dismissed from office on April 9 after being accused of irregularities in managing the economic resources provided by the international community for the peace process.

The peace process has been heavily politicized and is one of the main discussion points for all candidates in the May 27 presidential elections. Most of them support the continuance of the process, including leftist Gustavo Petro, but the right-wing protegee of Alvaro Uribe, Ivan Duque, has said the agreement needs serious restructuring.

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